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TUCSON MAN RECALLS LIFE IN BARRIO SAN ANTONIO 01/08/99 A half-century ago, the railroad played a major part in Andy Solano's childhood in Tucson's Barrio San Antonio. It provided income, ``the coldest water in Tucson,'' a boundary with the rival area known as Millville, and even impromptu seating along the track bed for spectators who came to watch baseball games between neighborhoods. ``By the third or fourth inning, there was always a heated argument over whether that was or wasn't a home run,'' recalled Solano, a retired postal worker. ``Then we'd get into a fight and chase them to the railroad tracks. Once there, they were safe.'' Solano, 66, said he has fond memories of his childhood in Barrio San Antonio, located south of the University of Arizona. Arroyo Chico, a deeply cut waterway dry most of the year, bisects the neighborhood. The neighborhood produced nationally acclaimed singer Eduardo ``Lalo'' Guerrero, minor league baseball pitcher Joe Tully and Tucson's current city manager, Luis Gutierrez, among other notables. Solano's recollections about the community go back to the mid-1930s through the early 1950s. The country was in the throes of the Great Depression when he was a youngster. ``When I was a kid, we only got to use the radio once a day, then they had to shut it off. That was the `Lone Ranger,' about 8 at night, and then all electric power went out and they put on the kerosene lamps. My dad would not allow that electric bill to go above $2 a month.'' He added, ``Nobody locked their doors then. There was no reason to. All of us had the same thing, so what was there to steal?'' In fact, he said, since there were few fences, and those that existed were in poor repair, some of what was privately owned _ chickens, for example _ became public property. ``Everyone had chickens, but they all ran loose. So whenever you wanted a chicken, the first one you could catch was yours.'' Family gatherings tended to be larger in those days, he recalled. ``Everybody had large families. When they got together, they would have like a fiesta. The cheapest thing to feed everybody was Sonora enchiladas, flat enchiladas. ``Corn meal was about five cents a pound, and you could feed a lot of people with 5 pounds of masa (dough). All the women would get together and mix the meal with cheese, baking soda and salt and make it into little patties. ``Others would make the red chile sauce. They'd dip the patties into the red chile sauce, top it with fried onions, olives and oregano and put it in a little bowl with a little vinegar, with lettuce and cheese on top. You could practically feed an army with not a lot of food.'' Goats and other livestock roamed the neighborhood. ``Most of the teen-agers, 13 to 14 years old, had their own burros to ride. They'd tie them down by Arroyo Chico, so they could eat. There was a lot of foliage in there in those days. There were no rules or laws about animals then.'' At a stockyard complex _ an area now lined with eathered warehouse-style buildings _ Solano and fellow youngsters found a source of employment. ``When I was 9 or 10, we used to unload cows, steers, sheep and goats from the railroad cars,'' he said. ``It ran 24 hours a day. It wasn't steady, but when a train came in every three or four hours, we'd go over there. "We'd make $10 to $16 working two days, and that was very good money then.'' The railroad provided yet another source of income _ though less steady. ``When World War II started, the troop trains started going by there. The soldiers couldn't get off the train, but they would call us over to the windows and ask us to mail postcards for them. They'd give us quarters, and we got to keep the tip money. ``We would go buy ice cream for them, anything they wanted. One of the boys was a few years older than the rest of us, and he was able to purchase some whiskey, some bootleg liquor, a pint, and they were all having a bidding war for it.'' Then there was the water. ``The Southern Pacific Depot had the coldest, coldest water in all of Tucson. They had these boxes with coils in them, and would pack all the coils with ice. It got so cold you had to stop drinking it.'' The depot also had a well-manicured lawn, which Solano and other neighborhood youngsters used as a football field. ``That was the only place that had grass. Nobody told us to get off.'' Solano said, ``The U.S. cavalry was located in the area of 22nd and Alvernon, and soldiers would ride their horses out into our neighborhoods. We had a lady named Josephine Hopkins, a Mexican lady married to an Anglo, who made enough food to feed those soldiers free, and enough for us kids to go out and sell to the neighborhood. She was a very good cook.'' At one point in the 1940s, Solano said, floods caused an electrical outage that lasted for a week. ``Can you imagine that now? But then, the only electricity we had was for lights. There were no electric stoves, refrigerators or coolers, so we were able to survive.'' As he and his friends got older, they expanded their horizons farther west, Solano said, and later all the way to ``A'' Mountain, where they swam in the irrigation ditches used by Chinese farmers to grow vegetables. And so it went in the Tucson of the 1940s. Time was passing, and the children of Solano's acquaintance grew into youths. ``In 1949, most of us boys of high school age joined the Marine Corps Reserve,'' said Solano. That was a prelude to the Korean War, which began in June of 1950. ``In July 1950, we all got activated and were sent to California, Camp Pendleton, and from there were sent to different sections for training.'' The war marked an end to what Solano knew as ``his'' neighborhood. ``When the Korean War was over, we all scattered. Some got married and went in different directions. To this day, I have not seen a lot of these boys. I don't know if they're still in town.'' But his memories remain _ memories of a time when life was slower and simpler, when a patch of green grass, ``the coldest water in Tucson'' and a game of baseball with Millville were all it took to bring happiness.

http://www.star-telegram.com:80/news/doc/1047/1:NE52/1:NE52011499.html IRVING -- Federal officials have ordered a Las Colinas utility district to halt work on an unauthorized dam project in north Irving after an inspector discovered what could be American Indian relics and a bone at the site. The dam area needs to be investigated for potential archaeological value because of the bone and other possible relics that were found, including flint chips and burned rocks, corps officials said. Generally, we're looking at between 90 and 180 days in which they can't do work.

