SWA is THINKING about "de-linking" Got CALICHE subscriptions and the E-mail list Instead, SWA might require the same information to sign up to get SASIG or Got CALICHE? messages, but we would not publish the data on the web, nor would we give the information or sell the information to anyone else. We would collect address and phone numbers and affiliations and interests, etc, as we do now, so that we can contact subscribers when e-mail starts bouncing, and, to verify that we are dealing with real people and not 'ringers' or 'sleepers'. The hypertext e-mail list might become a directory of professional and avocational SW archaeologist who do not mind publishing their contact information to promote promote archaeological business and communication. PLEASE let me know how you feel about the possible policy change. Would it make a difference for you professionally and would it provide you with greater on-line privacy?

UTAH Army officials took time away from their usual routine of destroying chemical weapons Wednesday, paying homage to 13 early Utah settlers buried in a newly "renovated" cemetery on a remote Tooele County hilltop. For an hour at the Desert Chemical Depot, as the Army installation is officially known, about 100 people, including incineration workers and local settlers' descendants, gathered in the desert for the "Johnson Historical Cemetery Rededication Ceremony." It was an unlikely sight at a tiny cemetery named for the Johnson Ranch, part of the Rush Valley property the Army took over in 1942. Depot workers, starting in May 1997, volunteered their time to restore the cemetery. In all, the remnants of 13 pioneers, including the two children, were found with the help of ground-searching radar equipment that could analyze the soil texture without disturbance.


LIVING HISTORY TOUR SHOWS PRESCOTT'S ROOTS 06/09/99 PRESCOTT, Ariz. (AP) It was along the lush banks of Lynx Creek in the early 1860s that the Walker party discovered gold _ the precious metal that eventually led settlers of all persuasions to establish the first territorial capital of Arizona, Prescott, near Lynx Lake. This summer, the Highland Center for Natural History is sponsoring a living history tour that sweeps visitors back 100 years at Lynx Creek, "a place that was one of the quietest on earth _ the Arizona Territory, established in 1863," according to tour guide Jody Drake. Visitors can step into the shoes of a costumed homesteader, prospector or naturalist who tell of settling this wild territory and of its virgin beauty. Guided by Drake as Prescott historian Sharlot Hall, living history visitors wind a path into yesterday along a natural dirt trail, through a light underbrush of grasses and pine needles, with the musty chocolate smell of Ponderosas strong in the warmed air and the sound of twittering birds in sunlight-dappled oaks. Drake stops on the trail and motions the group to look at a redheaded woodpecker, its black and white body blending in shadow with the tree branches. Through stands of pine, the strains of a banjo rings out. Arizona Charlie strums the instrument to the words of Sharlot Hall's poetry as visitors pass. The notes of "You Are My Sunshine," fade into the trail behind as Drake cautions the group to, "Keep an eye out for Native Americans" _ those "people of the sun," the Yavapai, who led a simply life until the advent of the white man. "Don't fool yourselves, they're out there," she says. John Miller, hunter, mountain man and gold panner stands in fringed buckskin by the banks of the creek telling of the pull of gold _ the gold that lured adventurers to the pristine wilderness of Lynx Creek. He talks of how pioneers coped with the dangers of wild animals and Indians and tells of the impact of early non-natives on the land. Miller was from Illinois and a member of the Joe Walker party _ the first group of white men to inhabit what would become Prescott. As Miller weaves his historical tale, Lynx Creek glistens in the early morning light; a gentle creek fed by seeping springs and melting snow originating in the Bradshaw Mountains and finding its way, one drop at a time, to the granite-lined creek bed. The next tour stop is Mary Ramos, homesteader, raiser of goats and boarding house owner. In homespun dress with a flour sack apron, Ramos shares some old-fashioned hospitality along with secrets of basic survival and how to use nature's herbs and berries in such an undeveloped land. Yellow dock, venison, horehound, wild walnuts, currants and wild grapes were on her menu. "Juniper berries can be eaten raw or cooked and the oil used to soothe feet," she added. "Eat raw, dry them, or make a drink from Manzanita berries." Elliott Coues, an army surgeon and naturalist who was stationed at Fort Whipple, stands ready to describe the wild animals, plants and natural resources of the area in 1865. The Natural Heritage Adventures were a brainchild of Faith Roelofs of the Highlands Center. "I thought, `Gee, this would be a good idea and easy,"' she said. "That was two years ago." Though the project turned out to be far more difficult and time-consuming that Roelofs initially thought, she says it was well-worth the effort. "We have three goals," Drake said. "To show people how the land was, the impact of early settlers on it, and finally, to hopefully understand our own impact on the land _ so we can walk tall into the future. "I may return to the place of my birth, but the land cannot return to her youth," she quotes Hall as saying. Expansion plans could include knocking down still more relics of Phoenix's industrial past. What downtown does need - desperately - is a link to its past. Buildings that the county expects to tear down admittedly are not on anyone's historic register. But that doesn't mean their value is nil. Every dusty old pile of bricks knocked down for a jail or a morgue or a parking structure is a load of life extracted from Phoenix's future. Somewhere, sometime, someone has to step forward and draw a chalk line in the street and say, "No further. "This city's future starts here."


