RAIL SOCIETY GEARING UP TO AWAKEN OLD LOCOMOTIVE 04/27/99 A head of steam is building to bring old No. 2926 back to life. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe steam locomotive has spent the last 43 years sitting idly in an Albuquerque park after logging more than 1 million miles hauling passengers. Mayor Jim Baca has promised the city would sell the 255-ton locomotive to the Albuquerque Locomotive & Rail Historical Society, said Ed Bukove, president of the nonprofit railroad buffs' group. "Now it's just a matter of getting our hands on the darn thing," he said. Bukove said Baca told him the city would sell the locomotive _ and an attached tender and red caboose _ so the group could fix them up and use them for tourist-attracting steam excursion runs. Details of the deal remain to be worked out, Bukove said. The sale would have to be approved by the City Council. The locomotive historical society also is negotiating with the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway, headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, for permission to use one of the old Santa Fe Railway repair shops in Barelas to fix up the locomotive. The repair and rehabilitation of the locomotive would be a centerpiece display in a proposed $50 million transportation museum in Albuquerque. The locomotive group has tentatively scheduled the weekend of Aug. 14-15 to prepare to move No. 2926, which made a final run from Clovis to Belen before it was retired in 1954. It was donated to the city of Albuquerque two years later. The locomotive, tender and caboose will have to be moved by December to make way for work on the intersection of nearby Interstates 40 and 25. Once No. 2926 is back in shape after several years of volunteer repair work, the group hopes it will pull a passenger excursion train of rail cars that the society is also hoping to acquire for renovation. Two of the dilapidated cars have been sitting on a siding near Socorro; five others are at Kirtland Air Force Base. No. 2926 was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in Philadelphia. It began its service for the AT&SF in May 1944, mostly hauling freight until the end of World War II when it began passenger runs between Chicago and the West Coast.

BONES LEAD TO IDENTIFICATION OF NEW DINOSAUR SPECIES 04/27/99 Bones found during the past two years have led to the identification of two new species of heavily armored dinosaurs larger than elephants, a researcher says. The species, both 30 feet long, are of an ankylosaur, or club-tailed armored dinosaur that's the oldest ever found, and a clubless armored dinosaur or nodosaur, the biggest on record, said James Kirkland, incoming state paleontologist for Utah. He said they were identified as new species because the bones differ from those of known dinosaurs. The bones include two partial skulls, limb bones, a handful of armor and some backbones of the ankylosaur and a shoulder blade and several dozen smaller bones of the nodosaur. "These were fairly similar animals in many respects," Kirkland said in announcing the findings at a news conference Monday at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. The remains of the plant-eaters were found in a Price, Utah, fossil bed that has been a productive area for dinosaur researchers. Kirkland displayed casts of the bones, which are kept at the College of Eastern Utah Prehistoric Museum in Price. He said the species will be named when the findings are published in the coming year. Kirkland will analyze the bones with Kenneth Carpenter, a dinosaur paleontologist with the Denver Museum of Natural History. Robert M. Sullivan, senior curator of paleontology and geology at the State Museum of Pennsylvania in Harrisburg, called the findings exciting and said the large ankylosaur _ nearly 50 percent bigger than others _ shows that the dinosaur family is more complex than earlier believed. But, Sullivan said, the discoveries will be hard to assess without seeing published findings. Mark Norell, chairman of the department of vertebrate paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, agreed that the size of the ankylosaur was significant but also said a detailed look would be needed to judge the discoveries. Ankylosaurs and nodosaurs are ankylosaurids, heavily armored dinosaurs that originated in the Jurassic Period but are more common in the Cretaceous, the last dinosaur period. The ankylosaurids are mainly from Asia and are believed to have crossed a land bridge to North America. "There are some Asian animals very similar to this," Kirkland said. "This is really dating the first animals coming in from Asia." Carpenter said the ankylosaur discovery pushes back the date of the land bridge some 20 million years to about 110 million years ago. The dating was done through volcanic ash known to be 98 million years old. The Cleveland museum was selected for the announcement because it is host of a dinosaur exhibit whose proceeds help finance dinosaur research through the nonprofit Jurassic Foundation.

