ANCIENT RUINS DELAY ARIZONA WAL-MART CONSTRUCTION 05/11/99 Buried ancient ruins are stalling a planned modern development. Bentonville, Ark.-based Wal-Mart Stores Inc. put plans for a Coolidge store on hold Monday amid concerns about buried artifacts, graves and other remains from one of North America's largest prehistoric settlements. The Society of American Archaeologists and the Gila River Indian Community told the nation's largest retailer they are concerned about a proposed store along State Route 87 across from the Casa Grande National Monument. The site is 25 miles southeast of Chandler. The land Wal-Mart owns is in the transitional zone of a two-mile long Hohokam settlement that began east of the site about 550 AD, said Keith Kintigh, an Arizona State University archaeologist and the society's president. "This matter was just recently brought our attention," Wal-Mart public affairs director Cynthia Lin said. "We've put the project on hold as we gather more information and decide how to proceed." She said a company representive would meet with Kintigh and others this week.

PUEBLO REMAINS, BURIAL OBJECTS TO BE RETURNED 05/11/99 Archaeologist Alfred V. Kidder set out 84 years ago to exhume thousands of human remains and burial objects from the ancient Pecos Pueblo in New Mexico. The ancestral remains were taken to museums at Harvard University and Phillips Academy. Now, a delegation of tribal leaders from the Pueblo of Jemez, N.M., is getting ready to travel to Massachusetts later this month to reclaim 2,000 sets of human remains and 1,020 burial objects. It is the largest repatriation in American history, and one marked by an unusual degree of cooperation between the prestigious East Coast boarding school in Andover and Jemez, a small community of scattered adobe houses about 50 miles northwest of Albuquerque. "It's an absolute feeling of joy for the Jemez people, knowing their ancestors will be allowed to be placed in harmonic balance and at peace. That brings blessings," said William Whatley, tribal preservation officer and director of the Pueblo of Jemez department of resource protection. James Bradley, director of the Robert Peabody Museum of Archaeology, said he will be glad when the tribal leaders arrive in Andover to reclaim the skeletal remains and burial objects. "When you have 2,000 sets of someone's ancestors, I don't feel comfortable with that," he said. The repatriation process began soon after the federal Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act was enacted in 1990. "We sent them a letter and said, 'We have a lot of your stuff'," said Bradley. "They said, 'We know. Let's talk'." That began years of negotiating and working out the details of a process that will end in New Mexico on the weekend of May 22 with a private reburial ceremony, then public dancing and a feast. Before 1820, Pecos Pueblo was a thriving trading center 20 miles east of Santa Fe, which interacted with the Plains Indians, Pueblos in the west and nearby Spanish communities. In the 16th century, the Spanish explorer Coronado visited Pecos in his search for the Seven Cities of Gold. Disease and warfare decimated the population, and the Pecos Pueblo moved to the Pueblo of Jemez in 1838. In 1915, Kidder went to the Southwest to try out a new archaeological technique he'd learned at Harvard called stratigraphic excavation. His dig, which lasted until 1929, became the foundation upon which all Southwestern archaeology was done, said Bradley. "It's a major chapter in archaeology moving from a gentlemanly collecting pursuit in the 19th century to a scientific discipline," said Bradley. The 2,000 skeletal remains were sent to Harvard, where anthropologists studied them in what was one of the first systematic studies of a population ever conducted, said Bradley. Today, the Pueblo of Jemez, which unlike many tribes does not have a casino, does contract computer mapping for federal and state governments, sells pottery and grows its own food. The Peabody Andover museum has for 70 years displayed the burial objects, which include pots, pipes, tools, jewelry, pendants, toys, even Oriental porcelain and pieces of Spanish ceramics. It will continue to display some of those objects. On May 20, Pueblo of Jemez leaders and Peabody Andover museum officials will sign documents transferring title of the remains and allowing many of the non-sacred burial objects to be displayed at the museum and by Pecos National Historical Park in Pecos, N.M.

