Got CALICHE ? http://www.swanet.org/caliche.html

http://www.tcu.edu/depts/prs/amwest/ A literary History of the American West

From: Debbie Canright, SWAT Swarchy@aol.com HB2397 was passed by the Public Institutions and Universities Committee unamended on Feb. 16th. The bill has now been assigned to the House Appropriations Committee htp://www.azleg.state.az.us/committee/happrop.htm. Several members of the PIU committee are also members of H Approp. As soon as I find out the hearing date for HB2397, I'll pass it along.

From: Kevin Jones kjones@history.state.ut.us Utah Legislature Does Something Good: Bill Would Provide Protection For Ancient Indian Remains BY SHAWN FOSTER THE SALT LAKE TRIBUNE For many years, Utah's American Indian leaders have complained that state law did not protect the resting places of their ancestors in the same way it did the cemeteries dug for European explorers and Mormon pioneers. In a unanimous vote Wednesday, the state Senate passed a bill that makes it a felony to intentionally desecrate ancient Indian remains found on private land. The measure already has been approved by the House. "We're making it clear that ancient human remains must receive the same kind of respect, and deserve the same sanctity, as the dead of European descent who lie under headstones," said state archaeologist Kevin Jones, who helped draft the bill. "Pothunters," who would be called "grave robbers" if they plied their trade in cemeteries, have for decades plundered American Indian burial sites -- without any fear of going to jail. Indeed, a Monticello judge ruled in 1997 that a doctor and his wife in southern Utah were innocent of desecrating an ancient Indian grave because prehistoric bones do not constitute a "dead human body" under the state's grave-robbing statute. The law, he wrote, was intended to "keep people from digging around in graveyards." The Attorney General's Office appealed the ruling as racist, but the Utah Appeals Court declared the issue was moot because the defendant's own attorneys conceded excavating an Anasazi burial was no different than digging up a grave in a city cemetery. New charges against the couple from Blanding -- James and Jeanne Redd -- have been filed. The case against the Redds galvanized support for what was to become House Bill 192. Already, there are federal and state penalties for disturbing remains on publicly owned lands. The bill, sponsored by Rep. Eli Anderson D-Tremonton, elevates the penalties for looting archaeological sites on state land so that they reflect the punishment for robbing sites on federal lands. It also declares that prehistoric remains are protected -- whether they are found on private or public land. The proposed measure would make any vandalism of an archaeological site a third-degree felony, punishable by up to 5 years in prison, if the vandals do more than $500 damage. Currently, vandalism of archaeological sites is a class B misdemeanor.