EXHIBIT COMMEMORATES U2 PILOT FRANCIS GARY POWERS 04/27/99 Back when U2 was a high-flying U.S. spy plane and not an Irish rock band, Francis Gary Powers was perhaps the best known pilot in the world short of Lindbergh. Not so true nowadays. But Powers' son is opening a commemorative exhibit at the National Atomic Museum here at Kirtland Air Force Base that he hopes will replenish the memories. Francis Gary Powers' U2 was shot down in 1960, and Powers was held by the Soviet Union for spying. The Kirtland exhibit, filled with Cold War memorabilia, opens today. It includes scraps of U2 wreckage and a poison pen that Powers carried to take his own life if he were tortured beyond tolerance. The exhibit created by Francis Gary Powers Jr. also features letters the pilot wrote to his mother from his Soviet prison cell. "The very first letter he wrote was very heavily censored," his son says. "After three or four attempts, he came up with a letter, approved for transmission, that said he was OK and treated well; he was not injured." Powers had taken off from an air base in Turkey to photograph Soviet military sites. His high-altitude reconnaissance spy plane was shot down by a surface-to-air missile. He was captured and convicted of spying. His capture scuttled a planned summit between President Eisenhower and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. Powers came home in February 1962, exchanged for a Soviet spy. Powers died in 1977 when his Los Angeles television helicopter crashed near a suburban baseball field as he returned to the helipad after videotaping a brush fire near Santa Barbara. "That's when I realized my dad's role in history was bigger than I had thought," the younger Powers said. "The sympathy cards poured in... and I realized that he experienced things that other kids' fathers didn't." That realization has the 33-year-old Powers, who works as a house inspector, envisioning a series of Cold War museums around the world. "I had been giving lectures to high schools and colleges when I realized that, after the end of the Cold War, if you mentioned the U2 to people younger than me _ I'm 33 _ they think you mean U2, the rock band. "So now I tie in the fact that before U2 the rock band there was U2 the spy plane, and that the incident was the basis for the band's name," Powers said. The traveling exhibit commemorates pilot Powers' efforts along with cloak-and-dagger espionage that was a Cold War hallmark. The exhibit opening is the same date that Powers began his mission 38 years ago. It runs through mid-August, the anniversary of his trial in the Soviet Union.

MOTORCYCLE COMPANY UNVEILS MUSEUM PLANS 04/27/99 A remnant of the brewing company that once made Milwaukee famous will showcase a local industry that is still bringing the city widespread fame: Harley-Davidson. Plans unveiled Monday call for completing a downtown Harley museum in summer of 2002 _ one year before the motorcycle manufacturer's 100th birthday is expected to draw cycle enthusiasts by the thousands. "We're in the business of fulfilling dreams and we always have to anticipate what is the next dream," said Jeff Bleustein, the company's chairman and chief executive officer. "If we want to stay out in front, we have to keep on doing exciting things." The museum, to be called the Harley-Davidson Experience Center, will be located in a renovated, four-story brewery of the beer that once "made Milwaukee famous" _ Schlitz beer, which no longer is brewed here. The building is part of a $30 million project at an eight-acre site in Milwaukee's Schlitz Park. The interactive museum will feature cycles and accompanying memorabilia from almost a century of motorcycle production. "We want it to be exciting; we want it to be interactive; we want it to be vibrant," Bleustein said. The museum is not the only attraction planned. Also on the drawing board are a retail shop, banquet facilities, a 300-seat restaurant on the Milwaukee River and an outdoor area for concerts and other special events. The site will include parking for more than 1,000 cars, and, not to disappoint its biggest fans, spots for 400 motorcycles. The complex is expected to attract more than 350,000 visitors a year, the company said. That's "350,000 people who are going to come here and say, `I love Milwaukee. I love Wisconsin," Gov. Tommy Thompson said. "It's got a lot of pizazz." Thompson, a Harley enthusiast, has led an annual ride across the state and last year traveled with fellow cyclists to