NOW-TAME FARMING TOWN ONCE AMONG THE MOST `UNGODLY' IN THE STATE 01/25/99 In one sense, this is a ghost town. Not because the place is empty _ 653 people live within the city limits and more in the surrounding communities. And it still serves as the main thoroughfare for Thiokol Corp. and its 3,000 workers. But within the quiet community west of Brigham City, images of the past echo off the buildings. Ghosts wander the streets. History haunts the city council. Corinne's history is so rich, bits and pieces of it are left in the lives of modern residents, just as the historical sites that dot the town. ``It is something built into us,'' said DeVerle Wells, president of the Corinne Historical Society. ``It's something we can build on and make it better.'' Corinne once bustled with an estimated 3,500 residents, 28 saloons and the first water system in the state. Built alongside the Bear River, the city offered travel by rail, water or road. It also offered entertainment the nearby Mormon communities did not _ wild saloons and even the Corinne Opera House. It was known as the ``Burg on the Bear,'' ``Chicago of the West,'' ``The Gentile Capital of Utah'' and ``The City of the Un-Godly.'' According to a book written by historian Brigham Madsen, the founders had grand designs. The city was established to be the terminus of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads. Corinne was to be the Queen City of the West, a haven for non-Mormon Utahns. Legislators in Washington D.C. even suggested Corinne as the capital of Utah, rather than Salt Lake City. When Corinne was officially founded in March of 1869, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints had been directed not to frequent businesses owned by nonmembers. Gentiles (as non-Mormons were known then) from Salt Lake City flocked to Corinne, where the tent city spurned anything connected with the dominant religion. The early boom days were wild. City leaders fought to be the junction city for the railroads. But, with Brigham Young's help, Ogden won the bid. So Corinne served as the freighting crossroads for Idaho, Montana and eastern Oregon from 1870 to 1874. Freighters ordered goods via railroad, stored them in huge warehouses and then shipped them by oxen or mule to the northern mining towns. In the meantime, the city was known as a place where men turned to gambling, liquor and women. On the south edge of town, according to Corinne historian Bernice Gibbs Anderson, as many as 70 prostitutes serviced the town. Anderson writes that the sheriff of Box Elder County in Brigham City would bring several prisoners at a time to keep them ``more manageable.''Another city council-approved venture was the ``Divorce Machine.'' For $2.50 each, Anderson writes, the court granted divorces in person or by proxy. Wells said as far as he knows there aren't any more ``soiled doves'' operating in Corinne, but it remains the only city in Box Elder County that allows beer sales on Sunday. Ann Nutt, manager of Mim's Bar, said Sunday visitors are a pretty controlled bunch. ``It's just a fun day. Customers can kick back. This isn't a pose-and-be-pretty bar.'' And that's just like the rest of town. From the oldest Methodist Church in the state to the old mercantile building Wells lives in, historic sites line the original streets. The latest historic venture is an effort to recreate the rail line from Corinne to Promontory. Organizers hope Corinne will become a tourist stop where visitors will ride an antique locomotive to the Golden Spike Historic Site. Corinne also once offered steamboat travel. ``The City of Corinne'' was a paddle-wheel boat which traveled up the Bear River from the Great Salt Lake. It lasted only two seasons because of problems navigating the shallow river, Anderson writes. Hiram House installed the state's first water system in the city, pumping water from the Bear River. Expanding the water system is a concern for current city council members. Hansen said they just completed their first-ever general plan in November 1998. Hansen said one reason the town hasn't grown is that its water system hasn't been able to accommodate additional hookups. A new pipeline will alleviate that problem. In fact, growth hasn't been a problem since the town lost the Montana trade when the railroad extended up through Cache Valley in 1874, circumventing Corinne. Some people thought that move fulfilled a prediction by Brigham Young. ``He predicted that grass would grow in the streets of Corinne and her buildings would be torn down, or moved to the surrounding towns for barns and outhouses,'' Anderson writes. City founder J.H. Beadle wrote that Young said, ``Leave the Gentiles alone to their own deviltry, and I prophesy, in the name of Israel's God, that the ungodly will get to fighting among themselves and kill each other off, and save us all trouble.'' Either way, the city population dwindled to near 50 at one point. Gentiles were replaced largely with Mormon farmers. Wells said the town has gone from ``The City of the Un-Godly'' to a good place to raise a family. ``A lot of (Corrine's) history is quite evil,'' Wells said. ``But, really, most of the people here were just trying to survive. There were some good honest people. I don't think we are any different today.'' Bill Leslie, a historian of science and technology at The Johns Hopkins University, has just discovered the Eighth Wonder of the Modern World. You can tell a lot about modern America by studying Las Vegas. Breshears and Allen of Bandelier National Monument, studied the shift between the ponderosa and pinon-juniper ecosystems by poring over detailed aerial photographs taken from the 1930s through the 1970s. The work has site-specific significance important in helping to understand how to protect archaeological sites. The Oakland Museum exhibit will explain Native American pictograph cave decorations. Subterranean resource conservation is also addressed. Visit Most of the granite fish traps crafted centuries ago by Desert Cahuilla Indians on the west fringes of the Salton Sea have been destroyed by gravel mining and farming, and archaeologists want to save the few that remain. The traps hold valuable clues about how the Indians survived in the desert. The New Mexico-based Archaeological Conservancy is hoping to raise $100,000 to buy 360 acres of private and public land where the traps were found and give it to Anza-Borrego Desert State Park for preservation. The state legal system "doesn't attempt to resolve conflicts. It makes them worse," says Juan Leon, director of Defensoria Maya, a group trying to rebuild damaged traditions by transplanting knowledge from healthy communities to those that have lost their elders. It may seem like remote shrub land ideal for relocating radio and television antennas, but some natives say the site is sacred. Workers digging up a parking lot found the remains which date back to the 1830s or 1840s, making it one of Minnesota' s first cemeteries. Students are following state requirements and guidelines for such finds. One is to prohibit photographs and other unauthorized contact with human skeletal remains. A dog harness, a coat hook and a lantern were taken in 1957 by a Royal New Zealand Air Force pilot who was working in the region. The New Zealand government complained just before they were to be sold at Christie’s and prevailed upon the owner to hand them over. Over the years thousands of items have been taken from expedition huts. A trickle of them are now being returned. The mummies are the bodies of tribesmen who trekked from Central Europe to the Orient, taking with them the weaving skills of the ancient Celts. The woollen plaids discovered on the Mummies of Urumchi could only have been woven on warp-weighted looms, which originated in Europe via the Middle East. If Professor Barber is correct, the dogma that Chinese and Western civilisations developed in isolation may have to be set aside. Archaeologists have unearthed new Neanderthal remains at the site where the first such skeleton was found in 1856.