Message #238

Date: Tue, 22 Sep 1998 22:24:33
Subject:	Human Activity And Impact On The Upper
		Gila River Watershed

[ AzTeC / SWA SASIG ] :

From: Suzanne Jamison

Several residents of Gila Hot Springs have a request
for information from any archaeologist, conservation
specialist, or other professional on this list
regarding human activity and impact on the upper Gila
River watershed.  We are involved in a project to
revegetate some cutbanks and restore the riparian
between where the West Fork and Middle Fork join and
where the East Fork comes in. We are soliciting any
information regarding the headwaters of the Gila River
that can further our understanding of the dynamics of
this watershed.  

In particular, we would like to know more about
pre-European contact populations' attempts to manage
the river flow, the Apache relationships to the river,
the Spanish presence in this area, changes wrought by
minimg, the cattle industry's impacts on the grasslands
and marshes along the river, the changes that grazing
and decline in wildlife such as the beaver caused, how
the riparian has been effected by reintroduction of elk,
and so forth. Nothing is too obscure or insignificant.
Sometimes oral histories are the best references for
what the river was like.  

Althhough I have very little basis for this belief,
somehow I have the idea that the river and the
surrounding uplands have changed drastically since the
1880s, but perhaps there were other time periods of equal
impact and evolution.  

We would appreciate hearing from anyone on this topic.
The river continues to change. As we like to remind
ourselves, "Watershed is not a building behind your

Please respond to me at  Thank you for
your assistance.  

Suzanne Jamison