Monday September 27, 1999

MEXICO The Teotihuacanos' origin, the structure of their government, the reasons for their demise and even the very nature of their society remain largely a mystery.

TEXAS The Cimarron Heritage Center will sponsor the 10th Annual Tour of Sante Fe Trail sites in Cimarron County on Saturday. Lake Meredith National Recreation Area, in celebration of Texas Archaeology Awareness Month, will offer special programs through October at Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument. In its rush to get to the future, Dallas often has been accused of ignoring its past. Historians hope that an all-day conference Saturday will quicken interest in the city's colorful, but often forgotten, history.

OKLAHOMA Oklahoma City's Skirvin Hotel and Tulsa's Mayo Hotel are back in the public spotlight. City leaders say preservation of the hotels - both on the National Register of Historic Places - is so important they are willing to commit taxpayers' money to what would be private redevelopment.

NEW MEXICO The collection of 28 historic images includes many views never publicly shown before, and documents the military and social aspects of life at the fort and the nearby town of Central City (now Santa Clara). It has been 100 years since Fort Bayard ceased to be an active Army outpost in the New Mexico territory's southwestern frontier. García es conocido como disertante y especialista en lengua y cultura hispanas. "Mis abuelos abrieron muchas puertas para mí", comenta. "Hablaron de folclor, educación, política, religión. Despuès comencía comunicarme con personas que no había visto en 30, 40 años", incluyendo a su primera maestra en el Valle de Río Puerco. Resultó que García ha publicado cinco libros sobre el valle, entre ellos: Comadres: Mujeres hispanas del Valle de Río Puerto y Más Antes: Folcklore Hispano del Valle de Río Puerco. The FLETC course is a drill designed to teach how to enforce the Archaeological Resources Protection Act. The 1979 act made it illegal to excavate, remove, damage, alter or deface archaeological resources on public land without a permit.

COLORADO A University of Denver anthropology professor has come up with a ground-breaking alternative that may turn traditional archaeology upside down. Closer to home, Conyers has employed the new technique to reveal the history of the ancient Anasazi people of the American West. Because of their sacred nature, the issue of whether to disturb these sites is crucial to their descendants. Near Bluff, Utah, Conyers and his colleagues pinpointed a subterranean kiva. High in the San Juan Mountains there remains a treasure left by hardrockers a century ago. Not gold, silver or ore, but the weather-beaten mining structures that were once used to support the industrial revolution and two world wars. For Don Sullivan, South Mesa Lake is a window to more than 20,000 years of geological and geographical history in western Colorado. By studying the lake's organic carbon content, Sullivan and his students are able to accurately describe the temperature changes in the area over the past 20,000 years.

UTAH,1249,115011715,00.html? In this day and age, heritage is marketable. That's the premise behind the Utah Heritage Product Alliance.

ARIZONA A day-long event called River Appreciation Day, co-sponsored by the Friends of the San Pedro River and U.S. Bureau of Land Management, gave visitors opportunities to learn more about the mammoth find at Murray Springs. Jane Pike Childress, a BLM archaeologist, explained how the mammoths, ancestors of todays elephants, once roamed southeast Arizona about 13,000 years ago. Arizona officials will remove rocks deposited by New Age ceremonialists on an ancient Hohokam site known as Zodiac Ridge. They'll also post signs warning against trespassing on State Trust Land and will increase visits by volunteer stewards.

CYBERIA It all began in a dusty Navajo settlement near Kingman, Ariz. George Gustav Heye's impulsive purchase initiated a hobby that would amass one of the most comprehensive collections of Indian cultural materials in the world. The new museum could be controversial, because allowing Indians to tell their story necessarily means that some bloody and unpleasant parts of U.S. history will be exhumed and examined. Archaeological digs are of little use if their results are never published. Archaeology in general is going to try to go back to these older collections and interpret or reinterpret them. It's a very big issue. Mayor Stephen R. Reed today began excavations on City Island at a new site rich in prehistoric artifacts. The event marked the fifth annual Pennsylvania Archaeology Month as proclaimed by Gov. Tom Ridge for October. Authorities have arrested a Greek businessman believed to be a member of an international drug smuggling ring operating in Colombia and Belgium, after he was found allegedly in possession of eight kilograms (17 pounds) of cocaine, police said Tuesday. Skordalos is also suspected of illegally exporting and selling ancient artifacts after police also found nearly 50 ancient objects, including clay vessels, hidden in a suitcase in the house. The dog burial was in the largest tomb yet found in the Arabian Peninsula. The fact that it was buried intact [at its mistress's head] suggests that dogs were treated were treated as members of the family.,3266,30828,00.html Anthropologist Richard Leakey, a white third-generation Kenyan, is given the job of overhauling Kenya's corrupt and inefficient public service and jump-starting the country's economy. Zhao found eggs well above the K/T boundary, suggesting that dinosaurs lived for several hundred thousand years longer than paleontologists thought.

[ Got CALICHE -- Editor's Note -- SWA challenged Wotanging Ikche News to prove its' recent published statement that smallpox was spread by archaeological excavation. Here is WIN's response ] : From: Gary Night Owl To: Internet Recipients of Wotanging Ikche Subject: Wotanging Ikche--nanews07.038 After last week's Wotanging Ikche, a reader wrote to question the story I retold in my editorial about the consequences of disinterring and studying the remains of Native American ancestors. He pointed out that if scientists had indeed contracted smallpox via ancient bone contact, the story would have been widespread, yet he'd not heard this story before. I had not researched the story before printing it. I heard it from a respected elder who was personally involved in the events being reported and it is not my way to challenge or check behind elders. The whole point of having elders is to learn from them. It's not my place to challenge their knowledge (though I acknowledge they are not always perfect or all-knowing). There clearly is at least one reader, and maybe more who believe I should do so, and perhaps the outcome of this story will feed their belief.... I was by no means sure that it would be reported if people handling Native burial remains became ill or died of the disease that had been brought here by Europeans and had, in fact, killed those whose remains were touched. The CDC might hear of it and research it, but I am convinced they would have done so in secrecy. That said, since the question was asked, I looked into the matter and found no evidence yet that the story is verifiable. What I have learned from Dale Mitchell follows:

Date: Sun, 12 Sep 1999 12:39:26 EDT From: Subj: Questions Gary, only myself & the host (Robin Lockwood) showed up at the cemetery planning Meeting yesterday. She is also one of the TDOT defendants, and usually gets to talk to the others involved with the case more than I do; so, I asked her about the smallpox angle. She said at one of the vigils held at the disputed site, Lou made a comment along the lines of: "Who knows what might happen when those bones are dug up? Someone might contract smallpox or some other disease, because a lot of our people died from these diseases that were brought in by the White man." This gave her some thought for concern, so she looked up smallpox on the internet. While it seems that it can be transmitted by live humans, or by other means over a short period of time, there has never been a reported case of transmittal though bare human bones; especially not bones with no blood or tissue remaining... If someone had contracted smallpox by exposure to the remains, surely the local newspapers would have jumped on it by now. (Especially if there were three cases reported!) Maybe it was just wishful thinking on Lou's part, that something of that nature would befall someone who desecrates the Ancestors' resting place....