WYOMING More than 450 barracks like this one were built during World War II to house Japanese-Americans in the Heart Mountain internment camp in Wyoming. Today, a local group called the Heart Mountain Wyoming Foundation aims to preserve some remnants of the Heart Mountain camp and educate the public about what happened there, with the ultimate goal of providing historical information and possibly a visitor center at the camp site. A map of the camp drawn up by the federal War Relocation Authority and now part of the collection of the Park County Historical Society shows line after line of barracks stretching across the sagebrush flats. The date on the map - June 18, 1941 - is telling evidence that the government had planned the internment camp at Heart Mountain and elsewhere even before the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the United States entered the war in December 1941.

CALIFORNIA Dozens of Cahuilla Indians and friends gathered at the Morongo Indian reservation for an authentic Native American fiesta - a fundraiser for the Malki museum, and a continuance of a historical tradition where villages in southern California would visit each other and have a gathering. The proceeds from the event will be used to fund the Malki museum, a place that stores many of the tribes treasured artifacts.

GOLD COINS RETRIEVED FROM DEADLY SHIPWRECK AUCTIONED FOR BIG BUCKS 05/29/99 LOS ANGELES (AP) A rare, 19th century gold coin that was pulled from the wreckage of California's deadliest shipwreck sold for $100,000 Saturday to a collector who said he plans to put it on public display. Applause erupted at the auction room inside the Los Angeles Airport Marriott as the price was reached after only a minute of spirited bidding. "It's a beautiful coin. I love just looking at it, holding it. (I'm) glad I'm able to own it," said Ronald J. Gillio, a San Francisco coin dealer and co-owner of the Treasures of Mandalay Bay Museum, where he intends to exhibit the coin in about two weeks. The museum is located inside the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino in Las Vegas, but is independently owned. "There's a lot of treasure seekers that want to own a piece of history," he said. SAN JOSE, Calif. (AP) -- Archaeologists have unearthed evidence of a turn-of-the-century Chinatown. Serious excavations began in April but were kept secret from the public to prevent looting. By Friday, the site was covered by dirt again after artifacts were removed. There were 15 brick-front stores, a barbershop, two restaurants, two temples, an opera-theater, a laundry, a warehouse, a pair of outdoor cooking pits and wood frame tenements. They lived there from 1887 to 1902 until a fire destroyed most of the buildings.,2107,54598-87425-608480-0,00.html Leaf-eating monkeys have a diet richer than most humans, a researcher said. The fruits, flowers and plants that monkeys eat are loaded with nutrients - more so than the daily recommendations for people, according to physical anthropologist Katharine Milton of the University of California, Berkeley.

COLORADO For nine days, a line of archaeologists, historians, geophysical experts, Cheyenne and Arapaho and munitions experts explored the uneven landscape of sagebrush, blue gramma grass and wildflowers.

OKLAHOMA Tulsa race riot historian Scott Ellworth, state archaeologist Robert Brooks and geophysicist Alan Witten were joined by members of the news media as they began examining the land below the Oaklawn Cemetery. They’re using the GEM-Two, a device which scans for metal but also has the ability to detect high concentrations of water in aerated soil. It is believed that the remains of race riot victims killed 78 years ago may be buried together in mass graves.

TEXAS The continuing popular fascination with archaeology usually involves two things. One is the innate appeal of times vastly removed from our own. The other is the lure of spectacular loot. Two exhibitions opening Sunday at the Dallas Museum of Art play into both those fascinations.


