DUO DELVES INTO HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE OF LOVELAND STRUCTURES 03/10/99 With an eye toward preserving Loveland's past, city officials have hired two historians to perform an inventory of all buildings that are more than 150 years old. Jason Marmor and Carl McWilliams, who have done similar surveys in Fort Collins and Boulder County, plan to drive down every street in the Loveland area to do their "windshield survey." The survey will identify pockets of historical significance, potentially protecting them from development, and create an inventory to be used by future researchers. The cultural resource historians have been hired by the city's Cultural Services Department. With the help of information from the county assessor, they will list a brief description of each building. Later in the year, the two Fort Collins historians will choose 100 buildings for an intensive study. The eventual result will be some form of published document and brochure. Both parts of the historical survey are being paid for by a grant from the Colorado Historical Society, which distributes money levied on Colorado casinos. Marmor and McWilliams, who both have master's degrees in historic preservation, have surveyed 25 percent of the city, and they already have about 300 properties on their list. With so much ground to cover, the two historians can only spend about 30 seconds on each building. Nevertheless, the historians want property owners to know what they are doing. Marmor joked that nobody has shot at them, yet. "A lot of people want to take part and are proud of their buildings," McWilliams said. "That's fine, because we want to foster that type of interest and enthusiasm." A progress report will be given at the May 17 meeting of the Loveland Historical Society. Downtown Development Authority Director Sharon Chase wants the intensive part of the study to focus on downtown. One result could be that downtown Loveland would be listed as a district on the National Register of Historic Places, just like Old Town Fort Collins. Chase already has begun researching what grants would become available for improving the area if downtown were to become listed as a historic district. Loveland's only two buildings on the National Register of Historic Places are downtown: the Rialto Theater, built in 1919, and the Loveland Depot, built in 1902. Loveland's unofficial historian, Zethyl Gates, is pleased the inventory is being completed. She said a smaller survey was completed by a group of residents in 1977 to coincide with Loveland's centennial celebration.

HUNDREDS ATTEND CEREMONY COMMEMORATING VILLA RAID ON COLUMBUS 03/10/99 It was a day for friendship, a day for goodwill. It also was a day some residents of this border town didn't see as fitting to commemorate. Tuesday was the anniversary of Pancho Villa's 1916 raid on Columbus _ the last time a foreign power made an incursion into the continental United States. Stores were looted, buildings were burned and 18 Americans, along with at least 90 Villista riders, were killed during that attack 83 years ago. But the group of about 50 Mexican horsemen who rode north from the border toward Columbus on Tuesday had a far different purpose. "This is a march of remembrance, not an attack on the United States," said Allen Rosenberg, one of the Columbus organizers who invited members of Mexican riding clubs to retrace Villa's trek _ a ride to Columbus from Hacienda San Geronimo in Mexico over the course of 10 days. A group of 10 Americans, wearing period military uniforms and representing the Columbus-based 13th Memorial Horse Cavalry, rode with the Mexicans, carrying the American flag. It was the first time the cavalcade, organized as part of a commemorative ceremony, has been staged. But some Columbus refused to participate, saying it would appear to glorify Villa and the attack. The head of the American Legion Post No. 1916 in Columbus, whose members declined to provide a color guard for the commemorative events held at Pancho Villa State Park, compared the cavalcade to a Japanese flyover of Pearl Harbor. The Columbus Historical Society also declined to be involved. The Historical Society will hold more low-key events at Pancho Villa State Park on Saturday, including the recitation of the names of the Americans who died in the Villa raid. "I still don't comprehend exactly why they did it," said Historical Society president Ed Beck Jr., who said he noticed the cavalcade from his real estate office window. "If they are trying to eliminate a feeling of hostility or resentment, I never sensed any." But many people did attend, and they lined the streets of Columbus to greet the riders. Once the cavalcade arrived at the park, people applauded loudly as Columbus Mayor Ken Riley, who promises a bigger event next year, said, "It's time to forget the past and to start dealing with the present." Phoebe Watson, an 87-year-old retired school principal who was living about 15 miles from Columbus at the time of the raid, also spoke. "We've been practicing hands across the border and friendship across the border for many years, even before it became popular," she said. But the speakers who received the most rousing applause were a group of Columbus Elementary School students. "We are the children of two countries. We want to thank you for coming to make history in a place where once there was war," said 11-year-old Eric Ruiz, who lives across the border in Palomas, Mexico, but goes to school in Columbus. The festivities, which included representatives of both Gov. Gary Johnson and Chihuahua, Mexico, Gov. Patricio Martinez Garcia, attracted about 500 people. However, Pancho Villa's daughter, 85-year-old Maria Guadalupe Villa Quezada, who was scheduled to be a featured guest at the ceremonies, was not among them. Mexican officials said she did not have the proper paperwork to leave Mexico and pass through the port of entry. American and Mexican officials exchanged flags during the ceremony, and the 32-piece Chihuahua state band played the two countries' national anthems, along with revolutionary songs, such as "La Tumba Abandonada." The 1916 Villa raid precipitated an 11-month-long "punitive expedition" led by U.S. Gen. John Pershing, in which about 10,000 American troops pushed 500 miles into Mexican territory in an unsuccessful attempt to hunt Villa down. Villa's troops had helped Francisco Madero overthrow Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz. After Madero was assassinated, Villa, who had been considered friendly to the United States, was enraged when the United States threw its support behind rival Venustiano Carranza. The Las Vegas Valley Water District has plans to preserve the oldest occupied site known as the Big Springs Archaeological District. Historic barns at the Utah State Fair got a temporary reprieve. Board members violated a state law requiring consultation with the State Historic Preservation Office.,local/30dad0dc.310,.html The people at the new Sternberg Museum of Natural History are glad to have you stop by. Eric Wolf drew on archaeology, history and other fields in his 1959 book on Mexico, "Sons of the Shaking Earth." His last book, "Envisioning Power: Ideologies of Dominance and Crisis," (1999) drew parallels between the Nazi and Aztec rises to power. A Canadian in a Mexican jail is on a hunger strike protesting his looting conviction. Pascal Hudon is serving a one-year sentence for stealing Mayan artifacts. He is also faced with a $73,000 fine. Peru's colonial churches are undergoing a wave of thefts of precious paintings and artifacts, which are often smuggled and sold abroad. During the French Revolution, the yo-yo was used to relieve the tension of prisoners before they went to the guillotine.

From: Legacy: The Newsletter of the Fountain Hills and Lower Verde River Valley historical Society by Alan Cruickshank, President, Fountain Hill and Lower Verde River Valley Historical Society, P.O. Box 17445, Fountain Hills AZ 85269-7445; -- A bond election is scheduled for May 18th to fund the construction of a library and museum building in the town center. The real work will be raising an estimated $300,000 to equip the museum with interesting displays to tell the story of the history of this region of the Sonoran desert. Creating a museum that tells the history of the lower Verde Valley River area would be an attraction for our downtown area. This area's history includes the Hohokam, Yavapai migrations before they settled on the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation, the Camp McDowell army post, the trapping, ranching, and mining activities in the area, and the modern day development of the communities of Fountain Hills, Rio and Tonto Verdes and Goldfield Ranch.

The first known American to come to (the Fountain Hills) area was Ewing Young who trapped along the Salt and Verde Rivers. Near here during the 1828-1829 trapping season, Apaches ambushed Young's party, killing 20 men.