POLICE ARREST TWO SUSPECTS IN HOMESTEAD ARSON 05/10/99 Two teen-agers have been arrested on suspicion of setting fire to a historic homestead, the Larimer County Sheriff's Office said Monday. Police obtained arrest warrants Friday for three suspects in the May 5 fire that destroyed the 135-year-old Strauss Cabin along the Poudre River. The third suspect remains at large. A 16-year-old boy from Fort Collins was arrested Friday and is being held on $5,000 bond at a juvenile detention center in Greeley. Jeromy Gates, 19, of Wellington turned himself in Monday morning. He is being held at the Larimer County detention center on $100,000 bond. Sheriff Jim Alderden said authorities were looking for the third suspect, a 17-year-old from Fort Collins. Search warrants executed at the homes of the two juveniles uncovered evidence of accelerants, which could have been used in an arson, Alderden said. Police believe the suspects may have been involved in another suspected arson at the old Grout House, which was built in the same era as the Strauss Cabin. George Strauss built his cabin at the east end of Horsetooth Road in 1864. Its historical significance was preserved in 1997 as the first project completed under Larimer County's open-space program. The homestead was the second-oldest structure in Fort Collins.

LIFE IN THE SADDLE AND THE HISTORIC WEST GALLOP ACROSS COLORADO 05/11/99 As a school teacher, Ken Reyher liked poetry but found that trying to extol its virtues to his students was something akin to pulling teeth. But maybe he was just looking to the wrong audience _ now that he's a "cowboy poet," people come from miles around to hear him recite a few lines of verse. "Awesome," the Olathe resident says of his lyrics' newfound popularity. Cowboy poetry is in vogue, Reyher believes, because it is a way of touching a different life, a life more closely connected with the land. "We live in a world that is so artificial," he said. Cowboy verse is a "way to connect again to our roots and heritage, and we have so few ways to do that today." Reyher's own interest in cowboy poetry stems from his fascination with history. For years, he has enjoyed taking historic walks and hikes, following the footsteps of old trappers or miners or other explorers and bringing only the clothes and essential items that people would have brought hundreds of years ago. After one such historical walk from Flagler to La Junta, a newspaper editor asked him to chronicle the expedition. That led to his eventual publication of poems as well. Reyher now writes for several publications. As a summer tour guide, he likes to "practice on the tourists" by presenting after-dinner poetry recitations. Cowboy poetry has its roots in the fourth century and the Anglo-Saxon, Celtic and Gaelic ballads of the British Isles. From the fourth century, "jump forward to 1870, and the opening of the Texas cattle trails," Reyher said. "There were young guys with nothing to do in the evenings. They'd sit around the fire and tell stories; that was their entertainment." Cowboy poetry was redefined again in 1985, when the National Endowment for the Arts provided seed money for a group seeking to tap the sources of the cowboy oral tradition. The first Elko Cowboy Poetry Gathering was held in late January of that year, and the event has continued every year since. Many people credit the Elko, Nev., gatherings with cowboy poetry's resurgence. Ray Lashley was one of the men who entertained at that first Elko gathering. This Grand Junction poet's interest in cowboy poetry was sparked by the "dime Westerns" he liked to read as a kid growing up in the Ozarks. Dime Westerns were little novels printed on paper so cheap and thin you could see the grain of the pressed wood. On the last few pages, the publisher would include a cowboy poem. Lashley easily memorized works such as "The Strawberry Roan" by Curley Fletcher, and being somewhat of a showoff, he began performing them as early as grade school. His recitations took a turn on one particular day in that little two-room schoolhouse. Sometimes on Friday afternoons, his teacher, Fred Long, would read to the class in his "fine baritone voice," and the day that Mr. Long read "The Highwaymen" is a day Lashley will never forget. Unlike the singsong approach Lashley usually heard in poem recitation, Long "paused in the right places. He emphasized the right places. His cadence, volume, rhythm of meter" worked together to create "a three-dimensional Technicolor picture of everything that was happening." "I had one chill after another going up my back," Lashley said. "I started trying to emulate him. I still do." Like Reyher, Lashley also enjoys the connection to the olden days that cowboy poetry offers. "The thinnest, finest thing I can think of is the present," he observed. "A razor-edge line separates the future from the past," and across that line, that past can't be returned. For Lashley, that past brings to mind the first crank-up telephone and days when it was an event to see an automobile go by. This background rooted his love of horses. One of his favorite poems, "Toot," was a result of his efforts to deal with grief over the death of an ornery Appalachian named Toot. One controversial subject among cowboy poets and their admirers is whether the verses should come from "real" cowboys. Reyher says he doesn't really feel qualified to write like a working cowboy. "I've only lived on the fringe," he said. "So I do a lot of historical pieces." Marshall MacElveen, a poet from Paonia, says his ranching background gives his work a kind of authenticity that non-cowboys might not have. "You don't get to be a cowboy just because you think you are," he said. "It's a lifestyle that kind of chooses you. I think a talented person could share some of the experiences and generate poetry about it, but I believe the feeling you might get from me is a different thing." MacElveen got some practice in performing his poetry during his days as an active rodeo rider. The riders, in their travels, would spend their time swapping stories, and "it might be true there was often some beer involved," he admitted. "All of us would be sharing stories about our lives and somehow I got stuck in iambic pentameter and some of mine rhymed." MacElveen now practices by writing at least a poem a day, even if most of his work ends up in the trash or never even printed out from the computer. MacElveen has thought of himself as a cowboy poet for five or six years. Asked if he would eventually like to perform his poetry to make his living, MacElveen replied, "Yes, resoundingly yes. I have no idea how to get from this point to making a living at it, but that's one of my goals." A red chili that can set your tongue aflame may stay alive in the American Southwest, thanks to the first U.S. wilderness reserve dedicated to protecting a plant. Located about 50 miles south of Tucson in the Coronado National Forest, the four-square-mile reserve shelters chiltepines as well as wild relatives of beans, cotton and gourds. Later this month the National Forest Service is to officially designate it a chili reserve. Incas, Aztecs and Mayans cherished chilis, using them to spice foods, rear children and fight battles. Native American women rubbed chiltepine powder on their nipples to wean babies, and the Incas burned chilis to create noxious smoke against European invaders. Mexican business tycoon Carlos Slim, the richest man in Mexico and an aficionado of Mexican history, bankrolls a foundation dedicated to protecting ancient artifacts and supporting historians. Attorneys for Baylor University accused an anthropology professor of behaving improperly with students - including "dancing the lambada" in Guatemala. Millions of Americans are gluttons for history and tradition. They can't get enough of what they view as meaningful links with the past. They'll spend entire vacations driving from one Civil War battlefield to another. They'll linger an extra hour in the scorching heat of Death Valley's Furnace Creek to look over the Borax Museum that displays relics from the days of 20-mule teams.


