Thursday September 23, 1999


From: Jane Kolber Here is an excellent overview on wildland fires and rock art sites and should prove of value to CRMs: Site CA-IMP-1139 has been reported as a female initiation site. Our observations suggest that at least one of the main loci of petroglyphs, the rock ring, and possibly one of the rock shelters were involved in the identification of the solstice and equinox.

ARIZONA The Shaw Butte Site is a complex astronomical observatory. During the summer and winter solstices, as well as the vernal and autumnal equinoxes, an impressive display of multiple light and shadow markings occur within the rockshelter.

UTAH Armed with only a topographic map and a desire to explore, Cox found the Harvest Scene and Great Gallery, two of the most famous ancient Native American rock art sites in Canyonlands. Nearly 130 years has passed since the first survey established the common corner of Utah, Nevada, and Idaho. The exact location and "true" position for the State corner common to Nevada, Utah and Idaho was for some time lost. On Saturday, October 2, 1999, at 1:30 p.m., UCLS will host a remonumenting dedication ceremony of the Three-Corner survey marker. We are now able to understand how these people divided their year into seasons. These transitions were determined by the position and motion of the sun.

COLORADO For five minutes this morning, a sliver of sunlight will penetrate Crack Cave near Springfield, Colo., and illuminate a petroglyph of mysterious lines. The phenomenon occurs twice a year, at the vernal and autumnal equinoxes, and it marks the beginning of Springfield's Equinox Days. Civic boosters will put on a free barbecue for the growing number of people making the pilgrimage to southeast Colorado to witness the dramatic display.

NEW MEXICO The Three Rivers Petroglyphs Site is one of the few largest and most interesting petroglyph sites in the Desert Southwest.

TEXAS Samuel Augustus Maverick (1803-1870) neglected to mark his herd with a brand, so when they strayed, neighboring ranchers called them after the last name of the greenhorn cattleman. The name quickly came to mean any unbranded cattle. Today it refers to any freelancer or nonconformist who resists belonging to a group, including political independents.

MEXICO Many scholars to embrace a hypothesis often referred to as the 'Mexican connection'. The most important ancient centers were linked by a 450-mile meridian line--Chaco Canyon, in New Mexico; Aztec Ruins, 55 miles due north near the Colorado state line; and Casas Grandes, 390 miles due south in Chihuahua, Mexico.

CYBERIA Swink's lecture is called "The Rediscovery of Mesa Verde Black-On-White Pottery." In conjunction with Swink's visit, Christy Turner II, known for his book "Man Corn," will speak on cannibalism and violence in the prehistoric American Southwest. The fossil - first discovered in Brazil in 1975 but only recently found to come from a woman who lived 11,500 years ago - shows there were human beings on the continent long before Asian immigration, said anthropologist Ricardo Ventura Santos. Dated to 7,000 B.C., the flute is more than twice as old as instruments used in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and other early civilizations.