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SETTLER'S CEMETERY UNCOVERED DURING ROAD PROJECT 02/01/99 An early settler's family cemetery has been discovered on the site of a $3.2 million road expansion project after a backhoe operator uncovered nails and discolored soil in the shape of two coffins. The state project to widen FM 1409, about 15 miles east of Houston, has been halted while officials unearth the remains and rebury them elsewhere. In the meantime, official notice has been printed in the local newspapers to alert any descendants of plantation owner John Carman that the Carman family cemetery has been found. The cemetery, located on a bluff near a bridge that crosses Old River on FM 1409, is supposed to include five graves with burials from 1850 to 1867, according to historical records. Evidence of two of those graves has been found and there are plans to search for a third, but two others are believed to have been covered when FM 1409 first was built, said Texas Department of Transportation engineer Ed Seymour. After being warned of the cemetery's existence by a Chambers County historian, a backhoe operator spent three days digging before uncovering the nails and discolored soil around two graves. No markers or bones have been found. Plans call for an anthropologist and mortician to unearth the remains and rebury them in new coffins in another family cemetery nearby that belonged to Carman's brother-in-law, Dr. Edward G. Hartman, a German immigrant and physician. Local historian Kevin Ladd said Carman was born in 1816 in Tennessee and had a plantation in Louisiana before settling in Old River. Records indicate he had nine children with his first wife and four with his second wife. After fighting in the Civil War, Carman relocated to Jasper and Newton counties. He died at age 59 and was buried in San Antonio in 1875, Ladd told the Houston Chronicle in Monday's editions. The five people buried at the Chambers County site are his daughter, Mary Emily Carman, who drowned at age 4 in 1850; his maternal grandmother, Mary Hart, who died at age 80 in 1853; his son, John Robert Carman, who drowned at age 6 in 1855; his wife, Martha Carman, who died at age 46 in 1858; and a daughter with his second wife, Amanda-Mary Willy Carman, who died at the age of 7 months in 1867.

EVEN GROUND CAN BE HISTORIC, SALTSMAN SAYS 02/02/99 When it comes to federal law, even the land where historic structures once sat is considered historic. That's good if you're a historic preservationist; bad if you want to build a highway and keep some jobs. The historic issue was brought up Monday as Commissioner Bruce Saltsman offered proof to state legislators that Tennessee's Department of Transportation is not an unresponsive bureaucracy that makes major decisions away from the public's eye. House Speaker Jimmy Naifeh appointed a special committee Jan. 12 to look into how the Transportation decides to spend $1.2 billion a year and where it goes. Naifeh cited complaints from motorists who are frustrated at construction delays and from legislators who are fed up with lack of response from TDOT. Critics testified last week that the Department of Transportation does not listen to citizen complaints on highway planning and construction. Saltsman said he and TDOT employees have met several times with critics and responded with letters. But the biggest problem, Saltsman said, is the federal government, which attaches strings to every highway construction and maintenance dollar it sends to Tennessee. A Polk County man said he's willing to tear down a potentially historic house so a new U.S. 411 won't have to make a big curve around it. A new highway will mean the relocation of some businesses and some loss of jobs, Bishop said. But Saltsman said that won't help get the new highway where Ken Bishop and other people in Benton want it. Federal highway money can't be spent on projects that affect historic property or potentially historic property. "I'm only doing what federal law tells me to do," Saltsman said. When asked is removing the 155-year-old house _ which is potentially historic only because of the way its bricks are laid _ would solve the problem, Saltsman said that's still not good enough for federal guidelines. "They tell us he can tear the house down. Now, get ready for this one, the ground is historic," he said. Bishop said the TDOT picked an alternate Polk County route that could create a long curve and go around the Nancy Ward Grave, named for a Cherokee Indian woman who likely was not buried there, and Clemmer House, named for the family who built it in 1843. Bids for the highway project have not been let. A widening project along Briley Parkway in Nashville could wind up affecting the historic Tanglewood District near the Opryland complex. Residents had complained the TDOT was not listening to their concerns about a stream and swimming pool. TDOT officials have written eight letters and met with Tanglewood residents three times, said TDOT planning director Bill moore. "We're complying with every law known to man," he said.

http://www.expressnews.com:80/pantheon/news-bus/metro/0306bmc1.shtml Native American groups fear construction of a municipal golf course is desecrating American Indian burial grounds. Not satisfied with state and federal oversight of the project, they want to see documents showing what plans exist to preserve historic sites or burial areas. The Native American Graves Protection and Repartition Act, or NAGPRA, protects Indian grave sites on federal land and land owned by entities receiving federal aid. The golf course site contains what could be 20 or more Indian burial mounds.

http://www.azcentral.com:80/sev/news/0203egypt.shtml Reno, who once dreamed of becoming an archaeologist, had students transform Poston Junior High School library by building an Egyptian tomb, replete with hieroglyphs and sculptures. "I hope one of these kids becomes an archaeologist," she said.

http://www7.mercurycenter.com:80/premium/local/docs/festival02.htm The 12th Annual Migration Festival will be held Feb. 13 at Natural Bridges State Park in Santa Cruz. The California Gold Rush beckoned thousands of people from all over the world and ignited a human migration that changed the face of America forever, particularly the West.

http://www.washingtonpost.com:80/wp-srv/WPlate/1999-02/03/140l-020399-idx.html The Army's plans to dig for canisters of WWI mustard agents in the back yard of the South Korean ambassador's residence. A little-known chapter of the area's military history, the American University Experiment Station closed after the war ended in 1918, but the past was uncovered in 1993 when a contractor digging a trench found a cache of munitions.

http://www.accessatlanta.com:80/news/1999/02/03/fbi.html Beatriz Morales Cozier, earned doctorates in bilingualism and anthropology, taught at the American Museum of Natural History and at various colleges before joining GSU in 1989. She filed suit Tuesday seeking justification why the FBI investigated her for inviting a Cuban government official to speak at a college symposium in 1994.

http://www.washingtonpost.com:80/wp-srv/WPlate/1999-02/03/011l-020399-idx.html As the story goes, thousands of years ago in China a monstrous animal attacked a village, eating the people whole in a single bite. A wise man suggested that if the beast attacked again the villagers could drive away the evil with red banners and loud sounds. A year later Nian returned. Firecrackers, gongs and drums did the trick. Nian was history. The New Year celebration was born and the feasting began.

Brian Kenny - MCDOTX From: Brian Kenny - MCDOTX Sent: Wednesday, February 03, 1999 11:53 AM To: Tom Buick - MCDOTX Subject: specialized service Chuck Merbs and I team together to conduct forensic excavations of hidden murder victims for local law enforcement agencies.

-----Original Message----- From: Charles Merbs [SMTP:Charles.Merbs@asu.edu] Sent: Wednesday, February 03, 1999 11:22 AM To: 'briankenny@mail.maricopa.gov' Subject: RE: (no subject) Hello Brian, You were featured in my Forensic Anthropology class last night. We have been talking about forensic archaeology specifically the last two classes and I showed slides of the Scottsdale play fort caper. I also showed a videotape that featured the role of archaeology in forensic work. Hope everything is going well. All the best. Chuck May there always be skeletons in your closet! Charles F. Merbs, Professor Department of Anthropology Arizona State University Tempe, AZ 85287-2402 U.S.A. Phone: (602) 965-4537 FAX: (602) 965-7671 E-mail: Charles.Merbs@asu.edu