COLONIZATION MONUMENT PROPOSAL LEAVES OUT EXPLORER ONATE 02/11/99 Spanish explorer Don Juan de Onate may be left out of a monument commemorating the 400th anniversary of New Mexico's colonization _ a move that to some shows sensitivity but to others smacks of political correctness. The original proposal honored Onate, the man who led the expedition, as the founder of New Mexico. But that stirred heated debate as some critics contended the proposed statue _ at Albuquerque's Tiguex Park near Old Town _ would be an insult to American Indians. Historians disagree on the details, but records indicate Onate authorized the killing and brutal treatment of Pueblo Indians following his arrival in 1598. A 13-member committee was put together to resolve the conflict, and that group is proposing a memorial without Onate that focuses on the coexistence of Hispanics and indigenous people. Its findings were presented to the Albuquerque Arts Board on Wednesday. ``There is no judgment of who is right and wrong, or who did what to whom,'' said Gordon Church, public art coordinator. ``This is probably the fairest way that we can present it to our diverse society, to allow for a diversity of interpretations.'' He said it is sensitive because it ``basically presents both of our cultures in a positive light.'' Darva Chino, an Acoma native, said the key point to her was that Onate not be acknowledged. ``In that first mock-up, he was overwhelmingly dominating,'' Chino said. She said it was also important that all Hispanic settlers, not just soldiers, be represented. But Millie Santillanes, an outspoken supporter of a memorial to Onate, was not pleased with the committee's proposal. ``What has happened here is that the Hispanic culture has been denied an expression of what is important to them for the sake of political correctness,'' Santillanes said. ``We have been denied what we asked for,'' she said. ``It was never meant to be a piece of art representing two cultures. It was only a commemoration to the 400th anniversary when Don Juan de Onate arrived here.'' Church said public comment will be taken on Feb. 21 before the Arts Board considers the committee's proposed changes to the project on Feb. 24. The committee's report suggests a group of main figures, including Hispanic settlers and native peoples, in ``peaceful activity or relationship with one another, symbolizing coexistence or mutual enrichment of separate cultural entities and their respective integrities. Their relationship is free from suggestion of social dominance or subordination.'' Church said the findings call for a memorial that leaves history somewhat open to the interpretation of the viewer. ``It could include, for example, a kneeling Spanish soldier ... but it relies on the viewer whether they choose to see that Hispanic soldier, for example, as Onate or not.'' He said someone with a traditional perspective might, for example, tell their children the kneeling figure is Onate. An American Indian parent, he said, might just say it's a Spanish soldier.

ARCHAEOLOGIST LOOKING FOR CLUES TO CRASH OF WWII BOMBER 02/11/99 The Navy has offered to provide sonar for the effort to locate a World War II-era bomber that crashed 55 years ago in Badin Lake. Wendy Coble, an underwater archaeologist who is writing a book on aviation history, hopes to begin searching for the B-25 Mitchell this month. ``I look at this kind of like detectives look at a murder scene,'' said Coble, who wants to determine why the plane crashed. ``We're looking for every little bit of evidence to tell the tale.'' Marine Corps 2nd Lt. Charles McDaniel and co-pilot John E. Withrow were killed June 8, 1944, when the plane crashed en route to the Marine air station at Cherry Point. Naval records indicate McDaniel went off course to fly over his house and was at fault for crashing the B-25, according to Coble. ``The story is that he told his wife he would fly over the house three times to say goodbye,'' Coble said. But others believe the airplane's engines backfired. They claimed they smelled gasoline just before the crash, indicating McDaniel discharged the plane's fuel to avoid an explosion on impact. The Navy located the plane shortly after the crash, Coble said, but was unable to retrieve it. A salvage report filed by the Navy included a map pinpointing the wreckage location, but the map was lost. ``Naval reports state that the plane was severely damaged, but don't clearly specify whether it reached the bottom in one piece or several pieces,'' she said. Coble said a 1993 recovery effort by the Carolina's Historic Aviation Commission in Richfield was the last attempted. She expects to have help from that agency and the Navy in the search. Any plane wreckage found will be stored in the aviation commission's museum, she said. The project's budget will be about $18,000, but the group needs about $5,000 to begin the effort by Feb. 21. If the funds are not raised by that date, Coble said the project will be launched this fall. Bobbi S. Low, is the author of "Why Sex Matters: A Darwinian Look at Human Behavior," forthcoming this year from Princeton University Press. In the book, Low draws on biology, anthropology, economics, and many other disciplines to analyze the high-stakes evolutionary game of reproduction. One technique---a risky, costly, and seemingly meaningless advertisement of one's quality as a mate---usually occurs when neither resources nor females can be controlled economically. As a mating strategy, Low observes, it's a little weak. You see it in forest-dwelling grouse drumming on a hollow log. And you also see it, she adds, in teen-age boys on skateboards. Three hand-woven Indian baskets stolen from the Nevada Historical Society more than 20 years ago and valued at nearly $1 million were returned Thursday. Led by ASU archaeologist Saburo Sugiyama, archaeologists found a skeleton of a man who died about 1,800 years ago. He was buried among rich offerings of greenstone figurines, obsidian knives, eagles and jaguars. The Carlsbad Caverns Digital Cave Painting Expedition will take place on Monday, March 1, 1999. A DEXpedition team will descend into the Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico and electronically "paint" the cave walls with artwork created by students. The team will be projecting the images on the cave walls. Photos taken during the preliminary tests are available at On March 1st, the actual projected images can be seen on the DEX Web site at