NEVADA UNLV recently recognized Anthropology professor John Swetnam as 1999's Outstanding Faculty Member of the Year by the Alumni Association.

UTAH,1249,100004719,00.html? About 25 Mormon girls who met soldiers in Camp Floyd married and converted. But generally the Mormon population stayed away from the army settlement. The living conditions were poor. The summers were hot and windy and the winters dry. Flies and yellow jackets were abundant. The ladies in the camp lived in adobe homes while prostitutes living in Frogtown lived in tents put up over holes dug in the ground. Medical care was almost nonexistent and only available to those attached to the army as laundresses or officers' wives.

COLORADO The Anasazi Heritage Center in Dolores, Colo., has been awarded upwards of $176,000 in order to improve the preservation and display of a number of key exhibits now scattered around southern Colorado. The funds, granted by Save America's Treasures and the National Trust for Historic Preservation, will be used to preserve the remnants of the Uncompahgre Plateau culture. Brian Billman never intended to become a professor of cannibalism. There's just not much choice when you inadvertently dig up cooked human bones. Thanks to a rather unseemly fossil, the University of North Carolina archaeology professor -- an expert in ancient Peruvian cultures -- has literally stumbled upon what could be the first conclusive proof of human flesh consumption in the prehistoric American Southwest. "We couldn't get that last link of the flesh going from the pot to the mouth," he said. "Now that's changed." Evidence of Anasazi cannibalism in the Four Corners region -- where Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico join -- isn't a new archaeological phenomenon. But it was another part of Billman's discovery that has set archaeological scholars aflame. The scientific name is coprolite. Or, more bluntly, a fossilized piece of human excrement. Found at the bottom of a hearth in a third kiva, the coprolite would turn out, according to Billman, to be the elusive evidence of human bones traveling from "pot to mouth." Billman submitted the ancient feces for testing by Richard Marlar, a pathologist who heard a 1997 lecture by Billman and two colleagues. Marlar, a professor at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver, tested the coprolite for human myoglobin, an oxygen-carrying protein found only in skeletal muscles and the heart. As a control, he tested other stool samples, including some from people who had eaten cooked beef. Only the Anasazi coprolite came back positive.

TEXAS Texas A&M University's Center for Ecological Archaeology was selected in March to develop a master plan over the next two years for use of 1,500 acres of the 2,334 acres along the Medina River now owned by the San Antonio Water System. A&M officials presented their preliminary vision for the property to about 50 people at a meeting of the San Antonio environmental Network at the Witte Museum. Thoms said the idea is to manage tracts in three historical traditions - the sustainable use of hunting and gathering used by Native Americans, the open ranching used during the Spanish colonial period and the tenant farming practices of the late 1800s. In Refugio Texas, archaeologists have started the delicate process of removing human skeletons from a 19th-century mission cemetery discovered beneath a highway. A six-member crew will spend about three weeks on the excavation. As many as 60 sets of remains may be found in the site that lies 2 feet below the highway surface near Our Lady of Refuge Catholic Church, officials estimate. The building occupies the location of the original Spanish colonial mission founded in 1795. Authorities believe the burials took place between 1800 and 1830.

EAST Anthropologist Frank Spencer, a longtime department chair at Queens College who accused a well-respected English anatomist of masterminding the 1912 Piltdown Man fraud, has died. He was 58.

