MEXICO After long debates over the historical existence of Juan Diego, postulators of canonization have prepared a genealogy of Juan Diego. He was a native descending nobleman of Netzahualpilli and of Moctezuma, who dominated the "cacicazgo" of Texcoco. The UCLA Film and Television Archive hosts Visible Evidence VII, a four-day academic conference, Aug. 18-21, and public film series, Aug. 18-20, focusing on the role of film/video as witness and voice for active, social reality. WEDNESDAY, AUG. 18, 7:30 P.M. "Ruins" (1999, 16mm, 78 min.) Directed by Jesse Lerner. Surveying representative moments from the history of Mesoamerican antiquarianism, this experimental documentary suggests how diplomacy and pan-Americanism framed the recontextualization of archaeological objects as art. "Ruins" uses appropriated sounds and images to contemplate a history of appropriated objects.

ARIZONA The Arizona Historical Society continues its summer series focusing on noted historical figures of the region. Tonight, Lee Warren, a re-enactor at the society's Tempe branch, discusses the life of Lt. Henry Flipper, a black man who found himself fighting the Apaches - and racism - on the Arizona frontier.


GRAVE SITE IS THE ONLY REMINDER OF RUSSIAN PIONEERS' BRIEF STAY 07/19/99 PARK VALLEY, Utah (AP) _ The Russian immigrants who came to a remote Box Elder County site in the early part of this century left almost as quickly as wind whips through sagebrush. But they left their mark _ shards of glass, weather-beaten wood boards, a cemetery with two headstones and a white picket fence. It was in 1914 that the nearly 100 Russians descended on an obscure plot of land south of Park Valley. They were lured by a brochure published by the Pacific Land and Water Co. "Hundreds of acres of land lying ready to respond most generously to the touch of the husbandman," the brochure read. That is not what they found. And by 1917, after sinking their lives' savings into the land, the Russian pioneers abandoned their dreams. A few descendants of the colonists, and one journalist-historian, are now trying to piece together the struggles of their nameless town. A splotchy history is the result so far. The immigrants were seeking religious freedom, said Sarah Yates, a longtime writer for the Box Elder News Journal who is now retired. She became interested in the Russians' plight in 1977. "They were coming to set up a utopia-type colony. They could be free of American customs here. It paralleled the Mormon journey," she said. They were "Molokans," who broke away from the Russian Orthodox Church and were persecuted because of their actions. They fled the Republic of Georgia and settled in Los Angeles between 1904 and 1912. But they felt oppressed and out of place. The brochure must have sounded like a dream. So they packed up all their belongings and took a passenger train to a new home in remote Park Valley. There they built wooden plank houses and dug wells and root cellars. They cleared land for planting and waited for the water to flow. It never did. George Morzov's grandparents were part of the colony. He and his wife visited the area just last month to see what it was like. "I was very disappointed in the environment," he said. "They were sold a bad deal. Somebody found a group of Russians who were gullible." The colonists walked over seven miles to Park Valley for water and supplies. Conservative dress standards clothed the women in long black dresses, the men with shawls. "Can you imagine?" asked chief deputy Lynn Yeates while on a tour of the area. "It must have taken a day to walk to town and back." Sarah Yates said the colony was mostly older folks. But the minutes of a Box Elder School Board meeting mention the colony would have 20 boys and 20 girls who needed schooling. There were two deaths in the colony, not counting babies. Both of them were in the same family. According to an article reprinted from the Strevell Times on May 7, 1914, in the Box Elder News, Andrew Kalpakoff had just emptied the magazine of his .22 rifle when his wife said she was afraid of the weapon. "Mr. Kalpakoff raised the gun to show her it was empty and with it pointed towards her pulled the trigger, only to find that there remained a cartridge in the barrel. The bullet entered his wife's heart. She fell to the floor and in 10 minutes was dead." Anna Kalpakoff was buried in the Park City Cemetery. Her husband was so grief-stricken he had to be restrained so he wouldn't kill himself. When Anna's sister-in-law, Mary Mathew Kalpakoff, died in childbirth a year later, Anna's remains were moved next to Mary's. It was this site that Paul Kalpakoff sought in 1948. His mother was Mary Kalpakoff, who died when he was only 2 years old. Paul Kalpakoff's son still remembers the trip. "He was looking for his mother. His dad would tell him the wind will have blown it all away and you'll never see anything," said Edwin Kalpakoff of Fresno, Calif. But, they did find weather-beaten wooden markers and Edwin Kalpakoff said he remembers foundations still perched on the ground. Edwin Kalpakoff's father didn't want his mother to be forgotten. He came back in 1966 and replaced the disintegrating wooden markers with modern headstones. He had them inscribed just as the wooden ones had been. "Here lies the body of a true (authentic) worshipper" is written in the liturgical language of the Russian Orthodox Church. They painted the wooden fence around the grave sites. Edwin Kalpakoff has visited since to look after the markers. Morzov doesn't have any markers of his family's stay in Utah. In fact, he didn't even know his mother had lived there until she passed away. "My mother never mentioned word one." Morzov learned what he knows about his mother's childhood in Utah from Yates and her articles. Living in California, he has tried to find others who might remember. "Nobody seems to want to say anything, or they don't know anything. They are very private people and don't like to talk about it," he said. Morzov said that might be because they don't want to talk about their failure. After only a few years, the desert drove the immigrants back to the Los Angeles area. "They were persistent, energetic and very patient. And they only lasted three years," he said. When they left, they left everything _ the house, the dishes, everything _ and just went back to Los Angeles," Kalpakoff said. Yates said that after the Russians left, Park Valley residents took some of the furniture and lumber from the homes. "It was good lumber. People took stuff down, outbuildings and such. I just know several people had furniture they say had been from the Russians." Yates said the area's isolation and dry climate are partially responsible for the preservation of the graves. That may change soon as irrigated crops move closer. Kalpakoff, whose father passed away in 1989, wants to get the little cemetery marked as a state historical site. "My Dad cared about her. He didn't want anything happening to the grave site. Anything to save it from being torn down, that would be my dream." Kalpakoff pauses when asked why he wants to save the site. He tries to speak, but only a whisper comes. Another pause. "Well, it was my Dad. I must be doing it for his sake and my sake, and hopefully everything can be kept safe."

