Got CALICHE http://www.swanet.org/caliche.html

HB 2397 D.O.A. at the AZ legislature; deputy state land commissioner said to be resigning position as soon as legislative session ends; 3 AZ senators and 3 AZ representatives to meet later this year to focus on existing AZ preservation statutes and possibly introduce legislation next political season; additional information pending...

SPANISH COIN GIVES CLUE TO STATE'S PAST 03/01/99 Robertson Shinnick has found a tiny piece of Georgia's past _ lost for more than 300 years. Searching the ground on this resort isle with a metal detector last fall, the 33-year-old coin collector dug a foot into the black soil and found an odd-shaped coin. "I had in my hand a small, squarish piece of copper with a strange design on it," Shinnick said. "I knew the Spanish colonial mints struck millions of silver coins, but this was obviously copper. "It was a mystery until I identified the design as the monogram of Philip IV of Spain, who reigned from 1621 to 1665." Turns out the four-maraved coin, a low-value sort of penny of its era, had been hand-forged in Spain about 1658. It isn't particularly dear to collectors _ it's worth about $65 _ but it's valuable to Georgia historians. John Worth, director of programs for the Calhoun-based Coosawattee Foundation and one of the top experts on 17th century Spanish missions along the Georgia coast, calls the coin "quite a find." He says Shinnick's coin gives a clue about the long-lost mission of Santo Domingo de Asajo, built in 1595 to convert Native Americans to Christianity. It was destroyed by English-backed slave traders in 1661, rebuilt a year later, then burned by British pirates in 1684. "There were about 30 men, women and children, and friars, but no soldiers. A small garrison of soldiers was located on nearby St. Catherine's Island," Worth says. Other traces of the early Spanish period, such as olive jars and pottery shards, have been found on St. Simons, says Worth, who's done extensive studies on the island. But coins such as the one Shinnick found are rare along the Georgia coast. Shinnick's may be the first found on St. Simons. "Its significance is in our common state heritage," Worth says. "It is a bit of actual, concrete evidence of the Spanish missions, right here in Georgia." Shinnick, a bellman at the King and Prince Resort, found the coin on private land at Hampton Point, where million-dollar mansions are being built. One side of the time-blackened coin shows the royal monogram of Philip IV and a Roman numeral for the denomination. The other shows the letters "RX" _ for "rex," or "king," according to Worth. "Because the friars couldn't touch coins, my best guess is it was dropped by a passing soldier or an Indian," says Worth, whose Coosawattee Foundation aims to protect former Native American sites in the Southeast. "It's just a good history lesson from an era that's been lost."

