ARIZONA the Affiliations Project In its affiliation with the Smithsonian, the 30-year-old Bisbee Mining & Historical Museum will be creating a permanent gallery which will "interpret Bisbee's minerals in terms of mineralogy and the mining environment." Part of this project will include the long-term loan of Bisbee minerals from the National Museum of Natural History. In contrast to the public's conception of most western mining towns, Bisbee was a genuine urban center set in the otherwise wild west of territorial Arizona' with a commercial district built of brick and stone, paved streets, a trolley line leading to the suburbs, and rail connections to the rest of the nation. For information, contact: Carrie Gustavson, Director Boyd Nicholl, History Curator 520.432.7071 The new 10,500-word dictionary is the second of two Apache-English dictionaries published in Arizona, but it includes about five times as many words as the first, released in 1972. The dictionary is aimed mainly at the White Mountain Apaches who live on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation in east central Arizona and San Carlos Apaches on the San Carlos Apache Reservation east of Phoenix. The book includes their different dialects.

UTAH Until President Bill Clinton conferred monument status on the 1.7-million-acre area in 1996, most people had never heard of it. Southern Utah was still a blank space on the map of America when the Escalante River canyons were traversed by a contingent of John Wesley Powell's second Colorado River expedition in the 1870s.,1249,100003820,00.html? MURRAY Preservationists think developers will find gold in the historic smokestacks. Save them and people will come to shop. That was the message delivered to City Council members, also acting as the Redevelopment Agency board, at Tuesday's public hearing to consider creating a new redevelopment area.,1249,100003560,00.html? When schoolchildren learn about the hardships endured by Utah's Mormon pioneers, they probably don't consider their teeth. Yet the settlers must have suffered from the awful pain of constant toothaches. No fewer than 54 percent of the teeth of adult pioneers whose bones were uncovered in 1986 turned out to have cavities - not 54 percent of the people, but that proportion of their total number of teeth. "Some of them had quite a few," said George W. Gill, anthropology professor at the University of Wyoming, Laramie. He, graduate student Lori Tigner and others examined the skeletons after they were unearthed from a long-forgotten cemetery in downtown Salt Lake City. Federal officials conceded Wednesday that rules were not followed in 1991 when two roads in San Juan County were closed. San Juan County on May 18 notified the federal government it intended to remove the barricades from roads leading into five areas rich in archaeological sites. County officials claimed these roads belonged to them and the federal government had no right to close them.

COLORADO Archaeological resarch at Cliff Palace resumes after 80 years. Surprises are the order of the day One of the great mysteries of North American archaeology concerns the Anasazi, a Native American people who suddenly abandoned their complex buildings around A.D. 1300. FAIRPLAY - The Park County Historic Preservation Advisory Commission will meet in special public session Wednesday, June 2, at 7 p.m. in the Commissioners' Board Room of the County Annex Building in Fairplay to consider the Old County Courthouse for local historic designation. If approved, the Courthouse will be the first property in Park County named to the Park County Historic Landmark Register, and the meeting is in keeping with the PCHPAC requirements for soliciting public opinion and input on the property and its designation. The Courthouse was previously named to the National Register of Historic Places. For more information on the proposed designation or the PCHPAC, contact commission chair Jerry Davis at 719/634-7830. The Maysville School, located on CR 220, south of U.S. 50, was listed in the National Register of Historic Places, according to a recent announcement from the Colorado Historical Society. The wood-frame rural schoolhouse is located within what was the commercial district of Maysville. It is believed that the school was originally constructed in 1882 as a two-story building, during a period of rapid growth associated with mining-related development in the area.

VOLUNTEERS OVERHAUL HISTORIC RED SCHOOLHOUSE 05/26/99 STEAMBOAT SPRINGS, Colo. (AP) _ Initial work, including scrubbing of the interior, has started on a historic red schoolhouse between Steamboat Springs and the base of Rabbit Ears Pass. Last month, the Mesa School House was acquired by Historic Routt County for $105,000 and donated to Steamboat Springs. Project Chairwoman Jayne Hill estimates it will cost an additional $100,000 to complete the renovation. The school, which has the original blackboards, a stage for recitations and teacher's desk, will be a community hall, just as it was in the old days. The school was built in 1916 and closed in 1959. In the intervening 40 years, the building was occasionally inhabited by transients and "became a place to trespass and have parties," Ms. Hill said. Earlier this month, volunteers washed the interior of the school to guard against hantavirus, an often fatal disease spread by rodent droppings. Don Lufkin, who attended the school from 1929 to 1937, frequently stops by to watch the progress. "My grandmother donated land for this school in 1916. My mother was on the school board, and later I was on the school board," he said. He recalled the influx of Depression and Dust Bowl refugees from the Kansas plains. "They were extremely, terribly poor," and their children "often had nothing but a leftover breakfast pancake for lunch," he said, adding that many walked three miles to school and three miles home again. The experience made him appreciate life much more, said Lufkin, a third-generation rancher. There was one teacher for the 25 pupils, ranging from first through eighth grade. The only water was supplied in buckets carried by students. They also carried in the coal in for the potbellied stove, which burned during most of the school year. "Spring was always marble time, and the best place to play marbles was in the middle of the road, where we drew an 8-foot ring in the gravel," Lufkin said. When a vehicle approached, they were warned by the noise and cloud of dust. "We'd glare at 'em and bluff 'em," so they'd avoid the circle, because participants were playing for keeps, he said. Lufkin also helped find the school's old bell, and it will be put back in the bell tower. "I'm really anxious to hear it again," he added with a smile.

