Got CALICHE? AAC Spring Meeting April 9th
( The Value of Bioarchaeology And Hope For Its Future ) Utah Prehistory Week & Preservation Month May, 1999 Colorado Archaeology and Historic Preservation Week May 8-16, 1999 New Mexico Heritage Preservation Week May 8-16, 1999

MARRIOTT-SLATERVILLE TRYING TO PROTECT HISTORICAL HERITAGE 03/22/99 SALT LAKE CITY The tiny town of Marriott-Slaterville is battling Ogden officials to protect what city officials call a historical heritage in the face of development of the Defense Depot Ogden site. History buffs and town officials want to commemorate where the original transcontinental railroad tracks ran, a spur of the Oregon Trail leading to Idaho, a World War II prison camp and a pioneer Mormon fort. "The Golden Spike is part of Ogden's very symbol," said Marriott-Slaterville City Attorney Duncan Murray, referring to the Central Pacific-Union Pacific railroad connection at Promontory, to the northwest. "Why would they want to just throw that away?" But Ogden officials are eager to develop the Defense Depot Ogden, which the Army sold to the city earlier this year for $5.9 million. Ogden officials hope to develop DDO into a business and industrial park attracting as many as 10,000 jobs in 15 years. "It's an opportunity to diversify the regional economy away from dependence on government jobs," said Mike Pavich, Ogden's executive director of redevelopment. Closure of DDO took 2,500 military jobs from the city. The old track and nearly all of the pre-World War II buildings are gone. In all, DDO's buildings are unremarkable. With no signs of a pioneer heritage, Pavich questions if Marriott-Slaterville is raising a fuss to get back some of 1,100 acres the Army bought from residents of the then-unincorporated town decades ago. "We know we've lost (the land)," said Murray. "They got it fair and square. But just because they got the land, why does that mean they can't involve us?" Murray said the debate is another example of the futile efforts to get some say in the DDO development. He said the city would settle for a seat on a commission that guides DDO development. Fred Oates, mayor of Harrisville, just north of Marriott-Slaterville, proposes a more ambitious memorial to the area's pioneer past. He wants a tourist train linking downtown Ogden with the Golden Spike National Historic Site at Promontory. The line would run through DDO and other area historic sites. ""All it would take is some cooperation and this would really be a jewel for the West," said Oates. Ogden officials say they have determined it would cost $32 million to build such a train line, and it is not a viable idea. Bill Morris, formerly a member of the old Marriott Township's Planning Commission, said his city, Farr West, Harrisville and Weber County may sue Ogden demanding more consideration to the site's history. But Kathleen Mallis, base-transition coordinator for the DDO, said the government is not susceptible to a lawsuit since it has contracted for a historic-sites study, held public hearings and got the go-ahead from state and federal historic-preservation offices. "The government has met its (legal) requirements," Mallis said.

ISOLATED NAVAJOS FINALLY GET ELECTRICITY 03/22/99 ANETH, Utah The 20th century is finally arriving to a corner of the Navajo Reservation. Comfortable manufactured homes dot the reservation. Late-model cars and pickups are parked nearby. Yet running water and telephones are scarce in this desert of canyons and mesas in southeastern Utah. Now, the last residents on the Utah side of the reservation are getting electricity. What others do without thinking _ flipping a switch to light a room, turning on an oven to cook dinner _ the Claw family knows as remarkable. The day in January that Utah Power crews ran a mile-long line to his house, Julius Claw drove 50 miles east to Cortez, Colo., to stock up on 100-watt bulbs. "It was so bright inside our house," Darlene Claw said. "I still could not believe it two days after it was on." The Claws celebrated by throwing a Super Bowl party. Friends and relatives gathered in their comfortably furnished home to cheer the Denver Broncos, crowded around a big-screen television not used since they moved to the mesa four years ago. Their children, two boys, ages 16 and 13, and a girl, 11, hardly believed they were watching television in their home. The Claws are among the last 10 to 15 percent of families on the Utah side of the reservation to receive electricity, said Wilbur Capitan of the Aneth Chapter of the Utah Navajo. Although Glen Canyon Dam and the Navajo Power Plant supply electricity throughout the West, and lie within 150 miles of the mesa, bringing power to the last dark pockets of the Utah reservation has been tortuous. The project that brought power to the Claws includes 22 families scattered from Cajon Mesa a few miles north of Aneth to the Colorado state line to the San Juan River that snakes through the reservation. Running power lines through canyons and desert will cost $230,000 when the current project is finished, Capitan estimated. For individual homes, the cost can reach almost $30,000, depending on the distance and work required. To get electricity, families first must receive home-site leases from the tribe. The leases give families the right to locate a home on the reservation. Then they apply for electricity, which means paperwork. Getting applications through the tribal bureaucracy and the Bureau of Indian Affairs can take years. After that, the tribe must find money to pay for the power-line extensions, usually through a combination of federal grants, the Navajo trust fund _ money set aside for the tribe from oil royalties and other sources _ and contributions. After that, land disputes between tribal members can delay applications for years. "People don't understand the process," Capitan said. "They think it happens overnight."

