The 1999 Arizona Archaeology Awarness Month poster is now on line at Click on "Posters."

SCIENTISTS SEEK TO STUDY KENNEWICK MAN'S BURIAL PLACE 01/05/99 03:09AM Eight anthropologists suing for the right to study Kennewick Man have renewed their call for a thorough scientific examination of the site where the 9,300-year-old skeleton was found. In a report filed Monday in federal court in Portland, attorneys for the scientists said a short five-day study led by the Army Corps of Engineers did not answer some important questions, including: _Whether Kennewick Man was buried intentionally. _Whether there was any human occupation at the site that might provide information about his cultural affiliation. _Where the skeleton was originally located before it apparently was washed out of a terrace. ``None of the issues about the site have been resolved, so we're going to keep hammering away so hopefully one of these days we can get in and study the site,'' said Alan L. Schneider, a Portland attorney representing the anthropologists in the lawsuit. Gary A. Huckleberry, a geoarchaeologist at Washington State University in Pullman, Wash., wants permission to begin test excavations at the site along the Columbia River at Kennewick, Wash., about Feb. 1. He proposes to dig a 30-foot-long shallow trench perpendicular to the bank where Kennewick Man was found. Saying the site needed protection from erosion and artifact-hunters, the corps buried the beach site with boulders and other debris in April, despite the protests of scientists and two members of Washington's congressional delegation. While a site study is being proposed, plans are going forward to conduct the first tests on the skeleton itself, according to a report filed with the court by federal attorneys handling the lawsuit. They said the initial studies are expected to begin at the University of Washington's Burke Museum in Seattle in late February or early March. The tests would help determine whether the ancient remains are those of an American Indian and, if so, whether they can be linked to a modern tribe. Tests would include examining the bones and teeth, comparing the skeleton's characteristics with ancient American Indian populations and analyzing the spear point embedded in the pelvis. If those studies aren't adequate, more tests could include DNA sampling and radiocarbon dating. Who will conduct the tests is being discussed, said Francis P. McManamon, chief archaeologist with the National Park Service who is in charge of deciding what to do with the remains. ``We're expecting to have that team named by the end of January,'' he said. ``We're still in the midst of figuring out the means of getting them hired.''

TRIBAL OFFICIALS PREPARE TO REPATRIATE AND REBURY ANCESTRAL REMAINS 01/05/99 01:28AM After traveling a circuitous route, the remains of about 75 ancient members of the Caddo Nation will soon arrive at a final resting place their descendants hope won't be disturbed. Officials with the tribe on Monday began making plans for the repatriation and reburial of the remains, which a construction crew unearthed in 1977 near Hugo Lake. They are being stored in Tulsa by a division of the Army Corps of Engineers. ``They have been tossed around and held out for so long, it will be nice to know they will soon have a final resting place and they will be there forever,'' Brien Haumpo, the tribe's lone archaeologist, said. ``For them, it will end their journey.'' Tribal officials hope to hold a special ceremony for the reburial in February. Haumpo said the ceremony probably would include wrapping the remains of females in a shawl and the remains of males in a blanket and burning cedar. ``This is important because we're finally taking care of these people who should have been taken care of years ago,'' Stacey Halfmoon, the tribe's cultural preservation director, said. For the past five years, Ms. Halfmoon has tracked down and logged the remains of Caddo people and ancient objects for repatriation. ``These are our ancestors, ... and this is a big responsibility for the Caddo people,'' she said. The traditional homeland of the Caddo is in the area of the four corners of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas. ``This is one small step in showing respect to the ancestors,'' Robert Cast, the tribe's historic preservation officer, said. ``These people have ceremonies to send their dead away. Finally, this is going to be done _ and by the right people.'' Cast is negotiating with Pilgrim's Pride Corp. over the future repatriation of remains and ancient objects at a burial site in Texas. The company owns a large tract of land in Camp County _ the heart of the Caddos' traditional homeland _ and bulldozed two known Caddo burial sites last year. The Environmental Protection Agency halted construction at the site until an agreement between the company and the tribe can be reached. Texas does not have laws to protect unmarked grave sites on private land. ``We found out about it only after letters started going to the Texas Historical Commission from concerned citizens who heard rumors that graves were being disturbed,'' Cast said. ``...Two burial sites have been completely obliterated.''