NEW MEXICO Hoping to develop the Navajo Nation as a major tourist destination in the state as well as the country, reservation officials are playing a major role in this summer's "Preserving Our Past, Sharing Our Future" American Indian Tourism Conference. The first ever American Indian Tourism Conference will be held in Albuquerque and is slated to feature discussions about traditional and cultural event management, community tourism planning, cultural development, product development and resort development. The conference, to be held Aug. 18-20 at the Albuquerque Convention Center. Information and reservations: (505) 246-1668. Thanks to the good deeds of a local man, the Bureau of Land Management is in possession of a rare, 500-year-old Navajo pot. Travis Kennedy found the almost fully intact pot about two weeks ago while hiking around the Largo Canyon area. He turned it over to the BLM days later. Archeologists with the agency have dated the artifact to 1500 A.D., BLM Ranger Randy Tracy said. With it's narrow rounded base and inverted cone-like shape, it's believed the black clay pot was set in a fire pit full of hot coals and then water or food was placed into the container to be heated, he said.

CALIFORNIA The fate of the oldest known archaeological site in the Bay Area may be decided tonight when the South San Francisco City Council votes on whether to approve a huge commercial project overlooking it. It is a project that local environmentalists and American Indian groups have been battling for years.

LOS ANGELES--(BUSINESS WIRE)--May 26, 1999--Museums are back. There is a building boom in museums of all types these days, but most of them are definitely not your father's museums. They are hands-on, interactive, and multimedia - a sort of entertainingly educational amusement park. And the public is responding. The talk of the industry at the moment is the mammoth 1-million-square-foot J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles. The long-awaited opening last December capped off the project, which, at $1 billion, is the most expensive and ambitious museum project in the world. It also has the largest endowment of any museum worldwide - a whopping $4 billion. The result? The museum is drawing 20,000 people a day to its sprawling, modernistic 110-acre campus. Other notable museums, like the American Museum of Natural History, are redesigning areas and exhibitions to reel in crowds. The museum redesigned an entire hall containing a gem collection, and is now breaking attendance records. "There is such a resurgence in museums these days," says Susan Fisher, senior account executive with exhibitgroup/ Giltspur, who specializes in museums and recently completed the opening exhibition, "Beyond Beauty" for the J. Paul Getty. "People are hungry to see beautiful artworks and antiquities. The major traffic jams at the Getty have really surprised the staff. They are amazed that their collections are attracting so much interest." She says there have been similar experiences at the new science museums in Los Angeles and Phoenix. The Emerging Corporate Presence As museums look to fund new projects, neighboring corporations are being asked to sponsor the efforts. Companies are seeing that while they are sponsoring the museum project, they can also leverage the opportunity to tell their story. Exhibitgroup/Giltspur is the world's largest exhibition company. Susan Fisher is with the company's Los Angeles office (213-727-7111) and Norman Bleckner is in the New York office (732-287-2211). More information on the company can be found on the Web at

WYOMING CHEYENNE, Wyo. (AP) - After three years and $4 million, the effort to turn an old Union Pacific depot into a museum is only about 25 percent complete. The Wyoming Transportation Museum and Learning Center board is struggling to find money for the project.

KANSAS STRONG CITY - The Kansas Archeology Training Program June 11-20 will allow Kansans to learn more about the history of the state through its artifacts. Donald Blakeslee, of Wichita State University, will lecture on the "Sacred Sites of the Great Plains and Beyond" at 7 p.m. June 12 in the Chase County Middle School gymnasium.


ARLINGTON, Va., May 27 /PRNewswire/ -- Marking the date of the last principal battle of the Civil War in May 1865, The Conservation Fund, a national nonprofit organization, today issued a report on the condition of the 384 principal battlefields of the Civil War: 226 are not protected. Of the 158 that have protection, the protected areas of some, such as Antietam in Maryland, are large enough to honor the soldiers and to enable visitors to understand the battle. Others, such as the one acre on the Tupelo, Mississippi, battlefield, are too small or fragmented. The successes in battlefield preservation today are the result of efforts by both the private and public sectors, beginning with the Civil War veterans: 62 are protected by the federal government, 51 by states, 20 by counties and municipalities, and 25 by the private sector. The data for the report were drawn from the research for the new edition of the Fund's book, The Civil War Battlefield Guide. The Conservation Fund is a national nonprofit land conservation organization. 1800 N. Kent Street, Suite 1120, Arlington, Va. 22209-2156 703-525-6300 --

CYBERIA Anthropologists adapt technology to world's cultures. Think anthropologists spend their days hanging out in Pago Pago studying the local culture? Think again. Like everyone else, anthropologists and ethnographers increasingly are finding jobs with high-tech companies, using their highly developed skills as observers to study how people live, work and use technology. "This is not Raiders of the Lost Ark," says Susan Squires, incoming president of the 1,000-member National Association for the Practice of Anthropology, which has a Web site at "Anthropology developed methods to understand people who were so different from Europeans that you couldn't just go up and ask questions, so we came up with methods such as participant observation and fieldwork," says Squires, who also works at GVO Inc., a product development company in Palo Alto, Calif. Twenty years later, a hiring boom is going on, plucking newly minted Ph.D.s from anthropology departments across the country, much to the distress of more tradition-bound academics, who think their graduates shouldn't sully the purity of their field by working in industry. About 9,000 anthropologists are in academia in the USA and about 2,200 are in applied anthropology positions in industry.