KNOWLES WANTS FEDS TO PAY FOR EXHUMING TUBERCULOSIS VICTIMS 01/16/99 Gov. Tony Knowles is asking the federal government to cover the costs of exhuming 138 bodies of tuberculosis victims buried inside two World War II ammunition bunkers in Sitka, and then to apologize for putting the bodies there in the first place. ``Such treatment demonstrated a shocking disrespect for the victims and their families,'' Knowles wrote in a letter to Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt. ``It is an affront to human dignity, which can and must be remedied.'' The Army ammunition bunkers _ one at Sitka's airport and another on nearby U.S. Coast Guard property _ contain the bodies of tuberculosis victims sent to Mt. Edgecumbe Hospital from the mid-1940s to the early 1960s. The bodies are mostly Native children. The hospital, run by the federal Bureau of Indian Affairs at the time, did not notify families of the deaths or give the deceased a proper burial. Within the bunkers, wooden caskets are stacked on top of each other and encased in cement. Crypts are not marked with names, only numbers. Interest in the mausoleums surfaced recently with a proposed multi-million dollar expansion of Sitka's Rocky Gutierrez Airport. Federal rules 500-foot safety zones around runways, which means paving over the airport mausoleum, after the bodies have been disinterred. Stephanie Hanna, a spokesman for Babbitt, said Knowles' disinterrment request is being looked at. So far as an apology goes, she suggested, that's something many Native Americans could deserve. ``Clearly, American history is filled with management deficiencies, failed Congressional policy and clear inequities against Alaska Natives and American Indians,'' Hanna said. Meanwhile, Bob Sam, a Tlingit with the Sitka Tribe, works alone studying hospital records, matching numbers with names and notifying family members. Of the 138 people buried in the two mausoleums, he has contacted the families of about 50, as far away as Barrow. Recent publicity has helped match several bodies with families that had never known where their loved ones were buried, Sam said. But 20 of the bodies have no records and cannot be identified. Sam said he doesn't know how much it will cost to exhume the bodies and repatriate remains back to villages. But, he said, it will be costly. ``I hope this doesn't become a political issue with different agencies fighting each other over who will pay for it,'' Sam said. ``We need to all work together to come to an agreement, comply with laws and work on behalf of all the families.''

FOREST SERVICE TO INVESTIGATE WHY LOST CABIN WAS TORN DOWN 01/16/99 U.S. Forest Service officials say they have begun an investigation into why firefighters tore down Lost Cabin, an outpost in the Spring Mountains that once was used by descendants of Paiutes and pioneers. Forest Service spokeswoman Dee Gardner said Friday the investigation would focus on why a special firefighting team from Black Mountain near Carson City razed the cabin in summer 1997 after the Forest Service saved it from a fire in 1996. ``Most important is how this occurred and how we can prevent this from happening again,'' Ms. Garner said. She said the inquiry would try to resolve the age of the cabin ``and take some corrective measures on what occurred.'' Archaeologists discovered the cabin had been destroyed while they were on a field trip in November. The cabin, which was located 10 miles northwest of Mount Potosi off state Route 160 in the Spring Mountains National Recreation Area, was one of two shelters built by Buster Wilson or his legendary father, Tweed, who provided food and supplies to miners south of the mountains. Pennington House east of Nogales is a one-room cabin, built in 1858. It may be the oldest American pioneer ranch dwelling that still stands. The dwelling, 1 mile north of the border, has been nominated for the National Register of Historic Places. Tour participants must sign up by Jan. 27. Call 888-3257. Postman believes are archeology, anthropology and astronomy. Archeology, for instance, "is among the best subjects we have for helping to cultivate in the young a sense of earthly perspective. Crew members of the spaceship Earth need to have nontrivial knowledge of crew members of the past." Baba does her sleuthing from Wayne State University, Detroit, where she chairs the Department of Anthropology. This corporate anthropologist studies humans, including their "social relationships" and "customs" in the workplace. Mead was conned. This work, the author asserts, casts grave doubt on Boasian culturalism, the theory (named after Mead's mentor Franz Boas) that "our ideas, our values, our acts, even our emotions are, like our nervous system itself, cultural products."

[ SASIG Ed. note -- The Pacific revisited ... Coming of Age at Kmart.... ] For Guam, the store is a huge psychological and physical presence. Visitors see the store's huge red "K" from the window of their plane before it even stops at the gate. Nicodemus, a tiny, northwest Kansas town founded by emancipated black slaves after the Civil War, has been preserved as the oldest black town west of the Mississippi. The town, which still has 35 residents, was named a National Historic Site and added to the park service in 1998. In 1876, at the height of Victorian repression, The New York Times speculated that 7.5 percent of "fashionable London ladies were tattooed in inaccessible localities." She said she wanted to go to Israel to get her masters in archaeology. He strongly suspects that the beads Lewis and Clark carried with them through the West were manufactured in Italy. The story of this aeroplane, which is now in the Italian Aviation Museum, has never been told, at least, not in Ethiopia. It's only now, 134 years after the end of the Civil War, that a handful of plantation tours are beginning to give substantial attention to the slaves who built and sustained these households. Gwen Edwards in 1996 obtained a slave cabin from a rural property about 30 miles away. After restoration and research, the museum on Sept. 9 unveiled a new slavery-based tour called "Beyond the Big House: The Other Story." Menchu's version of events has been picked apart in a new book by David Stoll, a Middlebury College anthropologist.