HISTORY BUFFS ANGRY THEY WEREN'T TOLD OF DEPOT'S SIGNIFICANCE 02/22/99 Residents are angry that they were never told of a consultant's recommendation that the entire 1,100-acre Defense Depot Ogden should be designated a National Historic District. Now the plan to redevelop the depot is well underway. "We were told there was nothing of historical significance on that site," said Bill Morris, former chairman of the planning commission for Marriott Township. "It was all a lie." The 88-page report, completed in April 1997 by Sagebrush Consultants of Ogden, cites rare World War II structures and the fact that DDO was Utah's largest WWII prisoner of war camp among reasons for the designation. The study recommended that all of DDO be listed as a National Historic District, including 80 buildings. But Mike Pavich, head of the Ogden Local Redevelopment Authority that is overseeing reuse of the property, contends that the former military base's history was considered and plans include some preservation. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers commissioned the Sagebrush report, and after reading it, decided to photograph and document the existing historic buildings and other significant features of the property, then give the collection to Weber State University's library for safekeeping, Pavich said. They also are going to build a recreational trail across the property that will connect Historic Bingham's Fort located on one side to the Ogden Nature Center on the other. In November, Ogden officials agreed to buy the property from the Department of the Army for $5.9 million. The Utah Legislature appropriated almost $1 million for the downpayment in 1997. The rest of the money is to come from leases and sales revenue. Area residents say they never heard of the report before last summer when it was discovered by a resident doing research on the historic Bingham's Fort area, which lies just beyond DDO's boundary. Local railroad historians have said a section of the original Central Pacific transcontinental rail bed also runs across the property. Pavich said he has heard that it does, but no one has documented exactly where it is because the railroad gave the right-of-way to the military in the 1940s. Historians contend that in 1870, one year after the Transcontinental Railroad opened, Congress set the junction of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads on a site that is now within the DDO property. "Ogden's symbol is the golden spike, and yet we are plowing up the transcontinental railway into Ogden," Morris said in a telephone interview from Wyoming, where he is attending law school. According to minutes from a July 29, 1997, meeting of the Restoration Advisory Board _ the group that helped determine the direction of DDO's reuse _ Pavich's group didn't want the place designated a historic district. The redevelopment authority "has indicated that they do not want the property if it is made a historical district," the meeting minutes say. During WWII, 4,700 Italian and German prisoners of war were incarcerated at DDO. It was Utah's largest prison camp and the only one in the country in which German and Italian prisoners worked side-by-side, the report says. The consultants said they found no archaeological or American Indian artifacts on the property. Even though some preservation plans are in the works, the overall historic designation should at least have been discussed publicly as a viable part of the redevelopment plans, said Duncan Torr Murray, Marriott-Slaterville city attorney. Having such a district where Ogden and Weber County history could be showcased would be a big draw for visitors and area schoolchildren, and businesses still could move into parts of it and profit too, he said. "There are all these things there, but Ogden just refuses to look at multiple uses," Murray said. "They're just going to bulldoze and trash all this stuff. You just can't replace that. Once it's bulldozed, it's gone."

DOCTOR SAYS SOUTHWEST'S VALLEY FEVER BECOMING NATIONAL CONCERN 02/21/99 To University of Arizona physician John Galgiani, valley fever is more than a Southwestern sickness. The flu-like disease is becoming a national concern, he said. More and more people, many of whom have suppressed immune systems, are moving into Sun Belt states like Arizona and thus facing greater exposure to the fever, Galgiani said. A disease of the lungs, valley fever is caused by breathing in the fungus Coccidioides immitis, which grows abundantly in the Sonoran Desert soil of southern Arizona and other dry soils of the Southwest. The disease has been recognized as a significant medical entity since the 1890s. The doctor, who's director of UA's Valley Fever Center for Excellence, penned his blunt warning about the disease's national impact and potential in the Feb. 16 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine. "The mobility of modern society makes what was once a disease of regional importance now one that must be considered relevant throughout the country," Galgiani wrote. In the article, he called for additional research into the biology, immunology and treatment of valley fever. He would also like to see the development of a vaccine. "Approaches that seemed useful to manage a problem affecting small rural populations may now need to be revised for a risk that affects millions of persons," he added. Most people recover in a few weeks from the fever's flu-like symptoms and fatigue. An estimated nine of 10 cases go undiagnosed. "Their immune system kicks in, and that's all it takes," said Galgiani, who's also chief of the infectious diseases section at Tucson VA Medical Center. But complications can included pneumonia and ruptured lung cavities, which can cause chest pain and require surgery. People with AIDS, organ transplant patients taking medicines to suppress immunity and others with weakened immune systems may be unable to prevent the spread of the fungus to other parts of the body, including bones, joints and the nervous system. Meningitis is the most serious and potentially lethal complication of the disease. Valley fever is prevalent in the southern parts of New Mexico, Nevada and Utah as well as in the central valleys of California, western Texas and southern Arizona. The latter three areas have among the fastest-growing populations in the Southwest. About 100,000 news infections in the Southwest are recorded each year. Since 1971, The National Trust has sponsored Preservation Week as a major event to showcase grassroots preservation activities nationwide: "Protecting The Irreplaceable" May 9-15, 1999. A free Preservation Week Kit includes a full-color poster. Contacting the National Trust at or call 202-588-6141. FYI: The March Issue of Preservation Magazine features an article on adobe home construction in Presidio Texas. The article discusses the ideas of a woman whom is applying Middle Eastern (Egyptian) construction techniques to adobe for production of low-cost, low income housing (the article notes that adobe construction in the US is presently focused on the high-income market. Smithsonian (March 1999) magazine freatures an article on Carolina dog, a dog that may provide clues to the primitive dogs that arrived with the First Humans in America. The 'Carolina dog' is a hypothesis that there still exists in certain parts of the United States remnant groups of dogs whose morphological, behavioral, ecological and genetic traits may approximate those of the first dogs to enter North America. FYI: This issue of the magazine also features an article on meteorite collectors and contains a picture of an individual searching with a metal detector in the desert outside of Tucson.

