TEXAS Denton history activists rejoiced Saturday after a Texas Historical Commission review board unanimously approved the city's application to have the Square listed in the National Registry of Historic Places. The State Board of Review of the Texas Historical Commission on Saturday unanimously approved the city's nomination of the cemeteries and Lavaca as separate National Register historic districts.

ARIZONA Damage has been severe at Tinajas Altas, an oasis of rain-filled rock tanks that is sacred to Indian tribes. The site drew Spanish explorers and, centuries later, gold-seeking Forty-niners. Visitors wiped out the crosses and rocks that marked a cemetery of nearly 60 graves on a terrace that has become a de-facto parking lot.

UTAH,1249,100012660,00.html? A search of the Utah State Historic Preservation Office's database revealed 2,247 buildings and sites remaining in Utah from the pioneer period of 1840 to 1880. The numbers include 13 buildings and sites from the 1840s. Not much is left from those first three years in the valley. The first settlers lived largely in temporary shelters made of logs or adobe or dug out hillsides. No dugouts remain, although some are in the process of being re-created. By the 1850s, the pioneers started building more permanent structures. By the 1860s, stone became a big part of local architecture.

CYBERIA On Tuesday, a team of Interior Department scientists examining Kennewick Man's remains will meet in Walla Walla, Wash., with five Native American tribal groups to outline their current investigation and announce plans to continue their efforts to better understand who Kennewick Man was and where he came from. Physical anthropologist Joe Powell, an Interior Department team member from the University of New Mexico, ran Kennewick Man's skull measurements through a data base describing "almost 300 different populations" worldwide and found "no matches--Kennewick Man does not fit in."

TOWN STRUGGLES TO PRESERVE ITS HISTORY 07/21/99 MACKAY, Idaho (AP) _ The weathered turn-of-the-century warehouse nestled in the White Knob Mountains doesn't look like much. The building's wooden roof caved in years ago, and danger signs warn visitors to keep their distance. But Mackay's 547 residents think the dilapidated warehouse and other run-down buildings left over from a 1900s copper boom are worth a battle with a Hailey-based salvage company. Mackay residents learned recently that Timber Creek Inc. had bought the historic White Knob buildings and planned to tear them down. The company wants to dismantle the structures, recycle the wood and sell it to wealthy Aspen, Vail, Sun Valley and Jackson, Wyo. residents to use in their multimillion-dollar homes. Timber Creek plans to use planks from the warehouse in two $5 million houses. No one in Mackay is happy. Timber Creek's intent caught them by surprise. It wasn't until the company's big yellow crane rolled through town that anyone found out about the sale and the buildings' fate. "They want to make big profits on our historical monuments," Lin Hintze, a Custer County commissioner. "The whole town is upset about this." Town leaders met with Gary Engman, Timber Creek's president, to ask what could be done to save White Knob. They pleaded their case, often choking up as they reminisced. Companies began mining copper at White Knob in the late 1890s and didn't quit until 1940. A town named White Knob sprouted near the warehouse early and boasted an opera house, school and post office. Mackay was established in 1901 when Union Pacific ran a railroad line into the area to haul the copper to market. A smelter was built nearby to process the copper ore. Mackay residents hold the run-down buildings dear. Some old-timers lived in White Knob, and some residents had relatives that worked in the mines. Many now take visiting relatives up the mountain for a glimpse of the area's past. "These structures are the only reminders that remain of Mackay's earliest beginnings and how it came to be," said Earl Lockie, president of the South Custer Historical Society. "Once those things are gone, there's nothing left to spur the imagination of newcomers or old-timers." Engman sympathized with the group, but stopped short of saying he'd back off the project. He estimated the White Knob material is worth about $150,000. He said there was a growing demand for such "antique timber." Once it is refinished, the wood displays a patina not found in newer wood. That, coupled with its historical significance, raises its value. Wealthier people are willing to pay for a piece of that history, he said. One 90-foot piece of wood Timber Creek salvaged from a Montana mine is worth about $25,000. "People are getting a greater appreciation of history, whether it's an antique table or a historic beam going up in a house," Engman said. Engman said he was willing to work with the town to preserve part of its history. He agreed to delay salvaging the warehouse for a time, but planned to move forward with other parts of the project. He is considering a land swap with Mackay, exchanging the White Knob warehouse for a piece of city-owned land. Timber Creek needs to build another mill to recycle old wood because demand for it is growing. Engman said the city property, located near Mackay's airport, may be a prime location for the mill. The mill would employ five to 15 people. Even if the trade didn't work out, Engman said he was committed to helping the town. "We're going to do everything we can to help the town and county preserve at least one of the buildings up there," he said. The warehouse, also known as a head house, is considered the crown jewel of the White Knob mining site by both sides. The head house was used to store the copper ore before it was hauled down the mountain by tram to the smelter. Mackay residents consider it the most historic building on the mountain. Engman says it's the most valuable. Mackay residents have little choice but to cooperate with Engman. They can't take any legal action to stop the demolition. He purchased White Knob from Honolulu Copper, who owned it under a patented mining claim. A patented mining claim gives the company full ownership and free rein to do what they want with the land and crumbling buildings, said Chris James, Custer County's assessor. Don Watts of the state Historic Preservation Society said even getting White Knob on a federal list of historic places wouldn't save the buildings. "If it's private land there's nothing they can do," he said. "Even a National Historic Register designation won't protect it. Some states have laws that would protect it, but not Idaho." Leonard Wall, a Mackay native, hopes at least one White Knob building can be saved. He considers the buildings an intrinsic part of the town. His father worked in the White Knob mines and took him there during its final heyday. "The free time I have, I spend it on the mountain," said Wall, owner of the local Chevron gas station. "I love it up there, the buildings and the hill. I want to see (the buildings) stay." A discovery during housing construction 25 years ago has evolved into a fascinating tourist attraction in southwest South Dakota. Instead of taking the mammoths to a museum, local residents built a museum over the mammoths, allowing visitors to see fossils in the actual site they were found. Now the Mammoth Site in Hot Springs is a fully covered paleontological dig, where visitors can wander among scientists and volunteers as they continue to unearth bones of ice-age animals. Mammoth Site information: 605-745-6017 or The historical society, along with the Kansas Department of Transportation, is replacing or refurbishing 35 of its 120 historical markers across the state this summer. The effort started nearly five years ago when American Indians in eastern Kansas asked the society to re-examine the wording on some of the signs, saying their ancestors were portrayed in an unfair and bad light. The review also spotted inappropriate references to women and blacks, and they have been targeted for change.