Monday October 11, 1999

TEXAS Dig for artifacts and watch stone-tool makers in action at the first UTSA Archaeology Fair.

COLORADO A Tlingit eagle hat spotted in a Denver museum is being returned to Hoonah at the end of this month.

ARIZONA The Navajos' secret was considered so valuable that it was kept classified until 1968. Fewer than half the code talkers are still alive. But suddenly, it seems, their story is popping up everywhere. Life in Arizona would be considerably different if Kino had not appeared on the scene in 1692. Kino's vision, and his establishment of a string of 29 missions in what is now Sonora and Arizona, led to the reopening of a western trail into the northern frontier of New Spain. It led to the colonization of a region that had been dismissed as worthless in the 150 years between Coronado's failure to find riches and Kino's explorations.

CYBERIA Columbus Day has diminished. A new alternative celebration has emerged on Oct. 12: "Indigenous Peoples Day." In an odd parallel, Notarianni notes that recognition of an ethnic group that faced discrimination was likely behind Anselmo's dogged campaign to have Columbus recognized in Utah and the United States. A researcher said he has new evidence that Christopher Columbus may have been beaten to the New World by Icelanders as well as Vikings. Columbus, who had read about the Viking sagas and led an expedition to Iceland in 1477, decided to take the southern route 15 years later. The journey opened the door for Europe's eventual colonization of the New World and the devastation of the native population [ as treasure flowed to Europe... ]. Italian authorities are weary of watching coveted antiquities flow into the hands of American collectors, and they are asking the State Department for help.