COLORADO Right Outside Durango is one of the most important sites in Southwestern archaeology, with its cliff ledges full of "firsts" and "mosts." It yielded the best-preserved human remains of ancient Indians and culture-defining early artifacts from 300 B.C. to A.D. 700. But the Falls Creek Rock Shelters are closed. And so are about 500 acres of national forest around the site. The closure angers many local residents, who feel entitled to access to the area. It has been off limits to the public for most of this decade in deference to the 25 tribes in four states that claim cultural affiliation to it. Groups of archaeologists and tribal consultants make rare visits. Vandals persist in their trespass and destruction. The site produced one of the most famous mummies in existence. The book "Prehistory in Peril" excerpts Flora's description of his find: "Skin almost completely intact. Full head of hair, eyebrows, eyelashes, finger- and toenails, body hair, etc. In attempting to give her a much-needed bath with garden hose and scrub brush, I was surprised to find the skin soften, could move the lips and tongue, adjust the features, open the eyes and see the pupil of the eye on intact eyeballs." Durango residents still talk about the chills that the stories of "Esther" sent through them when they were children. The mummy ended up at the Mesa Verde National Park museum, where she was on display from 1939 and 1978. The remains once were on display in a barbershop window in Durango. Another mummy, dubbed "Jasper," was displayed at the Durango Public Library. While Mesa Verde still houses the female mummy, she is no longer shown to a curious public. For the 19 Pueblo Indian tribes and the Jicarilla Apache of New Mexico, the Hopi of Arizona, the Navajo Nation of the Four Corners and the Utes of Colorado and Utah, the treatment of their ancestors and the desecration of ancient burial sites are a horror story of staggering proportions.

KANSAS The first phase of the project is the renovation of the Tibbott building into a display of frontier businesses, including a bank, post office, doctor and dentist offices, barbershop, and dress shop/millinery. The town's nine buildings are administered by the Jefferson County Historical Society, Jefferson County Genealogical Society and the Jefferson County Craft Guild.

CYBERIA After 10 years of planning, fund raising and fighting over architecture, groundbreaking for the National Museum of the American Indian is set to begin Sept. 28. The 250,000 square foot building is scheduled to open in late 2002. GPS revolutionized location and direction finding. Itís much more efficient but it doesnít eliminate traditional methods. The first and most important step is historical review of records of where the monuments are or ought to be. In the search for the old monuments in Holt County, Teale will use records that include a well-worn, hand-copied volume of field notes of public surveys certified by Meriwether Lewis Clark in September 1849. Clark was the oldest son of William Clark, co-leader of the Lewis and Clark expedition up the Missouri River from St. Louis into the Louisiana Purchase territory and on to the Pacific Ocean, 1804-1806. A national park advocacy group said legislation being considered in the Senate would eliminate the power Presidents have held for 93 years to protect significant public lands as national monuments in cases of imminent exploitative threats. This bill would dismantle the Antiquities Act and abandon its long history of effectiveness. A joint protocol between the Assembly of First Nations and the National Congress of American Indians is a first step to increasing political, economic and cultural activities, and, exchanging officials and ambassadors to better protect their legal, social, political, and economic rights. High on the agenda for joint action are social concerns and land claims. There's only one thing better than digging holes - and that's finding things at the bottom. National Archaeology Days are a fun way to learn about the important archaeological work done by the Museum of London. If these wall could talk. How often have you heard people say things like 'If only these old walls could talk!' when they tour ancient buildings? Well, if you are a geologist, then stone walls can talk - and what tales they tell! Now you can travel through the famous sites and read the secrets of their stones. There is an element of social anthropology in people needing to know that getting tipsy with your grandmother is not the same thing as getting bladdered with your mates and that is what we are trying to explain.