EVIDENCE OF POSSIBLE ICE AGE STRUCTURE UNEARTHED 05/29/99 MARTIN, S.C. (AP) _ Possible evidence of an ice age culture that inhabited South Carolina has been unearthed at an ancient stone quarry in Allendale County. Archaeologists caution that it's much too soon to tell whether dark stains found Friday in a circular pattern in sand near the Savannah River represent post holes and the floor of an ice-age hut. The grayish-brown stains in the moist yellow sand could simply be the remains of tree roots or holes dug by gophers. But the evidence discovered at a place called the Topper site is the most compelling yet of an ice-age culture that first inhabited South Carolina, said Albert Goodyear, leading the archaeological expedition. If further tests prove the existence of an ancient structure, the Allendale dig could shatter the widely-held belief that the first Americans crossed over a land bridge from Asia about 11,000 years ago. Goodyear's team has found evidence of these first immigrants, called Clovis, who are believed to have migrated across North America and are the ancestors of modern Indians. But more importantly, in the last few years Goodyear and his team of archaeologists have unearthed hundreds of stone flakes below the Clovis culture artifacts. That suggests another culture inhabited the area more than 12,000 years ago, or possibly thousands of years before the Clovis. "If they've got a structure here, this is, for North American archaeology, the biggest news that has come along since 1926 when we discovered there were ice age people, in Clovis, New Mexico," said Dennis Stanford, chairman of the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution. Stanford, an observer Friday at the site, put the chances of the stains being post holes at 50-50. "If they are, the structure could have been built 13,000 to 17,000 years ago and be the oldest ever found in North America," he said. But it may be months, if not years, before a conclusive dating of the post holes and stone flakes. Goodyear and his team have not found sufficient organic material to date the site. Also, geologists aren't sure about the age of soil there. Sediment may have been deposited in recent times from the river's overflow. Or soil may have washed down from higher ground. For these reasons, some archaeologists are skeptical. "I applaud the efforts. I just hope he's not following some will-of-the-wisp," said Stuwart Fiedel, who visited the site before the discovery of the apparent post holes. Goodyear and his team of amateur archaeologists, students and volunteers were drawn to the Allendale County site in 1983, following a tip about a rocky outcrop overlooking the Savannah River. The four stains are about the size of a coaster and clearly visible in the soil at the bottom of a 5-foot deep pit. They are arranged in what appears to be a circle. The stains could turn out to be decaying organic matter such as a post or tree. They were found by Chris Gillam, an archaeologist at the University of South Carolina's Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology. Crude stone tools and other artifacts newly unearthed along the banks of the Savannah River are providing the first tangible hints of a human presence in the Deep South that reaches hundreds, perhaps thousands, of years further back in time than scientists once believed possible. The latest, most persuasive signs of these earliest Americans emerged late last week with the discovery of a small cache of stone tools buried deep in the sandy banks along a backwater slough of the Savannah River, just across the Georgia border. A few feet away, archaeologists also found a semicircle of dark stains in the sandy soil that appeared to be remnants of ancient postholes. Goodyear isn't yet making any specific claims about the age of the site. Goodyear and a number of independent scientists called in last week to inspect the site say there is little doubt that the artifacts are among the earliest signs of human activity in the South. "These artifacts may be the oldest in North America," says Smithsonian Institution anthropologist Dennis Stanford, who watched last week's discoveries with keen interest. "Until recently, no one would have accepted the idea of artifacts this old," says Stanford, who has inspected scores of early American sites in North America. "But in the last few years, there has been a total change of thinking about finds like this. These may turn out to be the oldest tools in North America."

FLORIDA In the past two months, archaeologists have found 17 new historic sites in Leon County. That number includes six sites of houses that existed between the Civil War and the 1950s. It includes 11 prehistoric sites where Native Americans lived from before the birth of Christ through European settlement in the 16th century. In addition, archaeologists discovered remnants of four man-made canals, which were used to drain pastures and connect lakes Hall and Overstreet.

OHIO The quiet is broken by the sound of small trowels scraping the earth and the conversations of the students toiling to find pieces of flint and pottery left 500 to 1,000 years ago by prehistoric Indians. This week and next, the public is invited to pick up where the UA students left off. The students' two-week field study of the area wrapped up last week. The public is invited because there's more digging to be done so archaeologists can figure out how prehistoric people used the site west of the Cuyahoga River. The excavation also is a way for the public to gain a deeper understanding of the area's history and an appreciation of its parkland, said UA anthropology professor Lynn Metzger, who is helping to coordinate the dig.

AFRICA THE LAND that time forgot may have been found. Scientists are to mount a dinosaur hunt in a remote area of central Africa after sightings of a creature said to resemble a small brontosaurus. The expedition is being organised by Dr Bill Gibbons, a zoologist who specialises in trying to track down new species. He and other cryptozoologists will set off for Africa in October.