MEXICO,2107,56436-90121-641109-0,00.html A slew of attacks by blood-sucking vampire bats have prompted authorities to declare quarantine alerts in northern Mexico in the border state of Chihuahua. [ Cupacabra to follow ? ] The xoloitzcuintle, a virtually hairless breed, has been revered in Mexico since Aztec times when the dog was sacrificed with a dagger to the heart in order to accompany human souls to Mictlan, an Aztec afterworld. Only an estimated 500 to 1,000 of the breed are left in the world.


TUCKED AWAY HISTORY COMES TO LIGHT WITH NEW CONSTRUCTION 06/03/99 CARSON CITY, Nev. (AP) Pieces of Nevada history are quietly tucked away in corners of more than 380 buildings throughout the state. Nestled in brass boxes encased in stone and mortar, these remnants of the past _ cornerstones _ are kept for time unknown. One day, some great project will bring them back into the light. Such awakenings do occur occasionally. Cornerstones placed by the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Free and Accepted Masons have been opened. The first cornerstone in Nevada was laid at the Methodist Episcopal church in Austin, July 5, 1866. The second resides at the U.S. Branch Mint in Carson City and has never been opened. "We've never done the stone for the Mint building," Museum Curator Bob Nylen said. "We didn't do the radical reconstruction like they did at the Capitol. I assume it's still there. Someday, at some point someone will open it. I know it holds some interesting and important things." The Capitol's cornerstone, located in the northeast corner of the original Capitol, was removed in 1978 when the building was retrofitted to withstand earthquakes. One hundred and nine years after its original placement, it was laid to rest once again. Articles in the San Francisco Chronicle and the 1979 Nevada Day program commemorated the events surrounding the placement and the temporary loss of the stone. David Toll, writing for the Chronicle, said 108 years after its placement crews struggled to find the missing stone using X-rays and sonic devices. Eventually, science and persistence prevailed and the treasure trove was located. The items were put on display during construction, then replaced Nevada Day 1979 following the Masonic ceremonial rules. Inside the 1870 velvet-lined, brass box are the ceremonial items of the Masons, documents of the still-juvenile state government, newspapers, coins, photographs, specimens from mines, a Wilson Larger Speller, the constitution and bylaws of Liberty Engine No. 1 from Gold Hill and the constitution and bylaws from Eagle Engine No. 3 from Virginia City. The box was replaced in its original location along with a new box of items from 1979. Similar ceremonies took place in 1998 when the cornerstone of the Legislative Building was removed and replaced. The Legislative Building was built and the cornerstone placed June 9, 1970, 100 years to the day after the laying of the Capitol cornerstone. When the Legislature was remodeled, the cornerstone was removed and its contents displayed in the building, Nylen said. The state cut open the 1870 copper box and built a new one to contain the 1970 items and mementoes from 1998. It was put back June 9, 1998, packed to the point it was almost impossible to close, said Nylen. Steve Watson, chief deputy director of the Legislative Counsel Bureau, oversaw the removal of the cornerstone and its replacement. Watson, who said it was a fun and interesting project, added 24 more things to the new box. "I donated an uncirculated Carson City silver dollar from my collection," Watson said. "We didn't have one, but I said we had to have one. "I also included a CD-ROM. I don't know what these people are going to think, but they'll wonder what this little record is doing in here." Nylen noted: "The museum will have to collect a machine for the CD-ROM so that whoever opens the cornerstone can read it." "Cornerstones are fun," Watson said. "They all include a prescribed set of items from the lodge, and then the building owner puts things in." Similar to cornerstones are time capsules, but time capsules have set days for opening. Cornerstones are only uncovered when a building is substantially changed or torn down, said Watson. For example, the time capsule buried outside the Nevada State Museum Oct. 31, 1964, by Gov. Grant Sawyer is to be opened Oct. 31, 2064 on the state's 200th birthday, but it is unknown when if ever the museum's cornerstone will be revealed.