Washington, D.C. Thompson, Milwaukee Mayor John O. Norquist and Milwaukee County Executive F. Thomas Ament also announced agreement on a plan to reshape part of the downtown using $241 million in federal transportation funds. The reconfigured road system, besides changing traffic patterns, would highlight the Harley museum, to be advertised with a billboard stretching up the side of the four-story building. The museum ought to make this midwestern city on the shores of Lake Michigan an even bigger mecca for Harley riders, Bleustein said. Last summer, residents got a taste of just how popular the city can be with Harley riders, when a noisy wave of about 100,000 motorcycles washed over the city for the company's 95th anniversary. "It's a destination; it's a place to ride your Harley to," Willie G. Davidson, the grandson of one of Harley-Davidson's founders, said of the planned museum. Davidson, Harley's vice president of motorcycle styling, speaks of Milwaukee in religious tones when it comes to motorcycles. "It's such a famous name that we need to treat it with respect," said Davidson, dressed in all black, as if he was ready to hop on a Harley. "I think we have a great story to tell." And there's plenty of material to tell that story. The company has at least one motorcycle from every year of Harley production. No. 1, from the first year of operation in 1903, looks more like a bicycle. Another exhibit will be Elvis Presley's 1956 K-model, used by the King of Rock n' Roll himself. And of course, who could forget that Harley sound _ kind of like potato, potato, potato _ which the company has tried to patent and plans to display, in some form, at the museum. "There has to be a history of sound, because it's one of our primary signatures," said Martin Jack Rosenblum, a historian for the motorcycle company.

[ Did you notice the quote: "We're in the business of fulfilling dreams and we always have to anticipate what is the next dream." Hmmm... In 'The Experience Economy,', (April 1999), the authors suggest that the provision of experience grounded in one's uniqueness IS the next transforming stage of economic offering. Archaeologists, anthropologists and historians providing site tours, writing technical reports, giving lectures, or building web sites, should read this informative book. -- Editor ]

CAMPAIGN BEGINS TO RESTORE RED, WINGED LANDMARK FOR NEW YEAR'S 04/27/99 The red flying horse perched atop the downtown Magnolia Building has not rotated for nearly a quarter of a century. But Dallas residents on Monday kicked off a $550,000 campaign to restore the 65-year-old Pegasus to its original glory. They hope to have the city-owned icon ready to rotate in time for a New Year's Eve celebration this year. "This downtown landmark was a symbol of our city's founding and its youthful years," Republican U.S. Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison said Monday during a news conference in Dallas. "It served as a beacon to our citizens and visitors. It was that red neon sign on the distant horizon that welcomed us home." Organizers have raised $275,000 for the first phase of the Pegasus Project from Mobil Oil Corp. and several other Dallas businesses, according to today's editions of The Dallas Morning News. The second phase, termed Pennies for Pegasus, will be a public campaign targeting Dallas residents and schoolchildren. Organizers said a small slice of the project's total price tag will go toward education about the legendary horse, the myth that inspired it and its relationship to Dallas. The neon sign will be removed from the Magnolia Building for restoration, which will take place on City Hall Plaza so the public can watch the ongoing project. Dr. Gail Thomas, co-chairwoman of the project, said the two panels that make up the sign will serve as templates for new porcelain-covered aluminum figures. The two original panels will be placed somewhere else in the city, possibly in downtown's Pegasus Plaza. The Flying Red Horse was created in 1934 as a symbol for Magnolia Oil Co., predecessor of the Mobil Oil Corp. Mobil gave it to the city in 1976. The mythological horse is said to have flown from the body of Medusa after the monster's death-dealing, snake-covered head was cut off. When the flying horse's hooves struck the ground, a spring of fresh water appeared. That site became a gathering place for the Muses, nine goddesses who preside over literature, the arts and the sciences. A story of triumph over impossible situations is an apt symbol for Dallas, a