TEXAS San Antonio Center for Archaeological Research Summer Day Camp participants will learn about archaeology, excavation and laboratory techniques, Texas prehistory, Texas rock art, native plants, pottery making and more. Call 458-4378 to reserve a space.

COLORADO The Indians, led by Chief Black Kettle, had been instructed to camp downstream from here by territorial officials at Fort Lyon. They were told they could stay there unmolested and under the protection of the U.S government. But they were attacked only days later by a militia bent on avenging a family slaughtered by a band of Cheyenne near Fort Morgan. And archaeologists, historians and tribal leaders surveying the area on orders from the U.S. Congress are beginning to think that the Bowens' special place might have been the scene of one of that massacre's bloodier moments, an area oral histories and archived congressional testimonies describe as the "Sand Pits." The location, the lay of the land, and the materials found in sweeps by metal-detectors and electromagnetic imaging equipment suggest that this could be that black place. The real work still lies ahead, said the Park Service's Douglas Scott, the project's chief archaeologist.

NEW MEXICO The bodies of the fallen Confederate soldiers of the 1862 Battle of Apache Canyon have never been found. Confederate soldiers were in New Mexico in hope of seizing the silver mines in neighboring Colorado and the seaports and mines of California.

ARIZONA Contemporary saviors of Route 66 include those who rode it, those who wished they had, tourists by the millions, thousands who still live alongside it, museums that immortalize it and the House Resources Committee that last month approved legislation to provide $10 million to preserve its old diners and motor courts and Angel Delgadillo's barbershop in Seligman, Ariz. Of the highway's original miles, almost 2,000 survive. The longest continuous remaining stretch of Route 66 is a 157-mile arc through northwest Arizona, from Topock on the Colorado River through gold mine country to Kingman, Hackberry, Peach Springs and dusty little Seligman. It is raw and beautifully restored, and most wisely decreed an Arizona historical monument. NPCA today cautioned visitors to plan ahead to avoid the crowds and to take measures to prevent harming park resources. Among the recommendations from NPCA for a more enjoyable park visit are: Collect souvenirs through photos, memories and the gift shop, and not by taking part of the park with you. It is illegal to remove artifacts from parks and significant damage can occur to parks from large numbers of people taking away small objects. A prime example is the tons of petrified rock taken each year from Arizona's Petrified Forest National Park usually a pocketful at a time. Ignoring the recommendation of its own advisory committee, the Parks Board has decided to spend three times this amount in one year for a single property. Over three years, the Parks Board has allocated 10 times the amount ever awarded to our largest project. There are pressing historic preservation needs all over the state, including in Tucson and Pima County. The decision of the Parks Board will have a negative impact on historic preservation for many years to come. One hundred and twenty-eight years ago, Phoenix became the seat of Maricopa County in a nasty little election that was not a model of probity. Phoenix's supporters led the way by threatening and bribing Mexicans to vote for Phoenix and by passing off Tohono O'dham Indians as Mexican voters.,1249,100004481,00.html? Inside the modest stucco walls of the Winslow Indian Health Center, physicians are going about their business with stethoscopes, X-rays and blood samples. Across the parking lot in a carpeted, eight-sided ceremonial hogan Jones Benally is gazing into a crystal to discover what's wrong with his patient. Next to the hogan is a sweat lodge. Benally is known in Navajo society as a hataalii, a chanter or singer. His business card, printed on turquoise paper, identifies him as a "traditional medicine practitioner." Simply put, he is a medicine man. Prayers, songs, corn pollen, herbal medicine, incense, emetics, eagle feathers and arrowheads form the traditional Indian pharmacy or "medicine chest."

CALIFORNIA Workers this week unearthed fossils thought to be from at least two mammoths. A hunk of the top of a femur, complete with the ball part of the hip joint, rested Friday in the City Hall of this fossil-rich town. The femur, vertebrae and ribs eventually will be displayed in the lobby of its main building. Matt Phillips, a paleontologist with archaeological consulting firm RMV Paleo, said that skulls as well as other bones don't stand up to the years, about 40,000 in this case.

CYBERIA Thanks to a new archaeological survey using metal detectors, computers and a Global Positioning Satellite mapping system, historians are closer to knowing what happened when Confederate Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan took on the Union during the 1863 Battle of Buffington Island. In a sign of the Catholic Church's growing activism in the environmental arena, Roman Catholic bishops have issued a rare pastoral "reflection" that seeks to emphasize the sacred nature of the river--placing the church in the unusual role of echoing Native American spiritual discourse, and squarely in the middle of one of the region's most contentious political conflicts. They echo the Native Americans' traditional view of the river as a sacred, life-giving force. University of Alberta forensic science expert Dr. Debra Komar joined the University of Alberta's department of anthropology three years ago. She is training dogs to search for human bones. It was Komar's work with the cadaver dogs that drew her to the attention of U.S.-based Physicians for Human Rights, which is sending her to Bosnia for six months. Peruvian customs agents have seized four well-preserved pre-Incan mummy skulls, bones and artifacts that smugglers hoped to ship to Miami, the government said Friday.,2107,54284-86925-616682-0,00.html Archaeologists have unearthed one of sub-Saharan Africa's oldest settled agricultural communities on the outskirts of Eritrea's capital, the team's leader said Saturday. Radiocarbon tests at the Asmara sites dated the settlement to between 400 and 700 B.C.