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The April 1999 edition of the PETROGLYPH, newsletter of the Arizona Archaeological Society, awaits you on SWA's Arizona page under the heading 'Organizations.'
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PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP TO PRESERVE HISTORIC FILMS 04/07/99 A dlrs 1.5 million public-private project to preserve hundreds of movies, such as Paul Robeson's "The Emperor Jones" and Frank Capra's World War II series "Why We Fight," is being organized by a federally authorized foundation. Officials on Tuesday announced the millennium program, called Treasures of American Film Archives. The coordinators are the National Film Preservation Foundation, set up by Congress, and the National Endowment for the Arts. The Pew Charitable Trusts in Philadelphia is making a dlrs 200,000 contribution on the heels of a dlrs 500,000 NEA grant in February. The American Film Institute and other industry groups have also contributed. Altogether, 17 separate archives will take part, including five federal agencies. Hundreds of movies, some only a few minutes long, will be copied onto modern film stocks. Workers will preserve a master copy, from which viewing copies will be made. The Library of Congress will work on "The Emperor Jones" and a collection from the laboratories of inventor Thomas A. Edison. It will also preserve footage taken in the field by anthropologist Margaret Mead, author of the landmark "Coming of Age in Samoa." Movies made before the 1950s were on highly flammable nitrate film, library officials say. Since then, newer and safer film stock has been used. The National Archives will do the seven-film Capra series, commissioned by the War Department to overcome the isolationist feeling strong in the United States before World War II. Duke Ellington's baritone saxophonist for 35 years, Harry Carney, took pictures of the orchestra between 1938 and 1941. The National Museum of American History will be in charge of those, and of shorts on communications technology that Western Union started more than 70 years ago.
COUNCIL OVERRIDES BACA VETO OF ONATE STATUE 04/07/99 Conquistador Juan de Onate was banished back to Spain some 400 years ago partly for atrocities committed against Indians. But as the tribes have learned, Onate doesn't go away quite so easily. The Albuquerque City Council on Monday voted 7-1 to override Mayor Jim Baca's veto against a statue honoring Onate as the first Spanish governor of New Mexico. The council had voted in favor of the statue March 1. Baca said he vetoed it because the statue would have been divisive in a multicultural metropolis. Indians were strongly opposed to it. "We should cry," said Arturo Sandoval, who helped organize opposition to the statue. In fact, tears did run down the cheeks of Acoma Indians present for the vote. "By honoring this man, you give him back his eyes, his spirit, his heartbeat. It is a spirit not worthy of being immortalized," said Lloyd Joe, a Navajo. Longtime Hispanic activist Gene Hill said: "Hispanic culture is constantly under attack all over this country for the past 20-30 years. To honor this man is long overdue." Hill is president of the New Mexico Hispanic Culture Preservation League. After the meeting, Onate opponents suggested there was a silver lining. "This struggle has opened doors for all of us," Sandoval said. Darva Chino, another anti-Onate organizer, said the group made progress in getting the concept for the statue changed from one solely honoring Onate to one in which Onate is but one of a group. "So I consider that a victory, although I'd like to have him not in there at all," Chino said. The amended order for the statue was approved by the same 7-1 margin. Councilor Sam Bregman, who chaired Monday's meeting, was the only vote against overriding the veto. "I will not, in good conscience, support a piece of art that insults so many people, to such an extent, with public money, and that would continue to divide this community," Bregman said. Councilors voting for the override were: Alan Armijo, Tim Kline, Adele Baca-Hundley, Ruth Adams, Tim Cummins, Michael Brasher and Council President Vincent Griego. "On the City Council, you get caught in the middle and everyone gets mad at you _ we can stand that," Armijo said. More than 60 people spoke on the issue Monday night, the antis outnumbering the pros by more than 2 to 1. A sampling: _"Don Juan was and remains our first governor. This fact cannot be disputed," said Richard Quintana. _"Acomas drew first blood," said John Lucero. _"Onate has done nothing for our past and will do nothing for our future," said Santana Titla. _"I don't think we should let Onate inflict pain again," said Roberto Mendez. The controversy began in 1598, when Onate claimed Acoma Pueblo for Spain. Relations with the tiny mesa-top tribe, about 50 miles west of Albuquerque, began on a friendly note but quickly darkened. When a dozen Onate troops showed up one day demanding provisions, the soldiers were killed. Onate sent 70 soldiers, who massacred 100 Acoma men, enslaved 60 women and girls and cut off one foot from each of the surviving men. Ultimately, Onate was stripped of his position in New Mexico and sent back to Spain, where he was relegated to the task of mine inspector.