From: J. MIKE LAVERDE Friends, I need your assistance in locating Ernest B. McCluney, Ph.D. former Professor of Anthropology at TCU. In the early 1960's he did the initial archaeological work at the Joyce Well site in the southwest corner of New Mexico (referred to as the "bootheel"). Next month I begin graduate school (Anthropology) at New Mexico State University with a Field School at the Joyce Well site! Obviously we would very much like to talk with the Professor. Do any of you have any knowledge of him or his recent whereabouts? Did he have any relatives that followed him into the world of anthropology? Any help you might offer would be greatly appreciated.

From: Steve Lekson lekson@stripe.Colorado.EDU Eugene B. McCluney actually worked for me at Lab of Anthro some years ago, supposedly sprucing up his Joyce Wells ms. Dave Philips arranged for funding (Dave might know where Gene is today). Nothing resulted from his work at LA, and Gene left the Santa Fe area for Texas(?). If you find him, or if anybody knows where Gene is, please let me know, too. He was curator at the CU Museum long ago, and we have more of his orphaned collections (a big Jornada pithouse village project that I'd write up, if I could find any notes...)

From: Anthony Klesert (regarding $4.25 per word - Yeah it seems ridiculous, and I'd never pay such scalper's fees. But on the other hand, I tried for over a year to sell a '64 1/2 Mustang over the internet, at various free sites, and all I got was curious nibbles, no serious buyers, just cruisers wasting my time. I finally bit the bullet and paid for a tiny ad ($25 for one issue) in Mustang & Ford Traders Mag, and once it hit the stands (which took a few months; seemed like forever) I sold that sucker for the asking price in less than a week. So the lesson I learned, altho I don't know exactly why it's so, is that there's still something different about the printed hard copy page. Tony Klesert, Director Navajo Nation Archaeology Department (NNAD) Box 689 Window Rock, AZ 86515

[ SWA's "Opportunities" web page carries professional employment notices, and volunteer opportunites like USFS Passports In Time, our AAS-SWA Historic Markers project, links to Department of Interior volunteer pages, the shovelbums list, etc. No charge. ]

From: Roger A Moore Moore Anthropological Research I am looking for information on Vicks Jars and on the makers marks associated with these jars. The company that currently owns Vicks does not have much information. If you have any information or know any good references, please contact Roger Moore at:

From: Joanne Miller Received from NCSHPO 5/12/99: The Council staff (Sharon Conway, says the Section 106 regulations will be published on May 17, 1999, for effect on June 18, 1999.