Also Note: Page 141 of the March issue has a job announcement inviting applications and nominations for the position of the Secretary of the Institution (Chief Executive Officer): Smithsonian Magazine March 1999, Pp. 141: SECRETARY Smithsonian Institution -- The Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution invites applications and nominations for the position of Secretary of the Institution. The Secretary is the chief executive officer of the Smithsonian who sets the course for the Institution, presides over a broad scope of programs and collections, develops and maintains support to meet present and future needs, and undertakes long-term planning in fulfillment of the Institution's fundamental mission for "the increase and diffusion of knowledge." As the chief executive officer, the Secretary is responsible for the development and oversight of a wide variety of activities, including research, publishing, exhibition and educational programs in the sciences, the arts, and history. Attendant responsibilities include: supervision of museum, laboratory, and library operations; public relations and fund raising (a major national capital campaign is about to be initiated); support services; and business activities and educational outreach. The Secretary administers an annual operating budget of over $700 million in Federal appropriations, grants and contracts, and non-appropriated Trust Funds, directing approximately 4,350 Civil Service staff, 2,150 non-Feteral employees and 5,000 volunteers. The Secretary presides over 16 museums and galleries, a zoological park, and several major scientific research installations (including an astrophysical observatory, a tropical biology station, and estuarine and marine research centers). The Secretary represents the Institution before the Congress, the Executive Branch, professional societies, educational institutions, foundations and granting organizations, over two million Associate members, and the public. Candidates should have an advanced degree in a field of study relevant to the Smithsonian. Additionally, candidates should have a record of superior scholarly accomplishment, a facility for written and oral communication, relevant administrative experience in a complex institution, exceptional leadership ability, and demonstrated abilities to work effectively with a governing board as well as public and private sectors. Nominations and applications, together with curricula vitae, should be sent to the following address and received by March 19, 1999: James M. Hobbins, Secretary to the Search Committee, Smithsonian Institution, Room SI-2l5, 1000 Jefferson Drive, SW Washington, DC 20560-0016. All applications and nominations will be treated confidentially. The Smithsonian Institution is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. "Volunteer Vacations: Short-Term Adventures That Will Benefit You and Others." Archaeological excavations have more volunteer hours given to them than any other type of activity, according to McMillon. Also in the top three are trips that require social service - such as building homes with Habitat for Humanity - and those that have an environmental focus. A chance to reassemble the Parthenon ? What's the catch? Well, the marbles would be fakes - perfect fakes - scanned onto computer from the original pieces held at 11 sites in Britain, Italy, Germany, Austria and France, and cut by computer-controlled lathes. And the Greeks, who have long demanded the return of their treasures, might not settle for fakes. "We could put the parts back together again. We can go back in history," says John Larsen, head of sculpture conservation at the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside. "The replica is now so accurate nobody would notice." Conservators are pioneering computer-based techniques to make copies of 3-D works of art that are flawless to the naked eye.,1575,SAV-9902230124,00.html Paddock, whose hobby is historical research, explored among the old boxes beneath the cellar trapdoor and was ecstatic to find a cache of preliminary Market Square drawings by renowned architect Howard Van Doren Shaw -- thousands of blueprints, drawings, receipts and letters related to the square's creation -- significant in part because Market Square is considered by architectural historians to be the precursor to modern-day shopping centers. Some lawmakers want to tap into the money oil companies pay the government to fund additional conservation efforts. Sen. Barbara Boxer, D-Calif. and Rep. George Miller, D-Martinez, plan to introduce legislation Tuesday to guarantee more than $2 billion for projects including urban parks, historic preservation, and restoration. The biggest price tag would involve $350 million to states to develop and implement comprehensive native wildlife conservation plans. Private entities would get $300 million in grants for conservation, restoration and management of ocean fish and wildlife. Urban parks would see $100 million in matching grants while $150 million would go toward historic preservation. Native Americans and Mexican Americans are more likely than members of other ethnic groups to be killed in traffic accidents involving alcohol, according to the first study of ethnicity and drinking in highway deaths.