CALIFORNIA Macko--an anthropologist who does work for Orange County government and the Irvine Co.--copied a boat-making technique used Hundreds of years ago by West Coast Native Americans. Macko graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Md. and earned a master's degree in anthropology at UC Santa Barbara. Macko's gift of the boat has sent ripples of pride among Juanenos, who historically have been more tied to inland Northern San Diego County tribes than to the Chumash in the north.

ARIZONA Tray Mead is watching space double. He nearly runs out of breath describing all the changes at the Mesa Southwest Museum.

NEW MEXICO Nearly every Navajo family maintains a hogan, the eight-sided log and mud structure that has been the traditional Navajo home and is now used primarily for weddings and religious ceremonies. And tourists fascinated by Navajo culture are willing to pay to live like a traditional Navajo for a night.

NEW DIRECTOR NAMED FOR FARM AND RANCH HERITAGE MUSEUM 06/18/99 LAS CRUCES, N.M. (AP) _ Mac R. Harris, a 20-year veteran of museum development and management in Oklahoma and Arizona, was named Thursday as director of the New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum. Harris was the choice of the Museum Board and won the recommendation of J. Edson Way, head of the New Mexico Office of Cultural Affairs. Gov. Gary Johnson gave final approval to Harris, the governor's office announced Thursday. "I'm just thrilled to have him," said Max Evans, the New Mexico novelist who wrote "The Hi-Lo Country" and "The Rounders" and who also is president of the museum's Foundation Board. "The timing is exactly right. ... With that team in place, I'm feeling extremely confident that we'll live up to the international appeal that this installation deserves. I think we're ready to really go." The Foundation Board also selected Nigel Holman, a British anthropologist who has been designing exhibits for the museum, as executive director of the foundation, Evans reported Thursday. Harris is the first permanent director of the museum since Way held the post prior to his promotion to the Office of Cultural Affairs. Harris replaces acting museum director Ellen Campbell. "Mac's valuable experience with historical societies and museums, combined with his extensive knowledge of the Southwest and marketing strengths make him an ideal leader for the continued development of the Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum," Way said in a statement released by the governor's office. "His background outside of New Mexico _ in Arizona and Oklahoma _ should enhance the regional dimension of our museum." Harris most recently served as executive director of the Cherokee National Historical Society in Tahlequah, Okla., where he oversaw redesign of the Cherokee National Museum and led the fund-raising campaign for its "Trail of Tears" exhibition. He also directed the Sharlot Hall Historical Society and Museum in Prescott, Ariz., from 1991-94, and the Maricopa County Historical Society and its Desert Caballeros Western Museum in Wickenburg, Ariz., from 1985-91. Harris also served as an administrator at the Oklahoma Historical Society. He holds a master's degree in history from Oklahoma State University. The Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum has been open since May 1998. Next month, its major exhibit _ "The River of Time" _ is due to open, tracing agriculture in New Mexico over the past 3,000 years. Cattle barons John Chisum and Charles Goodnight are among ranchers mentioned in the exhibit. From the gleaming tractors, antique pickup trucks, rusting horse-drawn plows, planters, cutters and hay balers, to the saddles of the Spanish vaquero and the American cowhand, the museum tells the real down-to-earth story of the West. Live longhorn cattle toss their heads in museum corrals, and dairy cattle take turns giving milking demonstrations for schoolchildren who then get to bottle-feed the calves. The heart of the museum is the 70,000-square-foot main building. Large exhibit wings branch off the entry hall with its monumental fireplace, an elk's head over the mantelpiece and a cougar mounted high on a lintel shelf. A 144-seat indoor theater has a deep stage that doubles as a dance floor. There's also a 400-capacity outdoor amphitheater, plus corrals and other outdoor display and demonstration venues on the 47-acre site. The museum has a full-service restaurant and catering facilities. The gift shop is about to open. In its first year the museum had about 40,000 to 60,000 visitors, museum officials have said.

TEXAS The Chisholm Trail," Wayne Gard's definitive 1954 history, includes a map showing the Chisholm Trail bypassing Waco to the west and crossing the Brazos significantly upstream from Waco. The fencing of the open range with barbed wire and the extension of rail service into Texas ended the trail drives by 1884, but the brief era of the Cattle Kingdom left a lasting mark on Texas.

NATIONAL An archaeological dig focused on a Chinese merchant's store has uncovered artifacts that are more than 100 years old. Jose Salema, the owner of more than a dozen Dunkin' Donuts in the area, may be feeling a bit battered and bruised these days. The reason: His plans to demolish two 19th-century houses to make way for a fifth donut shop in the city has become the object of angry criticism in this community. The ashes of a house fire 120 years ago have preserved important clues to life in this part of the Shenandoah Valley during the 18th and 19th centuries, according to a Virginia archaeologist. After months of design disputes, the federal government's Commission on Fine Arts gave a unanimous go-ahead Thursday to plans for the National Museum of the American Indian on the National Mall. Groundbreaking is expected in the fall, with opening scheduled for 2002, next to the popular Smithsonian Institution's Air and Space Museum. Cost is estimated at $110 million. Ask members of the House to oppose H.R. 1487, a bill that would weaken presidential authority under the Antiquities Act to proclaim and protect significant public lands as national monuments in cases of imminent exploitative threats. While the legislation appears benign at first glance, its passage would severely weaken the Antiquities Act.

CYBERIA When Spanish explorers first encountered Mayan cities in Central America in the 1500s, one of the most astonishing sights they found was a complicated, highly ritualized ball game played on stone-rimmed courts as long as a football field, which sometimes ended with human sacrifices (nobody is quite sure whether it was the winners or the losers). What amazed the invaders most was the large bouncy ball used in the game. Participant observation has been a hallmark of anthropology since the days of the discipline's patriarch, Franz Boaz. By being there and hanging out, essentially, and participating in their daily lives, we begin to understand what it is to be a Kwakiutl or a Samoan or an Apache. Sex in the field is frowned on by the majority of anthropologists. But a vocal minority argue that having sex while out in the field exemplifies the anthropological technique of participant observation.