Got CALICHE? The Earth Shall Weep: A History of Native America If Wilson gives us a revelatory glimpse into the internal reality of Indian America, he also leaves us with a question that the Native American witnesses to the experience of conquest might insist we Euro-Americans have not even begun to address: What is the nature of the people who supplanted them? The Earth Shall Weep: A History of Native America Chopping Down the Sacred Tree LARRY MCMURTRY April 22, 1999 The Earth Shall Weep: A History of Native America by James Wilson 466 pages, $27.00 (hardcover) published by Atlantic Monthly Press. A producer or studio may have the notion that they want a movie about Geronimo, but it will always develop that what they really want is a movie about the white guys who were chasing Geronimo. Maybe one of them could be Brad Pitt. In a broad sense, as it is with the movies, so it has been with history. Native American history becomes, in a flash, not their history, but the history of Anglo-European interaction with them, on two continents and a number of adjacent islands. The rest of the story -- I would think, from a Native American point of view it would be the deep story -- is left for archaeologists, anthropologists, paleontologists, ethnobotanists, and, always, the singers, the storytellers, the poets. Of the hundreds of questions that might be asked about Native American history, very few have definitive answers. Did Clovis man, with his excellent spearpoints, kill and eat all the woolly mammoths that once roamed the Great Plains, much as buffalo hunters with excellent bullets later almost wiped out the buffalo? Or did the great beasts merely get frozen in an ice age? How many Native Americans were there when the Europeans arrived, and what percentage of them were dead one hundred years later? Who made the great designs in the Atacama Desert of South America, designs so large that they could not have been wholly seen by their creators but only by soaring birds, the immortal gods, or twentieth-century humans in airplanes? What happened to the peoples of Mesa Verde or Chaco Canyon? If they left, where did they go? The unhappy truth, in regard to this history, is that we are now mostly movie-taught, if taught at all. Gardens in the Dunes begins and ends at a hidden garden near the Colorado River on the California-Arizona border. But Silko covers ground that includes the early stages of women's rights, emerging female sexuality, the rape of the Amazon, early quack medicine, Gnostic mysteries, Celtic magic, and flower husbandry. Silko uses this novel to explore contrasts between Native American and European customs and morals--with white culture often coming up short. Gardens in the Dunes offers both a vivid portrait of 19th-century Native American life and a provocative exploration of disparate cultures' relationships to the world around them. Gardens in the Dunes builds to a rich and unexpected climax in which Hattie finds herself reduced to poverty, thrown out of the society in which she has always lived so comfortably (however much she chafed at its rules), and is herself rescued by Indigo's people at the precise moment when the Ghost Dance is sweeping through the pueblos and reservations of the Indian peoples of the Southwest, bringing relationships between them and the whites to a new and dangerous level of tension. Colorado: A Liquid History & Tavern Guide to the Highest State The 5,000 crusty pioneers who inhabited the Queen City in the 1860s made merry in 35 saloons, according to University of Colorado history professor Thomas Noel, who studies saloons. And the saloon was a substitute for all those other institutions that were still years in the future. "You'd go to the bar for literature, you'd go to the bar for information on where the latest gold strike was," Noel says. "In the old days, if you were feeling bad, number one, you'd go out for a drink. You wouldn't go get a Tylenol." Noel, who has written extensively about Colorado history, is the author of the recently released Colorado: A Liquid History & Tavern Guide to the Highest State (Fulcrum Publishing, $18.95). The book describes historic saloons throughout Colorado.

WOMEN OF THE WEST MUSEUM PROGRAMS UNDERWAY 04/04/99 The Women of the West museum has its programs underway even though its planned 100,000-square foot facility is still in the ground breaking stages. "Our goal is to show people how women have helped shape the West and give young people an idea of what is possible in their lives," said Marsha Semmel, the museum's executive director. The museum has a World Wide Web site ( with a gallery and exhibit link that explores the lives of frontier women in sod houses. The museum also is sponsoring a "history trails project" for pupils at Dora Moore School in Denver. Students research newspapers, books and archives at the Denver Public Library and Colorado Historical Society to develop profiles of influential women who lived in the school's neighborhood. This summer the museum will sponsor a mural project for grade schoolers that will require them to interview their mothers to develop the painting. Semmel, who came to the museum from the Smithsonian Institution and the National Endowment for the Humanities, said the museum's goal is to involve communities. The museum will be at the University of Colorado's Research Park. A group of paleontologists and developers hope within weeks to start building a museum for what would be the largest collection of mounted dinosaurs in the country. A collection of antiques from Uintah Basin homesteading days has been offered to Duchesne County if a suitable location can be found to display the items. According to Duchesne County Commissioner Guy Thayne, who previewed the collection, the pieces are in very good shape. "There is well over $1 million in artifacts -- some Indian artifacts. The collection has been gathered not only from the Uintah Basin, but from all over Utah," said Thayne. "There are chains made from Johnson's army. I can't believe that one home could hold so much." He said the items are stored in the couple's basement, garage, porch and sheds, and that it is very generous of them to offer it to the county. Among the items he mentioned are sleighs, buggies and "all kinds of stoves." The elderly couple is downsizing and needs to have a commitment from Duchesne County within the next 90 days. The only stipulation the couple has is that the items be on display in the heart of Duchesne County. About 35 miles south of Vernal by the way the crow flies and eight or nine miles west of Bonanza lies the remains of a historic stage and freight stop named Chipeta Wells.[rkey=0000482+[cr=gdn+ssiuname=WebOSTTN+ssipwd=TTN5E822A37 One of about 20 books preserved during the past two weeks was the Record of Marks and Brands from 1849 through 1943. "Those are of particular interest because they were from the first settlers," Streater said. "Through marks and brands, people can learn more about their history through their ancestors.",2107,35486-57157-417946-0,00.html,2107,35279-56834-414506-0,00.html Three Inca mummies high in the Andes Mountains may have been frozen since being placed there 500 years ago.