CALIFORNIA Possible measures to preserve the history of the eastern Bay Bridge Relocation proposals may touch a nerve with those who remember the history of the museum's founding in 1973, after it narrowly escaped the same wrecking ball that felled the Victorian home next to it. It was this threat of demolition that motivated a dedicated core of Martinez citizens to form the historical society and open the museum in 1976. Their hard work in building up the museum in subsequent years has garnered them the respect and appreciation of the community. But although no one is suggesting demolition of the building now, some members question the feasibility of relocating it. There’s finally some good news about the future of the downtown park known as the Pueblo of Los Angeles. These brick-and-mortar originals - and an adjoining brood of late-19th- and early-20th-century structures (two of which the county is about to demolish) - are true survivors of the district where Los Angeles originated in 1781 and, a century later, became a fledgling metropolis.

UTAH Throughout August and September, Fremont Indian State Park and Museum presents Sky in Motion, Etched in Stone by Jan Wright and Robin Baum. This exhibit features the interpretation of lunar and solar calendars through archaeoastronomy.

ARIZONA For those of you planning a summer trip to the California coast, give thanks to Juan Bautista de Anza II. He and a Spanish contingent on horseback and afoot pioneered the trip in the 1770s from Sonora and Tubac. The brick building was built by businessman R.G. Andre in 1894 and was a central gathering place for developing Tempe. Secret societies and lodges that were the social and cultural glue of the town met upstairs, and everything from Wickliffe's Furniture and Undertakers, the longest-running tenant, to Tempe's first office of the Sunset Telegraph & Telephone Co. set up shop downstairs. Only two other Mill Avenue buildings are left standing that are that old: the Tempe Hardware Building and the Hotel Casa Loma. Experts say the Andre Building is the best-preserved example of Victorian and Neoclassical architecture in the Valley, and the oldest continuously used commercial block.

NEW MEXICO At a hearing on the Smithsonian budget last week, McConnell complained that an exhibit on New Mexico at the National Museum of American History was hostile toward the Christian faith. The exhibit text said: "Both pueblos and Hispanics have been subject to invasive forms of Christianity. Pueblo peoples faced Spanish attempts to suppress their native religions ... In turn Hispanic Catholics experienced Anglo-American attempts to convert them to Protestantism." It has been called one of the great prehistoric anthropological puzzles: What caused the Anasazi people -- who over centuries had developed one of the most sophisticated civilizations in North America -- to abandon their beautiful stone cities? What event transpired in the mid-12th century that caused families to walk away, seemingly in great haste, leaving behind food cooking over fires and sandals hanging on pegs?

MEXICO The festival presents historical pageants, parades and dramatic enactments of Indian legends. The dances, ranging from a hypnotic, stately, shuffling Zapotec Indian betrothal ritual to flirtatious, skirt-swirling, foot-stamping coastal "chilenas" -- are a celebration of Indian and "mestizo," or mixed EuropeanIndian, traditions that are the bedrock of Mexican culture. Guelaguetza means "mutual aid," "gift of appreciation," or "offering" in the Zapotec Indian language still spoken by thousands of Oaxacans, and the idea is to give all you have in a community that understands what comes around goes around. Lore has it that the Guelaguetza is rooted in preColumbian Indian traditions of sacrifices to the gods in a yearly offering accompanied by days of ritual dances. Historians say the tradition continued in secret after the Spanish conquest and then came back into the open when Roman Catholic priests organized festivities for the Virgin Mary that blended with the ancient Guelaguetza traditions.

CYBERIA Scientists wanting to study the ancient remains of the Kennewick Man are asking a federal judge to force an immediate decision on whether they can be allowed to examine the 9,300-year-old fossil. In a 14-page memorandum filed Tuesday in U.S. District Court in Portland, eight anthropologists who have sued for the right to examine the skeleton asked that a judge order the federal government to make "an immediate final decision on their study request." A gravel pit threatens a prehistoric Indian site. The gravel pit is next to a site known locally to area residents as the Indian Fort. It contains an old mountain trail used by early tribes, several fire and hunting rings and many wall-encircled pits that the Shoshone used much as modern day soldiers use foxholes on the battlefield. Visitors by the thousands -- the estimate is an average of a thousand a day -- are expected to be veering off Interstate 95 and coming from all over to see the new museum's world-class exhibits of U.S. military history covering a 60-year period from the beginning of World War II until today. The oil companies keep dangling promises. What Hirst, the EPA and non-Indian environmentalists want is an environmental impact statement, produced by a comprehensive investigation into the likely effects of a fully developed oil and gas field on air and water quality, wildlife, American-Indian sacred sites and human health on the reservation and in the park. And, so far, there isn't any. Modern-day pirates have stolen two 18th century cannons and damaged the site of a British shipwreck near the St. Augustine Lighthouse. The one-ton cannons were stolen between April and mid-July during a lull in the two-year research project on the remains of the sloop Industry, the first colonial shipwreck ever found off the nation's oldest city. The loss is a tremendous blow to the investigation of St. Augustine's maritime history, said Jim Miller, chief of archaeological research for the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research in Tallahassee. In weaving together the stories of Hewes and the Tea Party, Young has made a major contribution to an understanding of the role of ordinary people in important events, and of the way in which even seemingly well-known events can be forgotten and remembered, interpreted and reinterpreted. Given that the Internet is becoming the dominant medium through which we "see" the world, it somehow seems appropriate that it has become a storehouse of historical images. According to retail anthropologist Paco Underhill (bet you didn't know there was such an occupation, did you?), women are actually genetically designed to shop. He has thoroughly analyzed men's and women's shopping habits and says it all dates back to prehistoric times when women were the homebound gatherers of roots, nuts and berries. It was the only activity that got them out of the home area and the gathering was a matter of careful and skillful selection. It was also often a group event for the tribe, which might explain why women like to shop together while you rarely see men shopping in a group. Men were the roaming hunters, often solitary. They knew exactly what they were setting out for, they got it, took it back and were glad to get home and not have to go out roaming again for a while. It may be much more sophisticated today, Underhill says, (although I'm not too sure about that!) but the principle is the same. Canadian and U.S. Indians have a shared heritage, and it makes sense for them to expand cooperation across a border drawn through their homeland long ago by white men. Last week 4,000 of them - the largest gathering ever of Indian leaders from the two neighboring countries - met in Vancouver, B.C. Roman Catholic bishops and American Indian leaders plan to discuss indigenous religions as the two groups try to hash out historical differences at an annual conference of Christian Indians that began yesterday. Three bishops on Saturday are expected to discuss Indian religions, such as Seven Drums, Salish Smokehouse and Shaker, in what is believed to be the first such public forum with high-ranking Catholic clergy. As many as 2,000 traditional and Christian Indians are expected from the United States and Canada at the five-day Tekakwitha Conference at Gonzaga University. "Historically, the church was not very accepting of these indigenous religions," conference Chairwoman Mille Nicodemus said.