city that continues to do the same, Ms. Thomas said. "This is not just an icon," she said. "This is a story that keeps us going." Remnants of a five-room adobe house traced to early settlers from Sonora have swept archaeologist Jeff Jones back to the late 1800s, a period when the Tucson basin was attracting Mexican ranchers. "This is the kitchen," Jones pointed out last week during a tour of the site, which was home to Juan and Maria Bojórquez, ranchers who lived in the home from the 1870s to 1895. "There is the cooking area. It has a small burnt-brick fireplace and over here was a small counter top," said Jones. "We found a preserved bean in the fireplace. It is being tested, but it could date back to the 1800s." The archaeological findings are documenting history of the Tucson basin 17 years after the 1853 Gadsden Purchase. Authorities are considering filing charges against a 13-year-old boy from Colorado who allegedly was seen carving his name into a rock-art panel. After being confronted by a worker for the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, the teen-ager, who said he did not realize the significance of the panel, whipped out his cellular telephone and called his parents, who were in Moab, a few miles away. Under the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979, those who commit acts of vandalism on ancient petroglyphs, in which an image is carved into the stone, and pictographs, in which the image is painted on, can be charged with a felony if the damage exceeds $500. Under Utah's Cultural Site Protection Act of 1991, it is a class B misdemeanor to damage a site, punishable by a fine up to $700, restitution and 60 hours of community service.

[ When dealing with vandals in the future, expect them to cell phone their lawyers before law enforcement backup arrives. They might even seek reinforcement if they think you are out monitoring sites all alone... -- Editor ] Sheep is Life: A Celebration of Shepherds and Weavers will be held June 24-26, 1999, at Diné College, Tsaile, Arizona, Navajo Nation. Sheep is Life honors the central role that sheep play in Navajo spirituality, philosophy, and daily life, and brings together people from many cultures who share these values. To paleontologists, fossils are nouns, but tracks are verbs. Fossils can show what lived, but tracks can show how they lived. They're like animation, a record of an animal's movement trapped in mud along a river bank and preserved for all time as the mud turned to rock. Tracks can show how they walked, how fast they went, even something about their social behavior in the rare case where groups of prints are found together, said paleontologist Adrian Hunt, a "trackways" expert who teaches at Mesa Technical College in Tucumcari. Professor Davis is engaged in uploading web images of more than 2,500 artifacts. For a more recent take on history, check Northern Kentucky views - a collection of postcard images dating from 1900 to 1940 After 63 years, the most-visited state park in Virginia has a new name. Seashore State Park in Virginia Beach became First Landing State Park on Monday. The new name recognizes the arrival of the first permanent English settlers in the New World. Their three ships anchored just west of Cape Henry on April 26, 1607, and the settlers traveled up the James River to found Jamestown. Almost 200 people attended a dedication ceremony for the park's new $1.6 million welcome center. The park was one of the six original parks opened in 1936 by the state park system. It had 1.2 million visitors last year, making it the most-visited state park in Virginia. This year's Folkfest in New Braunfels promises to be the most realistic journey back to the city's days as a pioneer village since the tradition began 14 years ago. The annual event, sponsored by the New Braunfels Historic Museum Association, includes Sahawe tribal dancers from Uvalde performing native dances in recognition of the six American Indian tribes who settled in New Braunfels. Visitors who want to explore their German-Texas heritage can take free genealogy lessons. The Folkfest's most popular event is the Kindermasken parade. Craighead County has put its historic Eastern District Courthouse on the auction block. The building and its contents will be sold May 1 to the highest bidders. Mr. Haas said the courthouse needs to be saved, but he said maintaining it would be too costly for the county. Send an Electronic postcard of Pecos National Monument Historic places to explore in: