Pecos Conference Brian Kenny is gathering obituary notices for presentation during the 1999 Pecos Conference Business Meeting. He will compile the information and the Pecos Conference organizers usually ask David Breternitz or another esteemed colleague to memorialize our colleagues. Please send obituary notices to

ARIZONA LEAVE ARCHAEO-FINDS INTACT Leave 'em alone. We already know that's the rule when we find, say, a baby bird, coyote pup or javelina "piglet" out in the desert. The Old Pueblo Archaeology Center reminds us that the same rule also applies to arrowheads, pottery and other ancient artifacts strewn 'round these parts. Even taking those shards to an archaeologist is a no-no, since their removal from the site also erases clues as to what was going on there. Removing those artifacts also hinders identifying the site's age, since many ancient artifact styles were only used during certain eras. Instead, leave the artifact where you found it, take a picture of it, then take the picture to an archaeologist. Don't know any? No sweat. Simply call the center, at 798-1201, or look in the Yellow Pages under "Archaeologists.


CORPS OF ENGINEERS CHALLENGES MINE OWNER 06/23/99 ESPANOLA, N.M. (AP) The U.S. Corps of Engineers has accused El Guique gravel mine owner Richard Cook of mining through a potential archaeological site and failing to reclaim some areas of the gravel pit. And the Corps of Engineers said that if Cook doesn't submit an archaeological survey and proof that he's reclaimed closed mining areas within 30 days, it will suspend or revoke his federal mining permit for the site. "Reclamation of the site has been minimal and impacts to archaeological resources appear to have been disregarded," according to a June 17 letter from the agency to Cook. "We have also received many complaints from the local community over these issues." Cook said Monday he had already responded to the agency's requests. An archaeologist studied the archaeological site and determined it was minor, he said. "It's been examined thoroughly," he said. "We mined right through it. It wasn't one of those that you keep." El Guique is regulated by the Corps of Engineers because several arroyos there are considered national waterways that form part of a tributary system of the Rio Grande. Jim Wood, a regulatory project manager with the agency's Albuquerque office, said several piles of dirt at the mine site need to be graded and reseeded with a native plant mix as part of Cook's reclamation plan. Cook said work had begun on the grading. Wood visited the site with archaeologist John Schelberg on Jan. 12 and saw a potential archaeological site. Schelberg recommended it be avoided until further investigation, but during a later visit Wood found the site already mined. Even though Schelberg thought the potential site wasn't significant, Cook should have told the Corps of Engineers before mining through it, Wood said. "I feel pretty confident it wasn't anything important, if it even was an (archaeological) site," Wood said. Cook also plans to expand the mine to the north and west. Wood said that would require an additional federal permit. Cook disputes that another permit is needed, but said he will submit an application for the expansion in July if an additional permit is warranted. The Rio Arriba County Commission sued Cook last November and is seeking an injunction to halt the mining because Cook does not have a county permit to mine at El Guique. Cook contends the entire 360-acre site should be grandfathered in because it was being mined before the county's general zoning ordinance came into effect in 1995.

TEXAS About 50 American Indian elders from Oklahoma and New Mexico will travel to the Adobe Walls battlefield near Stinnett as part of the Hutchinson County Museum's 125th anniversary of the Red River Wars on Saturday. Sunday will mark the 125th anniversary of the Battle of Adobe Walls, a battle that signaled the start of the Red River Wars. The event represents a religious and cultural pilgrimage for ancestors of the Indians who fought in the battle, said Ed Benz, director of the museum.

CYBERIA She grew so excited about studying Kenya and the Masai tribe on-line that on the weekends she started going to the public library to spend more time on the Classroom Connect Web site. "It's not like Texas. They eat raw goat and drink blood," she recalls seven months later. "It was kind of gross." An anthropologist in the making.

EDUCATION SECRETARY TALKS ABOUT HISTORY INSTRUCTION, TECHNOLOGY 06/22/99 The nation's education secretary praised a new approach to history instruction and talked about children's use of technology, during a swing through Montana. Richard Riley made stops in Great Falls and Bozeman on Monday, and was accompanied by Sen. Max Baucus, D-Mont. Riley said the Montana Heritage project has given students a new appreciation of history, and every state should follow Montana's lead by adopting a similar program. He made the remark at a gathering of educators in Great Falls. Students who have participated in the Montana Heritage project include Todd Kitto of Broadwater High School in Townsend. Speaking at the conference, Kitto said he and other students visited a museum; read letters written in the 1930s; examined clippings from 50-year-old newspapers; and photographed businesses that withstood the test of time. Riley said the Montana Heritage project is successful because it makes education immediate, interesting and unique. "You help young people discover what is personal - the history of their families, their communities and their surroundings - and in so doing, you link them to the richness of Montana's history," said Riley. Last year, there were 20 Montana Heritage projects in classrooms across the state. In Bozeman, Riley addressed the Montana Behavioral Initiative conference, which drew about 800 educators and parents of children. Life for children is much more complex than it used to be, and technology is a leading contributor to the complexity, said Riley, 66 and a father of four. He said limits on use of the technology should not be imposed, but children should be taught responsible use. He called on parents to take a more active interest in their sons and daughters, but added that raising children is the job of entire communities.