PRESERVATION EXPERT NOW TACKLING ISSUES IN TWO STATES 01/26/99 Three groups are now working together in two states to achieve one goal: the preservation of historic landmarks in western Kentucky and southwestern Indiana. The National Trust for Historic Preservation and the Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana jointly operated a one-person office in Evansville for a little more than a year. The mission of the office, which served Gibson, Pike, Posey, Spencer, Vanderburgh and Warrick counties, included advocacy for building preservation, advising on the tax benefits for owners of historic buildings, providing restoration advice and educating the public about the importance of saving places. Under a new agreement with the Kentucky Heritage Council, the office extended its reach this month into Daviess, Henderson, McLean, Union and Webster counties in western Kentucky. ``This arrangement allows three groups with a common goal to extend our reach beyond what each of us can do individually,'' said Anne Gryczon (pronounced GRIH'-chehn), a preservation expert and the office's sole staffer. It's the first time that the National Trust has helped operate a field office that serves more than one state. The office has a $55,000 annual budget. ``Kentucky has always been a leader in the national preservation movement, and this is a great opportunity to test a program which we think will have application across the country,'' said David Morgan, Kentucky's historic preservation officer. The Kentucky Heritage Council, a public agency, is the commonwealth's historic preservation office. The Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana, a not-for-profit organization, is the nation's largest private, statewide preservation group. Congress chartered the National Trust in 1949, but it is now a private, not-for-profit organization that fights to save historic buildings and their surrounding neighborhoods. It works with thousands of local preservation groups in all 50 states. ``To me, it's exciting that the three organizations have the flexibility and the shared sense of mission to find the most effective way to help these local communities, by taking this approach together,'' Carol Wyant, director of statewide partnerships for the national group, said Tuesday from her office in Washington, D.C. ``Each of us brings something different to the table, which then provides and enriches a much greater mix of resources to draw upon in helping local communities then would otherwise be possible.'' Reid Wiliamson, president of the Indiana organization, initiated the joint program with the National Trust in late 1997 because he perceived that southwestern Indiana wasn't as well served in the area of historic-landmark preservation as the rest of the Hoosier state. Though the new, three-way agreement expires at year's end, the intent is to make it a permanent arrangement, Williamson said. He'd eventually like to open a second field office to serve southeastern Indiana and neighboring areas of Kentucky. ``I was told by the president of National Trust (Richard Moe) last week that they intend to make this arrangement a model for others to follow in the rest of the country, and that was certainly part of our inspiration, if you will, thinking that it will be duplicated,'' Williamson said. February 1999: A Social Divide Written In Stone -- At Mesa Verde, in Colorado, new archaeological findings are challenging long-held beliefs about Anasazi society. (Cliff Palace was a facility built to manage stress).,2107,12101-20522-150855-0,00.html Tests on adhesive samples showed 20th century polymers were present in three items. The tests were conducted by conservators from the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., and the Western Archaeological and Conservation Center. Although Freeman has not been charged, U.S. Park Service officials say taking any material out of the 3.3 million-acre park is prohibited. "I find it disturbing that this action may lead others to search for cultural resources in this park or other areas, potentially destroying irreplaceable artifacts," Martin said. Freeman, a 56-year-old semi-retired substitute high school teacher found the chest Nov. 22 and took the chest home though it's illegal to remove artifacts from a national park. "The whole thing apparently was a hoax," said Tim Stone, public information officer for Death Valley National Park. Bits of adhesive from a price sticker were found on the bottom of another bowl. Freeman, a semi-retired substitute high school teacher with intense interest in history and archaeology fears his reputation as a self-described archaeologist and Death Valley historian are in ruins. Albert Erastus Hall compiled a collection of stone tools that he unearthed. The collection was turned over to Grand Valley State University anthropology student Aimee Harrison, who analyzed it for a semester as part of an independent study. A federal attorney will pick up the fragments Tuesday and fly them to Seattle's Burke Museum at the University of Washington, where the rest of the skeleton has been held since October. The Department of the Interior is planning tests on the 9,700-year-old bones this spring. Same-Sex unions probably have a longer history in this country than most Americans realize. In "Spotted Tail's Folk" (University of Oklahoma Press, 1961), historian George E. Hyde told of an early 19th century Crow Indian woman who violated tribal custom by acquiring three wives. With their help she became a successful warrior and hunter, accumulated substantial wealth and was made a chief. The Aztecs named the city but scientists, struggling to find clues since the 1960s, have been baffled about the origin, life or fate of the ancient rulers. Spence said he's optimistic the latest finds by Saburo Sugiyama of Japan, George Cowgill of Arizona and Ruben Cabrera Castro of Mexico "are a start to more success.'' He teamed up with the three 10 years ago when about 150 skeletons, many believed to be sacrificial victims, were found in the Feathered Serpent Pyramid. Before the Spanish arrived, corn and turkey, avocados, and -- famously -- chocolate, the ground seeds of the cacao. Xocoatl, as it was called in Nahuatl, the old Mexican language, was so important to the culture the Aztecs used it like money. It was made into a drink, and is the bases of rich mole sauces. There are maybe 300 or 400 different kinds of mole -- red, black, white, green. The most famous, mole poblano, includes more than 80 ingredients, among them spices, chilli, nuts, and chocolate. Instead of relying on what was growing naturally, people started clearing land and planting seeds to insure they would have enough food. The beginnings of farming appear to coincide with the Younger Dryas.

Dig here and drill down for history of formerly used defense sites in the Southwest: For your significant other, download a 2MB animation canis familiaris excavation.