MEXICO The third root mestizo population evolved from the approximately 200,000 Africans brought to Mexican territory as slaves between 1521 and 1821. The Afro-mestizos, a minority with a population of 66,963 in 1990, are concentrated in the Costa Chica region along the Pacific coast three hours south of Acapulco. Twenty-nine villages exist within the states of Oaxaca and Guerrero.

CALIFORNIA More than 40,000 buildings a year are moved. Saturday morning, Jill and her husband, Ed Whitehurst, nervously watched house-mover Phil Joy tow their cream and brown 1916 bungalow up the street. Thanks to a federal historic preservation law and the Whitehursts' determination, their house has a home 2,000 feet from its nearly century old site. "The whole point was to save a piece of history."

NEVADA Scientists are cleaning up the remains of a prehistoric carnivores' diner, hoping the tiniest biological leftovers tucked away in a secluded mountain cave will unlock gaps in the path of evolution. The cave, high in a mountain range about 65 miles southwest of Elko, is where successful predators lunched on their prey and shared it with their young 40,000 to 50,000 years ago. The bones gathered on this trip were sent to Steve James at the Gila River Indian Reservation in Arizona for identification. State parks officials are teaming up with the U.S. Forest Service to restore two Baldwin Estate cabins built nearly 100 years ago. The Mojave Desert Phone Booth by its fans, has developed a cult following from Las Vegas to Morocco. Daniels maintains an unofficial history of the booth at The two booths were once crucial to ranchers and miners who lived in the Mojave hinterlands, Casebier said, as they were the only means of communication available. Charlie Wilcox, a rancher who lives nearby, said he remembers the day when the booth was operated by hand crank. At the booth, Wilcox and his crew came upon offerings left by previous guests. Votive candles, a Barbie doll, a reproduction of male and female forms, and coding etched on the side of the Pioneer 10 space mission, and an aerial photograph of the booth. The glass was shot out by vandals long ago. The bullet holes in the metal frame are lovingly covered by plastic toy animals and Band-Aids.

ARIZONA / NEW MEXICO Heard Museum still sits on its original site in central Phoenix. Only now, it's roughly eight times its original size and is world renowned for its displays of Native American art and artifacts from the Southwest. Varney's definition of a ghost town is simple: A town's population "has decreased markedly and the initial reason for its settlement (such as a mine or a railroad) no longer keeps people there. What this means is that there is room in Varney's book for high-flying Aspen, almost deserted St. Elmo and long gone Alta.

TEXAS Statewide attention is beginning to focus on how to preserve cemeteries for their cultural, historic and even tourist value. All across Texas, small towns are losing population, and as people move away, the commitment to cemeteries is waning. Hite and an assistant work full time preserving Texas' estimated 50,000 cemeteries. He started a program in 1997 to designate historic cemeteries by noting their existence in the property records. So far, 50 cemeteries have been designated historical. The 28th annual Texas Folklife Festival. During his 40 days in San Antonio, Geronimo was escorted out of his cell every day to sit in the Quadrangle under the shade of a large tree to which he was securely chained. When townspeople heard about Geronimo's daily treks, thousands of the curious went to see the legendary warrior in person.

COLORADO Utes avoid it. They stay away. Ghosts are alive and well in Indian Country. The Utes act as stewards for Indian tribes who trace their roots to the prehistoric Indians of Four Corners. "Ancestral Puebloans" is the name, but they also are called by the Navajo word "Anasazi." Centuries-old pottery shards and primitive tools litter the ground and rock ledges everywhere, as do ancient cobs of maize, well-preserved in this desert climate. There is no excavation here at the moment and no plans to do more. The initials and names left by vandals at the Falls Creek Archaeological Area have not been matched to the responsible parties, but a number of people have offered to monitor the sensitive cultural remains after reports of the damage surfaced, according to a U.S. Forest Service official. News of the vandalism even spurred one homeowner to return an artifact from the Falls Creek Archaeological Area that the previous owner had used as a doorstop.

KANSAS Carry Nation artifacts returned to Kansas. Last month, a relative of Nation's donated several hundred of the famed prohibitionist's possessions to the Kansas State Historical Society, including two Bibles, photos, letters, hatchet pins and clothing. Nation, of Medicine Lodge, gained international fame by speaking out on the evils of liquor and tobacco. She was notorious for smashing saloons. Although summit organizers want to keep the event open-ended, some concepts already on the table are likely to be explored. Among them is the idea of niche marketing. A study done for the state Division of Travel and Tourism identified six categories, or niches, in Kansas that could be targeted at tourists: The Western frontier; Aviation; Ecology and the environment; Agri-tourism; Arts and culture; and, Hunting.

WYOMING When the Union Pacific Railroad chose a route to California through Cheyenne, rather than Denver in 1865, the Wyoming town was heralded as the Emerald City of the Rockies.A focal point for Cheyenne's revival is the 1886 Union Pacific depot on 15th Street - a monument to the city's original reason for being.

MONTANA In 1935, Montana was the first state to undertake such a project. Through the years, the original signs have been revised, new ones added and some taken away. There are 184 now. They tell of dinosaurs, tribal legends, railroads, wagon roads and buffalo jumps - all the things that make Montana interesting.

CYBERIA When you die,the bugs don't lie. Forensic entomology dates at least to the 13th century, when a Chinese death investigator wrote a book about human decomposition. Two decades ago at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Dr. William Bass III began human skeletal change studies at an institution known variously as the Body Farm or the Bass Anthropology Research Facility _ BARF. Krech suggests that - much like present-day Americans, native or not - Indians were ecologists when it suited their needs and despoilers when it did not. So how, Krech asks, could America "be simultaneously a paradise seemingly untouched by human hands," yet inhabited by people who had "exploited lands and animals in order to live"? Krech suggests that this seeming Eden "resulted both from aboriginal demography and - darkened by epidemic disease and death - from post-European epidemiology. The Indians, Krech writes, "were fully capable of transformative action in ecosystems they knew intimately. And when they became even fewer as a result of disease, the lands rested and recovered in relatively short order, in time to appear as an Eden to early Europeans. Paradise Eden was mainly an artifact of demography and epidemiology.,2107,75526-119315-846448-0,00.html The thirst to be first has become typical of a consumer culture, said Elizabeth Bird, an anthropology professor at the University of South Florida and a longtime student of popular culture. Valerie Rochelle Littlestar Red-Horse Mohl straddles two cultures. In film circles, Red-Horse is one of a handful of Native Americans--and the only woman--in Hollywood has the access, the credibility to bring us to the next level. Globalisation becomes way of life. A friend of mine studies village life in central Africa. A few years ago, she paid her first visit to a remote area where she was to carry out her fieldwork. The evening she got there, she was invited to a local home for an evening's entertainment. She expected to find out about the traditional pastimes of this isolated community. Instead, the evening turned out to be a viewing of "Basic Instinct" on video. The film at that point hadn't even reached the cinemas in California. It isn't just a matter of people adding modern paraphernalia to their traditional ways of live. We live in a world of transformations. Instantaneous electronic communication isn't just a way in which news or information is conveyed more quickly. Its existence alters the very texture of our lives, rich and poor alike. It is influencing intimate and personal aspects of our lives. Globalisation is not incidental to our lives today. It is a shift in our very life circumstance. It is the way we now live.