CAREFULLY CRAFTED DOLLS PRESERVE CUSTOMS OF NEW MEXICO'S PUEBLOS 03/06/99 A small but significant sliver of the huge collection of Pueblo dolls crafted by the late Regina Cata has been donated to the Indian Pueblo Cultural Center and is currently on display. The 28 figurines were donated by Maurine Grammer, a former local school teacher and art appraiser who has collected the dolls most of her 94 years. Museum curator Pat Reck said Grammer was one of several people who in the 1930s suggested to Cata that she make the dolls to preserve and document the traditions and customs of Pueblo ceremonial dress. This was done, Reck said, after San Ildefonso artist Tonita Pena informed Grammer that one of the ceremonial dances had been canceled because the details of the costuming had been lost. Cata, who was the wife of then-San Juan Pueblo Gov. Eulogio Cata, made a total of 1,441 dolls, each painstakingly decorated with tiny shawls, wooden headboards, feather headdresses, beaded leggings, miniature concha belts and other accessories. From cloth, Cata made buffalo dancers, basket dancers, eagle dancers and mothers cradling children, all wearing perfect replicas of clothes from ceremonies and everyday life. Museums and collectors eagerly sought out her creations. Scholars trace Pueblo culture back about two millennia. They say the Indians lived in a series of villages in the southwest, including parts of New Mexico. Over the years, Grammer collected more than 200 of the figurines, said Reck. Recently, she donated 28 of them to the museum. Grammer had long been a patron of the museum and had donated other items to its collections, she said. Twenty five of the dolls were on exhibit upstairs in the museum's "showcase" gallery, said Reck. The other three had been a special display downstairs. Soon the dolls will be incorporated into existing exhibits in the museum's main gallery which documents the past and present of New Mexico's 19 pueblos, Reck said. Though Regina Cata played a large part in the revival of San Juan Pueblo's homemaking traditions, she was not born a San Juan Indian. Her father moved to New Mexico from Casa Grande, Mexico, and raised his family near San Juan Pueblo. Regina Cata married Eulogio Cata and soon became known for her sewing, weaving, basketmaking and embroidery. She taught those subjects in the fledgling art department of the Santa Fe Indian School and later became involved in reviving the pottery and sewing traditions of the pueblo. In the course of reviving traditions, she became interested in making historically accurate dolls, first for her children and later for market. Grammer has written four books on Native American culture and is currently writing a fifth, said Reck. In previous interviews, Grammer has said she became interested in Indian culture in 1926, when she attended a Green Corn ceremony at Santo Domingo Pueblo. At the time, she was an anthropology student at the University of New Mexico. Grammer later became friends with famed San Ildefonso potter Maria Martinez and other native artists. Grammer and her late husband, the Indian rights lawyer David Grammer Sr., were among founders of the Albuquerque Public Schools Federal Credit Union, now the New Mexico Educators Credit Union. If YOU GO: The Indian Pueblo Cultural Center is located at 2401 12th NW. It is open seven days a week.

http://web3.stlnet.com/postnet/news/wires.nsf/StateRegion/757AFBFA4B6F52548625672E00509572 The museum, which recently joined the Smithsonian's Affiliations Program, is the first comprehensive national museum dedicated solely to the accomplishments of women.

http://www.nandotimes.com/noframes/story/0,2107,25718-41572-293697-0,00.html Experts believe that recolonizing the San Pedro area with beavers will improve area for other animals and will help conserve water.

http://www.bensonnews-sun.com/news/stories/99030302n.html To lure visitors into the historic downtown area, the Benson City Council calls for the city to enter into a three-year ticket promotion program. The program will be held in conjunction with Kartchner Caverns State Parks Tours. If the resolution is adopted, the city would have the say on what is printed on the back of the cave tour admission ticket.

http://www.willcoxrangenews.com/news/stories/99021704n.html Plans for the Chiricahua Regional Museum and Research Center are moving along. Some of the Apaches who originated from this area but are now guests on the Mescalero reservation have been offered a place on the board of directors of the museum in exchange for having the museum appointed as their federal repository. This would give Willcox exclusive rights to exhibit their cultural artifacts. The Apaches at Mescalero are beginning to look at the Willcox area museum as a venue of preserving their tribal identity.

http://www.theriver.com/tombstonenews/headline.html#COURT The Tombstone Courthouse State Historic Park is one of three sites involved in a pilot program to bolster heritage tourism - cultural tourism - in Arizona. The project is funded by a $47,495 grant. The 18 month long pilot process will be documented in a special workbook called the Arizona Heritage Tourism Workbook, which will be used to assist six additional museums in the state to create similar plans. The workbook will be presented at the Governor's Tourism Conference in the year 2000.

http://www.ardemgaz.com/today/ark/banwburials8.html More than 150 years after their eviction from Arkansas, the American Indian tribes that once inhabited the state will soon return the remains of their ancestors to their native soil. Plans are under way to begin interments at two "keepsafe" cemeteries for the reburial of American Indian remains from the four tribes indigenous to Arkansas -- the Quapaw, Caddo, Tunica and Osage.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/health/newsid_291000/291133.stm The mummies Dr Allison studied are from Chile's Atacama desert. He has recently done research into stool material from 30 mummies which are up to 1,800 years old. He found that six were infected with a bug called Helicobacter pylori. It has been linked to stomach cancer and ulcers.

http://www.canoe.ca/CalgaryNews/cs.cs-03-08-0003.html Kiever, 24, who studied anthropology at the University of Calgary, was one of six hostages to survive the massacre.