Sunday December 5, 1999

MEXICO Some claimed that the story was a device cooked up by local Indians to continue worshipping an Aztec goddess, Tonantzin - "Our Mother" - whose shrine was located at Tepeyac.

TEXAS For more than a century, official Spanish documents that date to when San Antonio was under Spanish and Mexican rule have been housed at the University of Texas at Austin. Bexar County Clerk Gerry Rickhoff wants them back.

NEW MEXICO After two years of dissension, revision and mediation, the cost of a proposed memorial to 400 years of Spanish presence in New Mexico has more than tripled. Oņate is hailed by supporters as the founder in 1598 of New Mexico. But he's hated for his mistreatment of Native Americans, particularly at Acoma. On the Navajo Reservation, the craft of silversmithing is handed down from generation to generation. Trophy buckles were introduced in the 1880s, about the same time men switched from suspenders to belt loops. A hiker discovered what's left of a 10,000- to 20,000-year-old mammoth tusk in a streambed south of Carlsbad. Last week, some 18 months after the original discovery, the mammoth tusk fragment was removed.

ARIZONA A prehistoric mammoth thighbone is found in the Valley. Partial mammoth skeletons have been found at two sites in Chandler and in Scottsdale, but none had a thighbone. The mammoths in this area were Columbian mammoths.

From: The Arizona Archaeological and Historical Society is pleased to announce the 2nd Annual Julian D. Hayden Student Paper Competition. Named in honor of long-time AAHS luminary, Julian Dodge Hayden, the winning entry will receive a cash prize of $500 and publication of the paper in Kiva, the Journal of Southwestern Anthropology and History. The competition is open only to bona fide undergraduate and graduate students at any recognized college or university. Subject matter may include, but is not limited to, the anthropology, archaeology, history, linguistics, and ethnography of the American Southwest and northern Mexico. Papers should be no longer than 30 double-spaced, typewritten pages (ca. 8,000 words), including tables, figures, and references, and should conform to Kiva format. Previous entries will not be reconsidered, and all decisions of the judges are final. Judging criteria include, but are not limited to, quality of writing, excellence of research and use of original data, appropriateness of subject matter, and length. Deadline for receipt of submissions is January 15, 2000; no late entries will be accepted. Four copies of the manuscript should be mailed to: Hayden Paper Competition, AAHS, ASM, PO Box 85721-0026 University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0026. Requests for additional information should be directed to Ronald H. Towner, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Dendrochronology, Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, 520-621-6465, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721,

CYBERIA,2107,500064403-500106634-500485263-0,00.html The government has lost track of millions of artifacts excavated from federal lands. An audit by the Interior Department's inspector general found that the BLM's oversight of these artifacts is so lax that many museums that keep such items as pottery or baskets cannot say for sure which objects the government owns or where they came from.