It works! The portal on the bottom of the SWA home page. Everytime you use it as your portal to make a book, music or video purchase, Amazon rebates to SWA a modest five percent referral fee. In Q4 1998 your purchases returned a referral fee of about $65. This helps to ameliorate SWA's incidental operational expenses. Thank you!


From: (Lee Gripp) I thought you might be interested to know that Mark Varien's book "Sand Canyon Archaeological Project Site Testing" is now online at This book is a research project involving 13 sites and includes over 300 photos, and maps of the region. It will also be available on cd-rom through the University of Arizona Press. If you get a chance take a look and let me know what you think. Crow Canyon Archaeological Center Director of Information Systems, Lee Gripp, 23390 Rd K, Cortez, Co 81321; ph 970-565-8975 ext 138; fax 970-565-4859

[ SASIG Ed. Note -- Now linked on SWA Colorado page at ]


From: Teresa Paglione To: (Arizona Republic)

>> Reno, who once dreamed of becoming an archaeologist, had students transform Poston Junior High School library by building an Egyptian tomb, replete with hieroglyphs and sculptures. "I hope one of these kids becomes an archaeologist," she said. <<

I enjoyed your article. The enthusiasm of the kids and teachers was apparent in your writing. I just think that with all the prehistoric and historic archeological sites, it is a shame that schools and students don't see what is in their own back yard and take advantage of nearby resources. Or fight to conserve them. Not everything is or has to be as spectacular or famous as the pyramids of Egypt. Or Cahokia Mounds (near St. Louis). Or the Alamo. Or Tombstone. And it is a shame that these same young people and your readers will go away with the idea that archeologists look for and dig up sites just for the treasures and grand artifacts they can then send to a museum.

Some of that is our (archeologists) fault, but a good deal of can be put at the feet of the media. Very rarely is the true story of what we do every day - and why we do it - related. We don't do archeology to find neat stuff. We don't keep what we find. Not everything we find is important. Not everything is worth seeing in a museum - most of it is broken and unrecognizable until someone does some hard research and studying. Unfortunately, the general population has got the wrong idea about us. Hopefully, none of us Indiana Jones characters; we are not all like Howard Carter or Heinrich Schliemann (found Troy in 1800's). And we aren't the ones out there stopping roads or haphazardly digging up Indian graves all over the place. Or dragging supposed historic trunks of artifacts out of the desert....

For instance - the case of the old trunk found by Freeman(? - I don't recall his name ) - newspapers across the US picked up the story that this man found an old pioneer trunk and dragged it home - planning to keep it out of looters' hands... oh sorry - gonna give it to a museum... oh - yeah - gonna give it to the Smithsonian ---well ok, maybe the National Park Service can have it. (Now it turns out to be just a hoax, apparently) I am - and others are particularly aggravated when some persons are referred to as "amateur archeologists" just because they like history or artifact collecting. If this guy really was an archeologist, he would know better than to remove items of historic significance (or insignificance) from Federal lands. That is not just unethical - it is illegal -- and most REAL students of archeology/anthropology and all professional archeologists know that. And yet the media keep justifying this idiot's "amateur" status by referring to it as if it is his title. From what I can tell (contact with other archeologists in the area), nobody knows him. He has no reputation as an archeologist - amateur or professional.

Ahh, but I digress - I wanted this to be a positive email - you did a good job (from what I saw on the internet). I just hope you do a little follow-up research, find an archeologist to talk to who specializes in the prehistory and history of your LOCAL area. Or contact the State Historic Preservation Office for more information. Or get on the net - there are several wonderful web pages about archeology. Check out or Then again, one of us probably should contact you. I have, but I do not specialize or even recall much of the southwest's history. Please take advantage of the web pages and hunt one of us down. It may be your next good lead on a story. . . more likely several of them.

Thanks for your time, Teresa Paglione Cultural Resources Specialist USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service


MIXED EMOTIONS DURING CELEBRATION OF EXPANDED STATE HIGHWAY 02/03/99 Chumash Indians joined state transportation workers to celebrate the completion of a project to widen state Highway 126, a stretch of roadway that earned the nickname ``Blood Alley.'' The state has been working 15 years, and spent $60.6 million, to widen the 32-mile stretch from two lanes to four lanes. According to the state Department of Transportation, accidents along the highway caused 825 injuries and 49 deaths between January 1992 and January 1997. During construction, crews discovered American Indian human bone fragments, as well as milling stones, remnants of plant seeds, arrowheads and bowls dating back several thousand years. Chumash Indians have reclaimed the human remains and reburied them in a private ceremony at a different location. Beverly Folks, a Chumash who spoke at Tuesday's ceremony, thanked Caltrans for its careful handling of the artifacts and remains. ``It was heartbreaking and very emotional to see their remains dug up,'' Folks said. ``They've been reburied where they will never be disturbed again.'' Chumash Indian spiritual leader Alan Salazar offered a blessing to the expanded highway. ``This is extremely difficult for a lot of reasons,'' Salazar said. ``My ancestors lived here and many of their remains were right underneath that road. ... But we can't stop development. We haven't been able to stop it for the last 500 years.'' The scenic route travels through miles of rolling hills, citrus groves and other agriculture, stretching from Interstate 5 near Santa Clarita to Santa Paula in Ventura County.

