MEXICO There were some in the United States who considered the fate of the Crabb expedition to be justification for invading Mexico and adding Sonora as American territory. One who felt that way was the editor of a San Diego newspaper who believed that an army expedition to pacify the Mohave Indians was actually the cover for an invasion of Sonora.

CALIFORNIA Several California entrepreneurs say they want to search for the World War II bomber that archaeologists have long thought hidden at the bottom of Badin Lake. The entrepreneurs say they represent a Los Angeles-based salvage company called Vintage Military Aircraft Recovery. Earlier this week they contacted the town of Badin and said they will decide soon whether and when to begin a search. The group's interest in the plane could severely complicate matters for a team of archaeologists led by Wendy Coble of Pleasant Garden. Coble searched unsuccessfully in February for the bomber, a part of the local folklore in Badin, 50 miles northeast of Charlotte.

ARIZONA Frank H. Goodyear Jr. has been named director of the museum of Native American arts and culture. He replaces Martin Sullivan, who left the museum earlier this year. One of the goals Goodyear has set is increasing the operating endowment for the museum. The Hopi tribe in good faith has complied with the process available to gather and use eagle feathers , said Leigh J. Kuwanwisiwma, director of the Hopi Cultural Preservation Office. "The Park Service is exercising what they feel is their authority to deny that right." The Westward Ho has historical significance as part of the first big push to increase tourism. Its California-influenced design is Spanish Colonial Revival with Churrigueresque detailing. The hotel and its tower made the big screen in the panoramic opening scene of Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho. The historical society's exhibits show how heat, and fighting it, has defined the region. The ice-lined coffins that 19th-century Phoenix morticians employed to keep bodies cool. The adobe huts that insulated Indians. The people who'd pick spots on the buttes and mesas outside Tempe, carry up sheets (or even entire beds), wet them down, wrap themselves up and go to sleep. The state hospital that hung soaked cloth in the windows and hoped for wind.

Snail M photocopy from Chris Hardaker: American Indian Report (May 1999)--Musing on kiva construction, Hardaker noticed basic shapes appeared everywhere. He saw kivas with six and eight pilaster arrangements. His web site for 4th-9th graders illustrates geometry and illuminates an underlying order to the universe. For lack of a better term, U.S. Forest Service workers call the large stand of aspens on the western base of the San Francisco Peaks the "porno grove." There are life-size carvings of nude women. Animals, too. It's the work of bored Basque sheepherders who started bringing their flocks to the state's mountains in the 1880s. But Linda Farnsworth, an archaeologist for Coconino National Forest, sees much more than smut on the sides of thousands of aspen trees in the Flagstaff area. Farnsworth launched an ambitious project four years ago, aided by senior citizen volunteers through Northern Arizona University's elder hostel program, to chronicle the Arizona history of the Basques through their dendroglyphs, or tree carvings. Thus far, she has more than 2,000 pictures and photo negatives in her files of scribblings and artwork of the Basques.

[ Why attribute it to boredom ?? Those tree never stood so tall and straight. ]


BILL WOULD PROTECT 26 N.M. ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES 07/31/99 ALBUQUERQUE (AP) _ More than two dozen archaeological sites on public and private lands between here and Santa Fe would be protected under a measure being considered by Congress. The measure, introduced by Sen. Jeff Bingaman, D-N.M., is designed to protect 26 artifact-rich sites that include pueblo ruins, petroglyphs, Spanish colonial sites and others dating as far back as the late 1500s. Both the Bureau of Land Management and an archaeological group offered support for the bill during a hearing Thursday before the subcommittee of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources committee. "The Department of Interior supports this bill, which would preserve, protect and interpret the nationally significant archaeological resources of the Galisteo Basin," said Nina Rose Hatfield, deputy director of the Bureau of Land Management. The bill would let the BLM acquire lands from willing property owners by donation, purchase or exchange as a means to protect sites on private land. But the measure doesn't require private landowners to meet any added federal requirements for preservation, Hatfield said. The bill also calls for developing a general management plan for identification, research, protection and public interpretation of the archaeological sites. The BLM would be the lead federal agency working to develop plans to protect and preserve the sites. Mark Michel, president of The Archaeological Conservancy, said the sites are in good shape but increasingly threatened. "There's several things that are targeting these sites that weren't present 20 years ago," he said. "One is this unbelievable sprawl that's going on out there. The ranches these thing used to be on, these things are being broken up and sold as subdivisions." Erosion and the purchase of archaeologically rich land by amateur hobbyists who conduct their own digs also are threatening the sites, Michel said. La Cieneguilla and San Marcos are two of the 26 sites addressed in Bingaman's bill. At San Marcos, remnants of the grand 2,000-room pueblo still remain. San Marcos was active during the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, with many of the Indians living there playing leading roles in the uprising against the Spaniards. The 26 sites cover more than 4,000 acres in central New Mexico.

KANSAS From across the country and across the world, archaeologists and anthropologists have been taking digs at a Kansas State University undergraduate who buys Indian artifacts and then sells them for a profit. Ever since an article on anthropology major Daniel Fox appeared last month in The Topeka Capital-Journal, angry e-mails, faxes and telephone called have poured in to Kansas State and to the acting state archaeologist. "I have received outraged messages from archaeologists in Alabama, Arizona, New York, Ohio, Texas, Washington, D.C., and the United Kingdom," said Virginia Wulfkuhle, acting state archaeologist who was quoted in the article. "Every one of those messages condemned Mr. Fox's activities." Weeks before the article appeared, Fox had placed an advertisement in the classified section of the newspaper under the heading, "Big Money for Arrowheads!" He said educating the public about the value of their artifacts was among his goals. Wulfkuhle cited the efforts of the Kansas State Historical Society to educate people, especially the young, about the intrinsic, rather than the monetary, value of artifacts. "We realize our impact is limited. We want to build an ethical structure from the ground up." Fox said he hasn't received any negative mail or phones calls. "All I got was about a hundred calls asking me if I would appraise their collections," he said. "I just want people to know that I have recorded and cataloged many collections over the last several years. "I understand the point of view of the professionals in the field. But I think 90 percent of the public does not subscribe to their views. I also think it's important to let people who have collections know what they have and what it's worth." To that latter endeavor, Fox is holding a free seminar Aug. 21 from 9 a.m. to noon and 1 to 4 p.m. in the Gold Room at Ramada Inn Downtown at S.E. 6th and Jefferson in Topeka. He said he would try to identify pieces and approximate their worth but won't offer any money for pieces or collections. "It's still marketing," Logan said. "It doesn't come under the realm of collecting."

CYBERIA Plug in to the information superhighway at a truckstop. provides free access to e-mail at more tham 375 terminals at truckstops nationwide. Business and leisure travelers along the way are welcome to use the system and can send and receive e-mail while they're on the road. Radiocarbon dates will be obtained in the next six weeks for Kennewick Man. Two small bone samples, each weighing about four-tenths of an ounce, will be sent to two laboratories for the tests, said Frank McManamon, chief archaeologist with the National Park Service. The labs have not been selected. The Chinook Indian Tribe is objecting to an article commemorating the Lewis and Clark expedition, saying the author's description of the native tribe is "racist." A 2,300-year-old mummy of an Egyptian woman has just entered the cyber age with a Web site that allows visitors to unwrap her, German scientists report in the current journal of Science.