ARIZONA When the Navajos ended treaty negotiations with the United States on June 1, 1868, the document brought them peace, freedom, return of their traditional lands and allowed them to govern themselves according to their heritage. To recognize that importance, on Tuesday, more than 400 Navajos, many of them schoolchildren, gathered in the stadium at Northern Arizona University (NAU) in Flagstaff to celebrate the document that made the tribe a nation. The original treaty, negotiated between the Navajo leader Barboncito and Civil War Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, by then the Indian Peace Commissioner, has been on display for a year at NAU and will now be returned to the National Archives in Washington, D.C. The last major conflict between the Navajo and the U.S. Army began in 1858 over the death of a black slave killed by a Navajo. After their defeat in 1864 by troops led by Kit Carson, the Navajo were marched hundreds of miles to Fort Sumner in southeastern New Mexico in what has become known as the Long Walk.


CITY TRIES TO PUT HOME ON HISTORIC REGISTER 06/03/99 ALBUQUERQUE (AP) The city is trying to get a simple bungalow near Downtown on the state historical register. It's the house that Aldo Leopold built. Leopold is considered by many as the father of wildlife ecology and wilderness protection. He's also remembered for his role in establishing the Gila Wilderness in southern New Mexico, which is celebrating its 75th anniversary this week. But Leopold is less well-known for his impact on Albuquerque, said Ed Boles, historic preservation planner for the city. Boles said that putting Leopold's home on the cultural properties register would help New Mexicans better understand his impact on the city. Leopold served as the secretary of the Albuquerque Chamber of Commerce in 1918, and eight years later he persuaded the Albuquerque City Commission to acquire 63 acres along the Rio Grande for a park. That site is now the Rio Grande Zoological Park. It was in his Albuquerque home that Leopold drafted a report for the U.S. Forest Service that led to the creation of the Gila Wilderness. Boles is coordinating the city's efforts to obtain a $4,000 grant from the State Historic Preservation Office to place the house and 12 surrounding historic bungalows on the New Mexico Register of Cultural Properties. The home was built around 1916 to make room for the growing Leopold family, Boles said. The house has changed a bit since the early part of the century. A new garage has been added and the chimney is missing some bricks at its base. Leopold moved out of the bungalow in 1924 when he became the country's first officially designated professor of wildlife management at the University of Wisconsin. He never again lived in New Mexico, although he would return often to enjoy the land he helped preserve. The Forest Service created the Gila Wilderness on June 3, 1924 _ five days after Leopold left Albuquerque.

MUSEUM OF INDIAN ARTS DIRECTOR RESIGNS 06/03/99 SANTA FE (AP) The director of the state Museum of Indian Arts and Culture-Laboratory of Anthropology cites her battle with cancer as the reason for resigning from her post. Patricia House said Wednesday she is leaving because she needs to devote all her energy to her recovery. She plans to return to her home state of California, where her medical team is based. House, who announced her resignation last week, joined the museum as director in December 1997. During her tenure, the museum purchased the School of American Research's collection of American Indian ceramics and other artifacts. House also began the annual Fiber Arts Festival of Traditional Cultures of the Southwest as well as a fund-raising campaign for a museum education center. House, who is part Cherokee, said she plans to stay involved as a volunteer. She also serves on the board of directors of the Native American Preparatory School and will remain on the board. Joyce Ice, assistant director of the state Museum of International Folk Art, has been appointed acting director until House's position can be permanently filled.

CYBERIA While millions devour the latest celebrity news with a weekly fix of People or Entertainment Weekly, a growing number of readers are hungry for celebrity news from another time. In the past two years, at least three new archaeology magazines have emerged to shine a light on dim antiquity. Besides general-interest magazines, there are magazines published abroad, along with a multitude of scholarly archaeology journals.,2107,56427-90107-641070-0,00.html The great-great-grandson of the general who led a bloody Civil War battle that drove the Confederacy from Gettsyburg told a jury Friday a respected antiques dealer swindled him out of the general's valuable mementoes.