NEW EVIDENCE SUGGESTS WELLS FARGO COVERED UP PANCHO VILLA ROBBERY 05/04/99 Mexican bandit and revolutionary Francisco "Pancho" Villa paid Wells Fargo to cover up a robbery, according to documents recently acquired by a university library. Villa, who helped lead a successful overthrow of Mexico's dictatorship in the first years of this century, stole 122 bars of silver from a Wells Fargo train during the spring of 1913, according to documents discovered by University of California library curator Walter Brem. "This is a real find," Brem said. "It's a real smoking gun. It documents an event that historians have treated warily." Brem was expected to present his findings _ letters written by Wells Fargo personnel about the April 9, 1913, robbery in Chihuahua, Mexico _ at the library Tuesday. Brem said a letter from the Wells Fargo shipping subsidiary in El Paso, Texas, details Villa's attack, during which Villa and 25 of his 200 rebels boarded the train and made off with the silver. The army reportedly killed one man who possessed enemy military orders. Brem said that after the robbery, Villa found it impossible to sell the silver contraband, so he brokered a deal to sell the silver back to the banking company for $50,000 cash. At the time the silver was worth about $160,000. Villa agreed not to steal any more Wells Fargo property, and the bank decided to keep the theft and subsequent buyback secret, according to Brem. He suspects the bank didn't go public with the deal, so it wouldn't be seen as aiding a revolutionary and so others wouldn't copy Villa. Brem said Villa ultimately returned only 93 of the missing silver bars, claiming 28 were stolen by his men. Villa continued to lead his rebel army until his death about 10 years after the train heist. At Dog Canyon, visitors have carried away the important arrowheads and scrapers that could date the activities in the area, but remaining are hints that these things existed: leftovers chipped from a rock used for arrowheads, clumps of stuff that no tourist would ever guess was significant. This unique biological habitat was the place of intense scrutiny this weekend by an assortment of specialists. Christy Comer, of the State Parks Department, based in Santa Fe, was the archaeologist. She and a small team of volunteers canvassed the area around the public camp sites for evidence of ancient cultures. The Gateway Park complex will now house the Farmington Museum and serve as an information center for tourists and residents in the Four Corners area. Schools like Ha:Sań fill an important niche. Here, the only foreign language offered is Tohono O'odham. A tribal elder is the adviser for a botany class where learning planting songs is part of the coursework. And restoring a Hohokam pit house was a project for the service learning class. Today's museums have become dynamic institutions that allow visitors to explore the universe from their hometowns, much as the Internet allows browsers to travel the world online. Unlike the virtual world of the computer, museums give visitors an close, personal look at authentic artifacts that preserve history and define culture. "What a museum offers that nobody else does are the real things," said Tempe Historical Museum administrator Amy Douglass. "You're looking at the genuine article." At Pueblo Grande Museum, children can attend two-week sessions of the Hohokam Experience -- everything from archaeology digs to Native American storytelling. Information: (602) 495-0901. The journey home begins early Thursday morning in a spare, windowless room in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History. Chief Egan and his brother-in-law were killed in an ambush in the last major war between Northwest tribes and the U.S. government. Army surgeons send his skull, and that of his brother-in-law, to the Army Medical Museum in Washington, D.C. The museum, which began in 1862 to study the war wounds of Civil War soldiers, eventually will amass a collection of Native American remains that reaches an estimated 3,000. After the skulls of Chief Egan and Charlie arrive, museum staff drill holes in them for mounting, affix labels and use a nail and wire to hold the jaws in place. The remains of Chief Egan and Charlie sit in government cabinets for the next 121 years.

MINNEAPOLIS--(BUSINESS WIRE)--May 4, 1999-- On May 12, the National Museum of Natural History debuts its $40.6 million Discovery Center, an 80,000 square-foot, multi-level, educational complex built within the walls of the original museum. Working within rigorous guidelines set forth by the State Historic Preservation Office, the National Capitol Planning Commission, The Council of Fine Arts and the Smithsonian's Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation, the architects were presented a host of unique challenges: -- To place the new building inside a courtyard of the original 1910 structure without depending on support from any existing wall or foundation -- To guarantee, through study and design, that the original structure would in no way be compromised by its new neighbor -- To respect, yet complement, the classic Beaux-Arts style -- To use special monitors and sensors to ensure that vibrations caused by demolition and construction would pose no risk to priceless artifacts -- To create, on a relatively small site, spaces large enough to accommodate vast numbers of visitors -- To devise ingenious means of acoustical isolation and absorption as well as unique air-handling systems -- To formulate and draft all construction documents in metric scale (The Discovery Center is the first Smithsonian Institution project to meet compliance on a metric conversion bill signed by President George Bush).

M2 US DOD: Department of Defence environmental security awards; Department of the Air Force . Vandenberg AFB, Calif., was presented the Cultural Resources Management, Installation Award for establishing a relationship with the Chumash Indians, cultivating respect for their traditional grounds, and allowing them access for hunting, fishing, plant collecting and sacred ceremonial activities. They also developed a geographical information system to alert base planners about structures with historic, Cold War or archaeological significance. Officials are assessing the possibility of reburying the remains at the original site. The discovery initially brought out many looters who rummaged through the remains, destroying some in the process. The reburial process may begin in about a month after a careful analysis of the site by archaeologists. Culture Shock - WHEN THE PORTUGUESE explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral first stepped on Brazilian soil, on the coast of Bahia, in April of 1500, the country had five million Indians, scattered among nine hundred tribes. They spoke 1,175 languages, and except for the usual tribal skirmish they were peaceful people. After five centuries of getting themselves "civilized" by Europeans, the Indian population had been decimated. Only 270,000 survived in 206 tribes using 170 languages. The Testament, by JOHN GRISHAM Climbers sent a tissue sample for testing to prove the remains were those of the British explorer lost in 1924. Other artifacts were taken from the body, including "written materials" and a broken rope that strongly suggests Mallory plunged to his death in the ill-fated summit attempt. The expedition plans to make another ascent searching for Andrew Irvine's body and a pocket camera that could rewrite history. 101 Uses for Mummies: During the 19th century, a paper manufacturer ground up ancient Egyptian mummies and turned them into high-quality butcher paper, according to Cairo-based mummy expert Saleema Ikram.