BUSINESSES TO PAY FINES IN AGREEMENT WITH AG 06/08/99 SANTA FE (AP) Three businesses will pay a combined $20,000 in fines to end lawsuits that accused them of misrepresenting the authenticity of American Indian arts and crafts. Sunrise Jewelry in Santa Fe agreed to $10,000 in fines and two El Prado businesses, Camino Real Imports & Gift Shop and Casa Cristal Pottery, will pay $5,000 each in agreements approved last month with the attorney general's office. The stores did not admit any wrongdoing, but under the settlements they agreed to comply with the state Indian Arts and Crafts Sales Act and not misrepresent merchandise as authentic Indian, Indian handmade or made from natural materials. The attorney general's office sued six businesses in February. Lawsuits remain pending against Gallup Indian Plaza, Taos Drums and El Zarape in El Prado. FBI agents posing as shoppers went to Sunrise and were told several pieces were made of natural material by a Zuni family known for its fetishes and carvings. But the pieces weren't made by that family and tests revealed some materials were plastic, the lawsuit said. Undercover investigators from the attorney general's office posing as shoppers at the three El Prado businesses and Gallup Indian Plaza told clerks they were interested only in authentic Indian-made jewelry and crafts. The lawsuits said, however, pieces sold to the undercover agents were not made by Indians or were not made of natural materials. The lawsuits are part of the Native American Arts and Crafts Investigation and Prosecution Project, funded through a $150,000 appropriation from the Legislature.

TEXAS Vogt and eight other Boerne storytellers will line the streets of downtown Friday to talk about Boerne's history as part of the city's Sesquicentennial celebration. Storytellers have chosen historic monuments, such as the old courthouse, city hall and the plaza, as the backdrops for their stories. Each story will last approximately 10 minutes. Stories cover the beginning of the city's 150-year history, from the three major American Indian tribes who first settled the area and were forced to leave in the early 1800s to the migration of Mexicans in the early 1900s. Mrs. O'Reilly almost "single-handedly" shepherded through the Dallas City Council an innovative preservation package that included tax incentives and ways to streamline city requirements when renovating old buildings, said Virginia McAlester, a founder of the Historic Preservation League. The package is a national model for how cities can encourage development that doesn't destroy history, said Ms. McAlester, and it "caused hundreds of millions of dollars of development for Dallas. They've been used to restore warehouses downtown, the Sears building, the American Beauty Mill, Uptown, the Kirby and Magnolia buildings."

CYBERIA An analysis by the National Trust for Historic Preservation found that, "dollar for dollar," historic preservation is one of the highest job-generating economic development options available. These dividends take a variety of forms. Preservation is labor-intensive, creating demand for a wide range of construction jobs. After construction, the benefits continue in the form of new businesses that create more jobs and rehabilitated homes and buildings that improve neighborhoods.

RIDERS SET OUT ON PONY EXPRESS TRAIL 06/09/99 ST. JOSEPH, Mo. (AP) The thunder of galloping horses returns to the Pony Express Trail this week as a team of modern-day cowboys begins hauling a mailbag along the historic 2,000-mile route from St. Joseph to Sacramento, Calif. Fourteen-year-old Richard King of Stewartsville kicked off the annual trail ride Tuesday, dashing off on horseback from St. Joseph with the mailbag slung over his horse's back. He handed the bag off to a second rider waiting four miles down the trail in Elwood, Kan. A series of riders will follow the old Pony Express Trail through Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada and stop in California June 18. Gary Chilcote, vice president of the National Pony Express Association, which sponsors the ride, said most riders of the original 1860s Pony Express mail service were young and lightweight like Richard. "They wanted young, skinny, wiry, fellows because the horse carried 20 pounds of mail. You put a 100-pound kid on there and that's about all a horse could handle going across the country," Chilcote said. This year's 550 riders range in age from 14 to 88 and are from the United States, Germany and the Czech Republic. The riders will carry 1,200 commemorative letters around the clock to Sacramento. The mail's arrival will mark the start of Rail Fair at the California Railroad Museum. The celebration is scheduled in conjunction with the unveiling of the U.S. Postal Service's commemorative Gold Rush Stamp. Richard is no stranger to the Pony Express tradition. His parents, John and Suzanne King, have been participating in the rides for more than a decade, and Richard has fired the cannon to signal the start of the trek since he was 11 years old. "My dad, mom and grandpa did it, and I've just been waiting for my chance to carry the mail," he said. The unpaved town of San Pedro's pride is an archaeological museum with half a million pieces, including locally discovered mummies and Incan gold ornaments. Ana Maria Baron, an archaeologist and former San Pedro mayor, hopes the explora project can draw foreigners interested in preserving Chilean history. Baron for years, and to little avail, has beseeched Chile's Council of National Monuments to take better care of local sites such as Pukara. While partially restored, the old fort remains unguarded; a sign announcing its restoration lies on the ground, and holes have been dug around the ancient stone walls. "It's a shame, a national shame," Baron says. "Chile simply doesn't value its indigenous culture. Yet that culture is clearly of value to people outside of Chile, who may bring the pressure we need to save it." In the darkness of an underground cave, lined with prehistoric paintings, French scientists believe they may have discovered the oldest foot-prints of humans in Europe. Embedded in damp clay and 21 centimeters (8.3 inches) long, the four imprints appear to belong to a young boy, 8 or 10 years old, who was walking barefoot 25,000 to 30,000 years ago. They said Wednesday that the dates were only a hypothesis, because there was no precise way to date the markings in the moist soil. J. Manuel Espinosa, 90, who retired in 1978 as chief historian of the State Department, died of respiratory failure June 8 at his home in Frederick, Md. He wrote four books about Latin American and Southwest American history and edited three books on Indian folklore. Items from Edmonton's proud telephone history are being shipped south of the border by the truckload. The Telephone Historical Centre has sold some of its collection to keep it financially afloat.