Don Gaspar and his men had stopped at the Pueblo of Jemez, where they were told of a great pueblo in the mountain pass to the east. In the Jemez language, it was called "Pe-kush." To Spanish ears, this sounded like "Pecos," and the name survived. Since 1896, when the first major excavations and study of Chaco Canyon were undertaken, many archaeological teams and individuals have labored to excavate and interpret the ruins and define the contributions of the Anasazi culture. Using backhoes, shovels, picks, wiskbrooms, infrared sensing and laboratory analysis, scientists from a host of disciplines -- archaeology, ethnology, paleoecology, history, biology, chemistry and others -- labored through decades to piece together this intriguing story of Chaco Canyon.,2107,42530-68611-496840-0,00.html Bones discovered over the past two years have led to the identification of two new species of heavily armored dinosaurs, a researcher said Monday. The species, both 30-feet long and larger than elephants, are of an ankylosaur, or club-tailed armored dinosaur, and a clubless armored dinosaur or nodosaur, said James Kirkland, incoming state paleontologist for Utah. Foundation for Exploration and Research on Cultural Origins (FERCO) is a privately funded international research program administered at the University of Maine. The Foundation plans to provide archeologists and other scientists with competitive research funding again in 2000. The Lincoln attorney took on a complicated task when he agreed in May 1998 to investigate burial remains. He pushed back his deadlines several times to conduct interviews and review documents before reaching several major conclusions favoring the university. In the end, he expressed dismay at the acrimony of both sides of the issue. "To a very large degree, individuals ... on both sides of this issue leave little room for anything but dishonest behavior, deceit, incompetence and illegal activity. As is often the case, the truth lies somewhere between the extremes," he wrote. Newsweek's cover story argues that North America was first peopled by "a Rainbow Coalition of ethnic types," not just the Bering Strait-crossing Asians commonly depicted in history textbooks. New evidence suggests that Asians migrated from the Pacific Rim in canoes and that Europeans followed the frozen shoreline to the East Coast. An expert predicts that the research could relegate today's Native Americans to "just another Ellis Island group" and threaten their hard-won legal rights. In one of the largest textile-conservation projects in history -- and yet another example of museums using new technologies to preserve the past -- conservators will use an infrared camera originally developed to explore Mars. Visitors to the Smithsonian will be able to view the progress of the painstaking project through heavy-duty, floor-to-ceiling glass.