HISTORIANS SEEK TURN-OF-CENTURY TELESCOPE 02/02/99 01:20PM DEL NORTE, Colo. (AP) _ Del Norte residents who are seeking to re-create some of their town's history are searching for a telescope that graced an observatory atop Lookout Mountain about the turn of the century. The Lookout Mountain Association is seeking to return an observatory to the area, according to member Nancy Schrader. In the late 1890s, Del Norte was the site of Presbyterian College of the Southwest, and as part of the college's programs, it had an observatory on the mountain. The association's goal is to find the original telescope, Schrader said. Property already has been donated for an observatory and Superintendent Darrell Myers said it could be used for a variety of classes in the school's programs. Schrader said a number of telescopes of the same vintage already have been located.

ZIA PUEBLO SEEKS COMPENSATION FOR STATE'S USE OF SYMBOL 02/03/99 03:14AM SANTA FE (AP) _ The state of New Mexico was never authorized to use Zia Pueblo's sacred sun symbol on the state flag and should compensate the pueblo, tribal leaders have told lawmakers. The tribe wants the Legislature to approve a payment of $74 million _ $1 million for each year of the allegedly unauthorized use. ``The people of Zia were never compensated or consulted about the use of the Zia sun symbol,'' Gov. Amadeo Shije told members of the House Business and Industry Committee on Tuesday. ``You have taken something of great value from us, and ... encouraged others to do the same,'' he said. The committee took no vote on the legislation because its chairman, Rep. Fred Luna, D-Los Lunas, was absent. Shije told lawmakers the distinctive symbol was adopted by New Mexico as the state symbol, and put on the flag, in 1925, thirteen years after statehood. The design was copied from a ceremonial vase made by a Zia Pueblo member, he said. The design is widely used, not just as the official state symbol there are pins on lapels all over the Capitol _ but by businesses and organizations. The ancient symbol has been ``diminished by its casual use,'' Shije said. ``The non-Indian has just assumed that this was theirs for the taking. It's wrong in anybody's book,'' said Bill Weahkee of Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos, an organization of five Sandoval County tribes. The bill says that in addition to the compensation for past use, Gov. Gary Johnson _ who turned an ``o'' in his name into a sun symbol for his campaign logo _ would negotiate a contract for the continued use of the symbol by the state. The Zia governor would not elaborate on the religious significance of the symbol, a circle from which radiate four points each made of up four straight lines of varying length. But a state brochure distributed to Capitol visitors says four is the sacred number of Zia _ embodied in the earth, with its four directions; the year, with its four seasons; the day, with its sunrise, noon, evening and night; and life, with its divisions of childhood, youth, manhood and old age. The brochure also says that the Zia believe man has four sacred obligations: to develop a strong body, a clear mind, a pure spirit and a devotion to the welfare of his people. A similar measure was introduced in 1995, seeking $70 million, but was not passed.

MAN ARRESTED IN ARSON ON HOPI RESERVATION 02/02/99 06:37PM KYKOTSMOVI, Ariz. (AP) _ A 21-year-old Nevada man has been arrested for allegedly setting fire to a school, church and his vehicle on the Hopi Reservation. Officers with the Hopi Bureau of Indian Affairs arrested Keith Joseph Lesch of Reno, Nev., after finding him hiding under a woven blanket near Kykotsmovi. Hopi BIA chief investigator Alfonso Sakeva said Lesch told him that he wanted to send a message to the Hopi government that it was corrupting the minds of the people. Lesch also told police that he planned to set fire to the Hopi tribal and legislative offices but did not have time Saturday. Sakeva said Lesch had come to the Hopi Reservation to learn the Hopi way of life but became upset when he found out the elder who was going to instruct him died. Lugo, an anthropology professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, an expert on Northern Mexico, the American Southwest and U.S. latino communities, said he is excited about having an opportunity to develop a cultural center in a major urban area. He said his vision for the center includes degree programs in Mexican-American history and culture and community outreach programs. A list of urban oxymorons might be topped by "historic preservation in Las Vegas." A determined few are struggling to save some remnants of Las Vegas' past. And more than ever before, they are achieving small victories. The first challenge of historic preservation in Las Vegas is persuading people that there is anything worth preserving. The Computerworld Smithsonian Awards Program identifies and honors individuals whose visionary use of information technology produces positive social, economic and educational change. The portal includes preserved original Olympic artwork, photographs and documents. AAFLA's PortalWare-powered site ( goes live this week. Glyphica will become part of the Smithsonian's Permanent Research Collection and its CEO will be honored in a medal ceremony at the Smithsonian Castle in April 1999.