Wednesday, December 22, 1999 / 326th edition (2.29MB in 1999)!


Send a check for $25 to SWA, P.O. Box 61203 Phoenix AZ 85082-1203. Be sure to include your snail mail mailing address and we'll send you a copy of all 1999 editions of the Got CALICHE? newsletter blurbs. You'll get a postage-paid diskette mailer with two IBM-formatted diskettes containing the very useful 1999 "Got CALICHE?" files (individual file sizes range from 1,000 to 33,000 bytes). The files are html formatted, so they open in your browser even when you are off line. The URL links to most notices and articles have expired, but the blurbs -- and our entertaining and sometimes quirky comments -- will provide you with an historical perspective of Southwestern preservation issues and trends in 1999. You've probably discovered that state archaeological council and SAA 'Current Research' web sites are out-of-date, so what better way to figure out what happened in 1999.... SWA is a 501c3 not for profit organization. Our offer to provide these newsletter files as part of a mini fund-raiser expires January 01, 2000.

KANSAS,local/37741937.c21,.html The Neighborhood Preservation Act passed last year in Missouri provides a 25 percent tax credit for the renovation of homes more than 40 years old in neighborhoods where the median income is between 70 percent and 90 percent of the median income for the Kansas City area. The individual homeowner's income is not a factor.

COLORADO GREAT SAND DUNES NATIONAL MONUMENT - U.S. Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt and three Republican lawmakers from Colorado pledged here Saturday to protect San Luis Valley water and to create a new national park many times larger than the original 39,000-acre monument.


A new opportunity -- for NM SHPO -- has been posted at

ARIZONA There was too much water, when a flood in 1891 destroyed the one railroad bridge joining Tempe and Phoenix. Then a drought hit from 1897 until 1905, causing massive crop failures. A hundred years may have passed since those days, but they're still reflected in the more than 60 buildings in Mesa and Tempe that date back 100 years or more. The Southeast Valley's slow growth through most of the 1900s probably saved them. Central Phoenix has been dominated by Anglos and Hispanics in the past century, but the closing millennium in the Valley belongs to the Hohokam Indians. They are a prehistoric people who, scientists say, used their bare hands, digging tools and baskets to scrape out canals that carried water from the Salt River to their fields. They thrived in a well-developed culture that began sometime around 400 A.D. and vanished from the Valley about 600 years ago.

NEVADA Preservationists suffered a serious legal setback in their battle to save the historic Mapes Hotel when a county judge rejected their lawsuit Tuesday and lifted a court order blocking demolition. The ruling all but seals plans to blow up the vacant building Jan. 30, Super Bowl Sunday. The president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, trying to avert a rare loss of a property targeted for protection, said his group would join local activists in appealing the ruling to the Nevada Supreme Court.

CALIFORNIA The telecommunications industry is laying so much fiber-optic cable so quickly in California that laws protecting the environment, Indian burial grounds and other culturally sensitive sites are being ignored, according to Indian activists and a state watchdog agency say. In the wake of the recent violations, the PUC last week adopted a new review process for telecom operators. Instead of the blanket approvals of the past, the PUC will scrutinize each application and require environmental studies, if necessary, Allen said. Countless shafts gouged into the earth by often-luckless stake claimers a century later have turned into a considerable public health hazard. Officials say Joshua Tree is the first national park to systematically inventory its neglected mines and take steps to refill them or turn them into sites explaining the state's mining history. Dan Abeyta, chief of the state historical preservation office, said all efforts are being made not to cap mines that are significant. Before any mine is capped, officials will examine its historical worth.