GROUP PROPOSES NEW LAND TRUST PROGRAM 01/05/99 01:16AM New Hampshire should revive its land conservation program and spend $12 million annually to protect natural, historical and cultural resources, the New Hampshire Land and Community Heritage Commission said today. Pressures on the state's resources from growth and sprawl are seriously affecting citizens' quality of life, the commission said in its interim report released today. The Legislature created the commission last year to study the issue. Sen. Rick Russman, R-Kingston, commission co-chairman, said the program would be patterned after the Land Conservation Investment Program that protected 100,876 acres worth $83 million. The state spent $48 million on the program between 1987 and 1993. ``These resources are what defines us as a state and provides backbone for our tourism, agriculture and forest industries,'' said Russman. Since the Legislature will be focusing this year on solving its education funding problems, lawmakers should make a commitment to fund the land conservation program next year at the latest, the commission said. It also wants lawmakers to spend $30,000 to continue its work in 1999. Its final report is due Nov. 30. The commission envisions providing funding to communities, publicly supported non-profits and state agencies through grants, block grants, loans and loan guarantees. It suggests raising the state's tax on land sales, using money from inheritances, room rentals and restaurant meals, and perhaps a new levy on entertainment to pay for the program. It would earmark 30 percent of the money for state agency projects. The money would pay for easements, rehabilitation, acquisition, stewardship and other costs to preserve archaeological sites, buildings, ecologically significant lands, public water supplies, farmland, forestland, habitat for rare species, historic properties, recreation land, shorelands, scenic areas and wetlands. A minimum 40 percent match _ at least half in cash and the rest in in-kind services or land value _ from the private sector or local governments would be required for project approval. A new authority similar to the New Hampshire Housing Finance Authority would run the program. The commission said projects should be selected based on their uniqueness, threatened loss or development, links to other protected resources, strength of local and private support, degree of cooperation among communities, ability to leverage other funding and ability to provide stewardship. All projects would involve willing buyers and sellers and not include taking through eminent domain. Public access for hunting, fishing and passive recreational activities, but not camping, would be required for funding in most cases. Worth's Museum of Science and History presents Hands On History, an interactive exhibit designed to acquaint visitors with the rituals and activities of the 19th-century North Texas frontier. Some Dana Point residents are trying to save roadside advertising relics of the 1920s and '30s before they're outlawed by a new ordinance. A fledgling effort has begun to preserve the last of the funky old signs, some with Art Deco shapes and blocky lettering, before a city deadline in August. That's when all outmoded signs in the city are supposed to come down, except those declared worth saving. The Manteņo, trading by ocean with people as far north as the Aztecs in what is now Mexico, were making voyages of 3,000 or 4,000 miles, perhaps as many as 600 or 700 years before Columbus arrived. Researchers will examine the pharmacological plants that grow in the homelands of the Tzeltal and Tzotzil Maya of Chiapas. We now have a good idea of the most important species plants that are used in traditional curing by the Highland Maya; we just don't yet know how they work. A research expedition involving a Colorado archaeologist will climb Mount Everest in March, hoping to solve the mystery of whether Englishmen George Mallory and Andrew Irvine were the first humans to reach the summit of the world's tallest mountain in 1924. The team will climb above 28,000 feet and search for a frozen, 75year-old camera that Mallory was known to be carrying. The theory is that the team certainly would have taken photos of each other if they had reached the summit. If the camera has remained intact and not let any light in, the frozen film can still be processed. "Project Everology,'' an archaeological study of the early base camps of Everest, will be led by archaeologist Gary Moore of Lyons. Moore, will train the climbers on how to search for Mallory. He will provide them with metal detectors, highly accurate global positioning systems and other high-tech search equipment. Television culture As a form of cultural expression, fashion always reflects the deepest concerns of society. What does fashion reveal about the Cold War, now that it is over? With the benefit of hindsight, it becomes clear that like World War II, the Cold War was fought by men and women in uniform: the grey flannel suit of corporate America, the blue cotton suit of Maoist China, the trenchcoat of spies on both sides of the conflict, and the blue jeans of the young people everywhere who protested against it.