COLORADO Looking for directions to ghost towns and stagecoach stops? Curious about where toll-generating wagon roads once flourished in and around Denver? How about archeological sites, cattle drive trails and mining camps, as far west as Fairplay? You can find them easily, thanks to a new map. If the long stretch of gears, chains and wheels becomes overwhelming, you can come back again during the same season without charge. Some aspects of life in 1899 linger into our own time. The similarities - and differences - between life then and life now, on the cusp of the millennium, are worth contemplating in "1899: Preparing for a New Century" at the Estes Park Area Historical Museum through Oct. 31.

NEW MEXICO A truckload of rocks dug out of a northern New Mexico hillside earlier this year is yielding a trove of ancient bones, including the oldest example of New Mexico's best-known dinosaur. The discoveries make the Snyder Quarry near Ghost Ranch one of the most important new fossil sites in the state.

ARIZONA Mueller has discovered information that could change the way the story of Sunset Crater is told. Looking through field notes at the National Archives in Maryland, Mueller found one of the first recorded sightings of Sunset Crater was not by Powell but on an expedition to San Francisco Mountain, headed by Lt. George Wheeler. Miers once scrambled along its flanks in search of quicksilver. A German POW holed up there after tunneling to freedom. Native Americans have lobbied the state to change the name, which some find offensive. No one is sure who dubbed the peak Squaw, but it began showing up on Phoenix maps about 1900. The Pima-Maricopa tribe, who are considered the descendants of the Hohokam people whose society flourished in the Valley centuries ago, have no word for the peak and do not appear to hold it sacred. The Coronado National Forest is conducting a forest-wide assessment of Native Americans' traditional cultural uses and properties. The assessment will be incorporated into the revised Forest Land and Resources Management Plan. Sixty years ago an archaeological discovery linked pre-historic sites to modern times. The discovery was made in Show Low Ruin, a pre-historic site named after the nearby town. It involved a piece of timber whose growth rings matched those from other trees from the Southwest grown in the past 2000 years. This piece of wood became the missing link that opened the field of dendrochronology or science of dating archaeological and historical artifacts. This and other notable archaeological discoveries will be celebrated at the 72nd Annual Pecos Conference to be held in Show Low and at the Lewis Canyon Campground near Pinedale starting Aug. 12 and concluding on Aug. 15. Over 400 archaeologists will share on-going research pertaining to various historic sites in the Southwest and the Mogollon Rim area. A circa 1865 railroad car was moved from Kuhn's Ranch on Taylor Road on July 22, headed for downtown Willcox. Ron Ownes, who mainly restores stagecoaches, will also restore the train car. The car was bought used in 1901 and was in service on the railroad between Dos Cabezas and Willcox until about 1915. In 1920, it was used as a house. After being sold and moved to southeast of the railroad depot, it arrived at the ranch in about 1950, where it was used for storage.

CYBERIA The authors have sought to re-excavate this history, and each volume--one general history, one collection of original sources and one biography--makes a distinct contribution. Yet with the exception of Larry McMurtry's exquisite short biography of the great Sioux war leader Crazy Horse, these works are significantly flawed. (AP) Archaeologists interpret history through artifacts dug from the earth, while American Indians often rely on stories passed down through generations. If both groups worked together, suggests archaeologist Larry Zimmerman, "both would have a much wider perspective on how the past happened." Zimmerman, chairman of the American Indian and Native Studies Program at the University of Iowa, invited 13 archaeology students from across the country to learn about the tribal perspective this summer at the Loess Hills of western Iowa. The students have spent the past six weeks learning archaeological field methods and visiting with representatives of American Indian tribes to hear what they think about the men and women of science. Not much, in some cases. (AP) The Citadel's athletic department will take down the "Welcome To The Boneyard" sign behind one end zone at Johnson Hagood Stadium. This summer's dig beneath part of the stadium for the remains of the crew of the Confederate submarine Hunley hit a little too close to home. "We didn't want to be seen as insensitive or disrespectful," he said. "I think most people will understand that we don't want to offend anyone." THURSDAY, Aug. 19: Columbus, Ohio -- Society for Commercial Archeology holds an annual conference to discuss and view vintage designs such as enameled eateries and new concepts such as the office building in the shape of a seven-story basket. The flip side of technology -- the quest for roots, for community, for historical context -- will be an increasingly pervasive and compelling counterforce in the next century. Students who are now fleeing the social sciences and humanities for majors in business and computer science will experience the brunt of culture shock. And in midlife they will act out an equal and opposite reaction as they seek to connect to a meaningful past. History is not a luxury; it is a public-health necessity. City officials say they made an "egregious" mistake and will apologize to the Lummi Tribe for failing to notify it when they dug up skeletal remains of 28 Indians and allowed some of the bones to be shipped out of state. To get a handle on what the students want from the Internet, they sent an anthropologist to observe student habits in their natural surroundings. This is a generation that grew up with baby sitters and VCRs. They are used to things that are self-contained. The Kentucky History Center, a new museum and research facility devoted to the Bluegrass State, has opened in the capital city of Frankfort.