Got CALICHE? Removal of the remains of nearly 30 Indians has halted construction of a $7.5 million sewage-treatment plant here. The tribe is angered by the apparent lack of respect with which the bones were treated. Investigators hope an anthropologist will be able to give them their first clue about the identity of a skeleton unearthed from the cellar of a former farmhouse in Westmoreland County. The professor and his assistants took 8 1/2 hours to meticulously unearth the remains. A cemetery worker wearing a surgical mask dug up the grave and, finding the body not fully decomposed, stood on it and pried it from the coffin piece by piece. As Zamanos watched in horror and his wife fainted, the masked man wrapped flesh and bones into a sheet and pushed them in a wheelbarrow to a corner of the cemetery for unceremonious reburial in a shallow, unmarked ditch. After six months there, the bones were ready to be dug up and moved again--for storage in a vault across town. Tombstones are recycled into public works; one was mistakenly laid face-up last year as part of a new sidewalk.,1249,110003000,00.html? Investigators have confirmed that a collection of American Indian artifacts given to a Nevada museum had been illegally excavated. The museum had suspected the collection of tools, rare skin bags with seeds, potsherds, paint pigment, leather pouches and moccasins had been illegally obtained and contacted federal authorities.,1249,110002871,00.html? By 1.9 million years ago, when Homo erectus appeared, teeth became smaller and jawbones less robust. Females got bigger - closer in size to males. Brains and bodies both grew. Laden and Wrangham said the changes occurred because the pre-humans had discovered fire and learned how to make roots and other vegetables easier to eat and more nutritious. While some anthropologists argue it was because meat entered the diet, Laden and a team of anthropologists, nutritionists and primatologists argued otherwise. When human beings arrived in North America about 30,000 years ago, they brought language, fire, flint tools and skin tents. They also brought something they didn't know they had - a tiny microbe called JC virus in their kidneys. The strain of JC carried by modern-day Navajos, as it happens, is nearly identical to that carried by modern residents of Tokyo. All in all, the evidence suggests the Navajo and the Japanese are closely related to one another, and are related (but more distantly) to the Chamorro. All are descended from the same prehistoric population of eastern Asians. JC was first isolated from a human being in 1971. A leading expert on the "ethnicity" of JC viral strains would have never predicted that they would characterize populations like they do. The JC virus now joins human DNA as another tool, not for tracing families but for tracing communities. The JC virus may have been carried by humans since the dawn of the species. They have identified seven major types, and nearly two dozen subtypes, distributed around the world.,opinion/3773c20c.811,.html A better remedy would be to negotiate an end to the doctrine of Indian tribal sovereignty, abolish the Bureau of Indian Affairs, liquidate the reservations, distribute the assets held by the U.S. government for the benefit of Indians to the descendants of those with whom the treaties were made in the 18th and 19th centuries and declare today's noble savages to be full-blooded Americans -- and nothing more. It makes no sense morally, politically or socially to continue the fiction that the tribes are `nations' within this nation and should be exempted from a handful of the laws that apply to other Americans. The experiment has failed. We should junk it. 250 of the Buffalo Soldiers' 1,000 members attended workshops, rode in mounted parades and swayed to Dixieland jazz played in honor of New Orleans-born Buffalo Soldier Moses Williams, a Medal of Honor recipient who died 100 years ago. Among honored guests were members of the Northwest Indian Veterans Association. If you don't see the irony in American Indians celebrating with the nation's oldest black veterans' association, you're like many Americans: clueless about the controversial history that links, and separates, the groups. A panel, ``Rashomon Effect: Conflicting Truths on the Buffalo Soldiers,'' explored how the celebrated black U.S. cavalrymen came to be viewed as dashing heroes by African-Americans and as murderers by some Indians. How fitting for a panel whose title -- from Japanese film director Akira Kurosawa's classic about a crime viewed differently by four witnesses -- suggested how relative truth is, even when the facts are undisputed.