STATE ARCHEOLOGIST WANTS MORE PROTECTION FOR HISTORIC SITES 06/01/99 CONCORD, N.H. (AP) The state archeologist says archeological sites in New Hampshire need more protection. Richard Boisvert points to a prehistoric site in Concord that was looted by vandals, looted for perhaps as long as a year before the damage was discovered. He only can guess what artifacts and clues to New Hampshire's past were stolen from an area where Native Americans lived and fished 5,000 years ago. "I don't think they could possibly understand what it was we could have learned from it had it been excavated properly," Boisvert told The Boston Globe. "And if they did, they didn't care." Someone dug 21 pits at the site, including a 40-by-60 foot crater, which leads archeologists to believe they found a lot of relics and maybe graves. The site was discovered in the 1970s and kept low-profile by archeologists. Nearby sites were properly excavated, yielding many artifacts that helped piece together the region's prehistoric past. The vandalism was discovered in 1997, and stopped after the land was posted against digging several months later. New Hampshire has no law specific to protecting archeological sites, aside from laws regulating the disturbance of burial sites, Boisvert said. The Concord vandals could have been prosecuted for trespassing, but they weren't caught. The strongest laws on protection are in states with sizable Native American populations that feel a strong personal connection to the prehistoric past, Boisvert said. "If someone wanted to damage the Robert Frost farm, people would be outraged," Boisvert said. Not so when an ancient Indian site is disturbed, he said. The Concord site is not the first to be vandalized in New Hampshire. A site in Belmont was looted in 1989 and again in 1994, despite Boisvert's efforts. He buried chain-link fence over the site to discourage looters. They pulled it up and dug some more. A site in Swanzey also was raided some years ago. Vermont state archeologist Giovanna Peebles said looting at archeological sites in northern New England is a major problem. It recently was reported that relic hunters in Connecticut have been digging up archeological sites at the rate of two to three a year. A commission of law enforcement and preservation officials in Vermont recently adopted a protocol for prosecuting looters of archeological sites. "People are collectors; that's a fact. And the collecting of Indian artifacts off private lands is a major industry," Peebles said. Some collectors record everything and share their information, Peebles told the newspaper, but most are just on a treasure hunt, destroying sites that have been prisms of the past "because all they're doing is digging quickly to get artifacts, not for the information the sites contain." The looters on the Concord site probably worked for more than a year, probably finding dozens, if not hundreds, of arrow and spear points, as well as tens of thousands of pottery shards, Boisvert said. Wesley Stinson, director of the Sargent Museum of Archeology and a former assistant to the state archeologist, frets that more than tools and pottery could have been taken. "So much digging went on that we wonder if they had gotten into some burials, perhaps," Stinson said.

SOUTH "It's on a corner; it's convenient," said Thomas R. Wheaton, vice president of New South Associates Inc., an archaeological firm studying the site for the bank. "With the graves on there, they'd be lucky to get $1,000 for it." The request is the first to come before the county in nearly a decade, said county attorney Doug Batchelor. In the coming weeks, the county will have to hold a public hearing on the graves. Mr. Wheaton hopes to start moving the graves within 60 days. Laura Kammerer of Florida's Bureau of Historic Preservation calls the Bridge of Lions "the most significant bridge in Florida in terms of architectural style. It's the state's best-known bridge. Saving it is our top priority right now." In fact, the National Trust for Historic Preservation lists the bridge as one of the most endangered structures in the nation. A monthlong series of meetings on historic preservation will be scattered about Biloxi to make it convenient for residents to have input on city initiatives and regulations. The city has scheduled the meetings because it is revamping the architectural guidelines for its protected districts, but the hourlong discussions will be open-ended. Examples of possible topics include landmark listings, tax incentives for preservation and historic districts.

MIDWEST A Wisconsin company nearly cornered the market on that type of printing and now a museum is dedicated to them and the lost art of wood type. Shortly after his death, his body was stolen from North Bend's Congress Green Cemetery across the road. The Harrison family tracked it down to the Cincinnati Medical School. The body had been sold to the school as a cadaver. The family bought it back for $4 and brought the body to the Harrison Tomb in December 1879. But the problem was, nobody knew which vault was John Scott's. An official of the Ohio Historical Society nearby, two foundation members, and a news crew entered the crypt, removed some bricks on the three unmarked vaults and inserted a tiny camera on a metal pole to take a look around. They watched the video on a TV monitor set up inside the vault, along with Hamilton County Coroner Dr. Carl Parrott Jr. What they saw were coffins well over a century old that had caved in, some bones and an unreadable plaque on one of the coffins.

NORTHWEST The King County Association of Historical Organizations honored individuals and groups for their efforts to preserve local heritage during the organization's annual award ceremonies.

CYBERIA New digs and old bones reveal an ancient land that was a mosaic of peoples including Asians and Europeans. Now a debate rages: who got here first? Los antepasados humanos que salieron de África hace aproximadamente un millón y medio de años -la primera emigración desde el continente de origen hacia Eurasia-lo hicieron desplazados por humanos que tenían una tecnología más desarrollada. La idea es que aquellos antepasados humanos que tenían una tecnología mejor y, por tanto, un mayor control del territorio y su explotación, fueron marginando a los que carecían de ella. Éstos, los más atrasados, se vieron forzados a refugiarse en ecosistemas menos productivos y, finalmente, a emigrar fuera del continente africano, hacia Europa y Asia, en el primer gran éxodo de la humanidad. [Need a translation?] The site is still crown property and is being investigated by archaeologists so that a 2.5-acre 18th-century water garden can be surveyed, restored and opened to the public. If sufficient funds are raised by a charity, the Bushy Park Water Garden Trust, the gardens will be fully restored to their original glory complete with waterfalls, pools, canals and grottoes. Elizabeth I was a devotee of blood sports who enjoyed using a crossbow to hunt deer and other animals in Bushy Park.