WYOMING COMPANY SUES FOREST SERVICE OVER PROTECTION OF INDIAN SITE 03/21/99 SHERIDAN, Wyo. A timber company is suing the U.S. Forest Service over its protection of an Indian religious site in the Bighorn Mountains. Wyoming Sawmills contends the agency jeopardized logging and other development when it banned timber hauling on a road near the Medicine Wheel in the Bighorn National Forest. The ban was part of a preservation plan the Forest Service signed with the tribes in 1996 to protect the Medicine Wheel, a stone wheel-like structure where Indian ceremonies are held. The company claims the agency is advancing religious desires contrary to the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. It also says the Forest Service failed to disclose the full effects of the plan or carefully consider how it would affect logging. The plan encompasses 18,000 acres of public land within sight of the Medicine Wheel. The company appealed the plan after it was signed, but the Forest Service denied the appeal in 1997. In its lawsuit filed last month, Wyoming Sawmills contends the plan effectively banned all logging northeast of the Medicine Wheel, as well as outside the region. It also objects to the plan's requirement that the Forest Service consult with the tribes before going ahead with projects that could be visible from the wheel. The lawsuit seeks to overturn the plan and prevent the Forest Service from limiting forest uses for religious purposes. The suit was filed in U.S. District Court in Cheyenne. Dave Myers, Medicine Wheel District ranger for the Forest Service, said his agency has struggled to balance cultural concerns with the Forest Service's multiple use mandate. Wyoming Sawmills is represented by the Mountain States Legal Foundation, a nonprofit group dedicated to protecting multiple uses of public land.

What to see and do in Bisbee: Getting there: Bisbee is located about 100 miles southeast of Tucson. Drive east on Interstate 10 until you reach Benson _ about 45 miles _ then get on U.S. 80 and continue south through Tombstone to Bisbee. The Queen Mine: Former miners lead underground tours of what was once the second largest copper mine in the world. Visitors ride in rail cars during the 75-minute tours, which are offered five times daily. A slicker, hard hat and light packs like those miners wear are provided, but bring a sweater or jacket to wear underneath even in summer _ the mine is a brisk 47 degrees year round. Tour prices: $8 for adults, $3.50 for children ages 7-11, $2 for ages 3-6; children under 3 admitted free. Information: (520) 432-7071. Historic district and surface mine tours: A narrated van tour takes visitors to the leaching plant, mine shafts, atop dumps, around the perimeter of the Lavender Pit, and through Bisbee to see turn-of-the-century Victorian architecture. Tour prices: $7 per person, free to children under 3. Information: (520) 432-5421. Historic walking tour: A guide leads visitors through Bisbee's historic neighborhoods and shares anecdotal stories about the city. Tours offered at 10:30 a.m. and 2 p.m. daily. Tour prices: $7 per person. Information: (520) 432-5421. Festivals: There's a festival for every season in Bisbee, including Brewery Gulch Days, the Bisbee Poetry Festival, Bisbee Art Festival, Bisbee Mineral Show and the Fiber Arts Festival. Information: Bisbee Chamber of Commerce, P.O. Box B.A., Bisbee, Ariz. 85603. Telephone: (520) 432-5421. The BLM will limit wagon train re-enactments for the sesquicentennial of the California Gold Rush of 1849. Plans call for limiting the number of support vehicles and the size of the trains, to minimize damage to the historic trails of California-bound gold seekers and Pioneers. Jerald Milanich has found that Indians played a great role in the colonization of La Florida. The anthropologist is author of "Laboring in the Fields of the Lord: Spanish Missions and Southeastern Indians." A man fishing in about three feet of water north of Jefferson snagged a partly intact human skull. Who killed Meriwether Lewis?