http://insidedenver.com/news/0113annx9.shtml Mayor Wellington Webb decided Tuesday to save a decrepit, box-like city office building called Annex 1 that preservationists said will be treasured one day. Annex 1 is considered the city's best example of the International Style, which featured flat surfaces and little or no decoration.

http://www.azcentral.com:80/wv/0115rockartcent.shtml Walking the pathway at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center is like being between two worlds.

http://www.azcentral.com:80/wv/0115rockfacts.shtml The Hedgpeth Hills petroglyph site has more than 1,500 petroglyphs on nearly 600 boulders in a 47-acre nature preserve. The Deer Valley Rock Art Center is one of a few rock art research centers in North America. The Deer Valley Rock Art Center is online at http://www.asu.edu/clas/anthropology/dvrac

http://www.azcentral.com:80/wv/0115rockside.shtml Native Americans visit the Deer Valley Rock Art Center today to find connections to their spirituality and to their past. "It's a very important site to native people. It's very important to be sure that it is managed in a way that preserves it both physically and spiritually," Director Peter Welsh said. "By that, I mean that it has an integrity." "In Native American spirituality, there are no rules," Gonzales said. [ SASIG Ed. Note -- Huh?? So, there are no rules -- that it can all be made up ?? ]

http://www.msnbc.com/local/WVTM/84646.asp There's a move underway by some religious leaders to have imprints that look like swastikas removed from the Jefferson County Courthouse. They are are actually ancient Indian carvings meaning good luck. The four crooked arms of the Nazi swastika point in a clockwise direction, while the arms of the courthouse swastikas are bent counter-clockwise.

http://www.washingtonpost.com:80/wp-srv/WPlate/1999-01/15/053l-011599-idx.html It's New Mexico, 1946, just after a big war. The times they are a-changing. Cowboying across an open range is a dying profession. It has a wonderful sense of not one but two distinct styles in American history: the West and the '40s. Frears has studied the iconography of the American western with enough attention to offer some old, lost movie thrills. Too bad, in the end, it was all hat and no cattle.

http://nt.excite.com:80/news/pr/990114/mi-maah-materials The Museum would like to enlist the community to assist in its search for artifacts and documents by contributing material of family members, loved-ones and friends who served in the following distinguished units: Indian Campaigns (1866-1890), Buffalo Soldiers (9th/10th Cavalries, 24th/25th Regiments)

http://www.jewishsf.com/current/sfanovelist.htm They travel from Poland to America in 1845, and Yitzhak leads them across the desert, not to Israel, but to California. "The Promised Land" by Ruhama Veltfort, (290 pages, Milkweed, $23.95) http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1571310223/southwesternarch/

http://www.indiancountry.com:80/NW30.html It's the talk about providing traditional healing as a regular service to Native American veterans. Some states, such as Arizona, already have some traditional healing programs in place.

http://www.techweb.com:80/wire/story/TWB19990114S0009 IBM, Raytheon, and Lockheed Martin are initiating a program called "Delta-One" to recruit, train, and employ American Indians in software. American Indian trainees will not have to leave their beloved lands to get a job, a key reason why other economic-development programs have failed in the past. Visitors to the Navajo lands near Flagstaff, Ariz., will be awed by the beauty of the stark desert, the striking plateaus, and startling rock formations. But they'll also see cars and trucks filled with Navajos leaving the reservation to commute to low-paying jobs because the reservation doesn't have enough employers.

http://www.latimes.com/CNS_DAYS/990114/t000003981.html The universe is more like a city than a clock. A clock needs a clockmaker to create it, and wind it up. But cities--like species--spring into existence seemingly of their own accord. "If a city can make itself, without a maker," he concludes, "why can the same not be true of the universe?" The good news in all this is that the universe is not, as some people suspect, an accident waiting to happen. It's an accident that happened 15 billion years ago.

http://www7.mercurycenter.com/premium/scitech/docs/blacksea12.htm Columbia University marine geologists came forward in 1996 with evidence suggesting that a catastrophic flood of the Black Sea 7,600 years ago could have inspired the flood account in the Babylonian epic of Gilgamesh and, in turn, the story of Noah. The thesis has inspired a wave of archaeological and other scientific research in the previously neglected Black Sea region. ``It has captured the archaeological community's attention and enthusiasm,'' Ryan said in a recent interview. ``The atmosphere has changed in just two years. People from many countries are keen to take part in exploring the idea.''

http://news.bbc.co.uk:80/hi/english/world/americas/newsid_254000/254568.stm Archaeologists in El Salvador are struggling to protect important heritage sites which have been preserved under volcanic ash for thousands of years.

http://nt.excite.com:80/news/pr/990114/tx-greyhound-service Greyhound and Mexican bus carriers will provide through-bus service between five Southwestern states and several cities in Mexico -- scheduled bus service from any point in Mexico to any point in the United States. For fare and schedule information, contact Greyhound at 800-231-2222, or www.greyhound.com.

http://www.abcnews.go.com/sections/science/DailyNews/hominidfood990115.html Analyzing carbon atoms locked up in tooth enamel, two researchers challenge the widely held belief that Australopithecus africanus an upright, walking pre-human hominid that lived in southern Africa ate little more than fruits and leaves.

http://www.boston.com/dailynews/wirehtml/014/Remnants_of_stone_age_hunting_shelt.shtml Traces of the oldest manmade shelter in sub-Saharan Africa, built by Stone Age hunters at least 10,000 years ago, have been found in northern South Africa, an archaeologist reported Thursday.