Monday November 1, 1999

SONORA On Nov. 7, 1907, Nacosari, Sonora, was rocked by an explosion when a train of explosives caught fire. Thirteen people died in the blast but the toll would have been much higher except for the heroic efforts of engineer Jesus Garcia. Jesus Garcia is memorialized each year on Nov. 7, a national holiday in Mexico. Join the Bisbee Council on the Arts and Humanities this year to travel to Nacosari and join in the commemoration of their hero. Reservations for the trip must be made at the Bisbee Mining & Historical Museum, by telephoning 520-432-7071. Also note the Dec. 4-5 trip to Casas Grandes and Mata Ortiz in Chihuahua, Mexico.

CALIFORNIA Libraries have stepped up the effort to reach out to ethnic communities by creating oral history and photographic history projects. In Eureka, the public library is conducting an oral-history project on American Indian tribes, and libraries across the state have duplicated a program by the LA Public Library to document ethnic communities through photographs contributed by residents.

ARIZONA The land curving around the foot of A Mountain nourished archaic period peoples as early as 2000 B.C. Hohokams lived here from about 700 to 1200 A.D., Spanish missionaries and Pima Indians arrived in the late 18th century, followed in the 19th century by Mexicans, Apaches, Anglos and Chinese, all of them attracted by the Santa Cruz. Voters now have a chance to make up for years of abuse of this world-class archaeological site. Copper matte was hauled to the railroad at Fairbank after 1881. On the return trip coke was hauled for the smelter. On April 16, 1882, four wagons were returning to Bisbee from Fairbank. Pedro Flores and Casimero Encinas in the last wagon were shot and killed by two Apaches concealed in the brush beside the road, and their bodies were stripped of clothing. They were not missed at once by the drivers of the other wagons. a group is taking steps toward building a motorsports museum. The dream is to build a 50,000-square-foot building to house anything from the automotive world. To date, the group's accomplishment is the race car exhibit at the Arizona Historical Society Museum which runs through March 2000. Hadji Ali ("Hi Jolly") served with the French Army in Algiers before signing on as a camel driver for the US Army in 1856. When the camel experiment withered and died, Jolly established a camel freight line between Yuma and Tucson. In 1868, Ali turned his last camel loose near Gila Bend and went to work for the Army at Fort McDowell. In 1880, he used the name Philip Teadro and married Gertrudis Serna of Tucson. He lived his final years in a cabin near Quartzite and died in 1902. The last wild camel in Arizona was captured in 1946. The last reported sighting of a wild camel in north America was in Baja California in 1956. A stone pyramid was erected over Hi Jolly's grave in 1935 and interred there were the ashes of the last government camel. Quartzite residents celebrate Camelmania Hi Jolly Daze on January 8th. l

[ Editor's note --; Haji Ali's burial cairn contains local stones some of which reveal ancient petroglyphs still remaining on their exterior surfaces ] Currently, Forest Service officials charge fees at Palatki Ruins and the V Bar V Ranch under a fee demonstration program. That program will expire in 2001, and a decision has not yet been made to renew it. Wednesday, November 10 Arizona Archaeological Society: Speaker: Sharon Urban, Public Archaeologist for Arizona State Museum. Meeting at the Century Bank Community Room, 34525 N. Scottsdale Rd. at Carefree Highway. For more info call 480-838-7008. John Madsen, an archaeologist with the Arizona State Museum in Tucson said just because there are no indications of markers, or lack of indentations in the ground does, not mean there are not graves elsewhere in the site. Under state law a burial site cannot be disturbed in any area not controlled by the state, county or local governments, without the written permission of the director of the Arizona State Museum. There is also another major sticking point and that is if American Indian remains are found they must be turned over to an appropriate tribe for disposition. "Wood Plenty, Grass Good, Water None: 21 Days with Lieutenant Amiel Weeks Whipple in the Upper Verde Watershed," a slide talk by Harley Shaw, is at 2 p.m. Sunday, Nov. 7, at the Sharlot Hall Museum. His presentation traces Whipple's reconnaissance and wagon routes across the watershed and uses diaries of the 1853-54 expedition and early photographs to discuss changes in the natural landscape that have occurred over the past 145 years. Men who could not travel any further were left behind to make their way back to Mexico City on their own. When Coronado arrived at Cibola, he had lost one-third of his party to death, sickness or injury. Historians have speculated for many years about the fate of survivors left behind. Evidence points to a small colony of Spanish, possibly the remnants of those left behind from the Coronado party, migrating near Concho, approximately 35 miles northeast of Show Low, near St. Johns. As Coronado's party traveled through the White Mountains, many horses had to be abandoned to survive on their own. The surviving horses turned loose were probably the first horses in the White Mountains. With horses came power. Sheep, too, played an important part in furthering the nomadism of Navajo life. When DeVargas came to Santa Fe in 1692 to re-establish the Spanish rule, he made a journey to the Hopi Country. The Hopis would not receive him, having been advised by the Navajos not to trust him. This marks the first recorded contact of the Hopi and the Navajo.

NEW MEXICO A computer science class at San Juan College has developed a Navajo word processing program that is compatible with IBM PC computers. For more information, or to receive a copy of the word processing program, contact Tim Reeves at (505) 599-0372 or e-mail him at Until the late 1960s, the church was a "typical Northern New Mexico camposanto" with mounds over the buried members, she said. In 1968, someone apparently decided to raze the ground flat for aesthetic reasons and bulldozed dozens of crumbling headstones. Federal restrictions on archaeologists threaten research that seeks to understand when the first humans arrived in the Americas and how they got here, archaeologists and their legal defenders argued at a landmark conference here Friday.

COLORADO The recovered artifacts compared "beautifully" against records of goods given to the Indians and to items found at a previously excavated camp of the same time period, said Scott. "What we have here is consistent evidence of a Native American camp from the 1864 period," he said, adding that the Sand Creek inquiry demonstrated the accuracy of the Native Americans' oral history, passed down through several tribal generations, and its value in archaeological research.

CYBERIA Construction workers at Harvard University received a surprise when their backhoe dug into a circle of mortared bricks, revealing a large collection of human bones, some of which had been sawed in half. The excavation has been hindered by high concentrations of arsenic, a common embalming agent used prior to the Civil War. For health reasons, everything must be handled with care. Frank Joseph has written two books about miners working in Michigan's Upper Peninsula 3,000 years before Christ's birth, miners that he believes supplied the metal to Bronze Age metal workers in Europe. Joseph continues to explore sites throughout the world that indicate a more mobile, global ancient population than most historians currently accept. Charleston was selected as a host site for a major trade show dedicated to architectural rehabilitation, cultural landscape preservation, collections care and historically inspired new construction. The typical 'R&R' audience includes architects, designers, engineers, appraisers, developers, contractors, builders, property owners/managers, planners, government officials and preservation activists. A special exhibit, telling the military history of dogs used in time of war, dating back to the Roman Empire, opens Friday at the National Infantry Museum.