Thursday November 25, 1999

CALIFORNIA A coalition of Kumeyaay Indian tribes wants to redevelop a former military base that was home to the group's ancestors. The land was once home to ancestors who established villages along the Pacific Coast from Encinitas south to Ensenada in Baja California.

ARIZONA Visitors travel over the deeply rutted road into this corner of the Navajo reservation and pay $125 a night to stay in Christine Wallace's Navajo hogan. People are vandalizing the archaeological sites, said Kathy Pedrick, who is coordinating the BLM's plan to seek public comment about how to protect these resources. Perry Mesa contains at least 450 prehistoric sites within at least seven major settlements that consist of large stone pueblos. O'odham Thanksgiving Cruise down East Camino de Los Muertos and you'll come across a famous Indian agent in the Apache War. True West Magazine sold, will move to Arizona.

UTAH Legend has it that one grave holds the remains of an American Indian chief, mounted on his horse. Utah archaeologist Everett Bassett says Native American burials probably took place west of the pioneer cemetery, which rests on a plateau overlooking the Jordan River. Bassett and his team identified 133 graves at the cemetery, but are not sure how many still contain pioneer remains.

COLORADO Samd Creek was the defining event for the Plains Indians and the United States Government. In May, archaeologists, historians and Park Service officials organized a survey of the area where the massacre for years has been thought to have occurred. Their findings essentially confirmed that location about 20 miles northeast of Lamar, just north of the small town of Chivington, a town named in the days when Chivington was still regarded as a hero in Colorado.

NEW MEXICO Quarrell has been teaching about pottery in Deming.

CYBERIA Vandalism has put a new spotlight on the plight of Pensacola's oldest surviving cemetery, which dates back to Spanish colonial times, historic preservationists say. A lot of ailing Peruvians come to wallow in the mud thought to have healing powers. But there's a twist to these mud baths -- locals claim their purported miraculous powers are brought by alien space ships. On the plains of Nazca, 185 miles to the southeast, giant lines and drawings etched in the sand centuries ago by the Nazca Indians have attracted UFO buffs. Although archaeologists ridicule the idea, tourists still try to sleep overnight among the Nazca lines to absorb supposedly mystical energies. A company is using ancient mammoth tusks extracted from the Arctic Circle in Siberia. There are thought to be more than 500,000 tonnes of tusks buried along a 625-mile stretch of Arctic coast. Because mammoths are extinct it is not illegal to sell the ivory.