Message #86 From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG To: "'Matthias Giessler'" Date: Wed 4 Mar 1998 Subject: Guadalupe Mountains Symposium (Site Visits to Mescalero / Apache War Encampments) [ AzTeC / SWA SASIG ] : From: Ann Watson Ann_Watson@nps.gov Guadalupe Mountains Symposium, April 22-25, 1998 THE GUADALUPE MOUNTAINS SYMPOSIUM Guadalupe Mountains National Park invites your participation at a research and resource management symposium, April 22-25, 1998 as the park celebrates 25 years of cultural and natural resource stewardship. The conference will highlight results from past and current research activities since the inception of the park to the present. Approximately 60 presentations in cultural and natural resource disciplines will be covered through a slide/lecture format in plenary and concurrent sessions, and in poster displays or exhibits. Conference Agenda April 22 2:00-9:00 p.m. Registration, Open House, Reception April 23 8:30-5:00 p.m. Plenary and Concurrent Sessions 6:00-9:00 p.m. Poster Display, Hosted Social Gathering April 24 8:00-5:00 p.m. Plenary and Concurrent Sessions 6:00-9:00 p.m. Buffet Dinner, Keynote Speaker April 25 various times 11 Scheduled Field Trips in the Park Presentations will occur at the Pecos River Village Conference Center in Carlsbad, New Mexico. Early registration fee for the full conference is $60, $30 for students. The late registration fee will be $90, $45 for students after April 6. The early single day registration fee is $30 per day, $15 for students. Contact Ann Watson Ann_Watson@nps.gov or phone 915/828-3251 x 101 to request a registration packet. General Session Highlights Overviews: Guadalupe Mountains Biological,Cultural,and Geological Resources The Role and Future of Science in the National Park System Research Challenges of a New National Park Overview of the Guadalupe Mountains NP Resource Management Program The Role of History in Managing Natural National Parks Integrating Genetic Information into Natural Resource Stewardship The Geologic Significance of Guadalupe Mountains National Park Looking to the Future Wildlife Breeding Avifauna of the Trans-Pecos Mountain Islands Changes in Bird Distributions in the Guadalupe Mountains Native Bee Pollinators of Guadalupe Mountains NP Insects within the Guadalupe Mountains and Surrounding Area Invertebrate Distributions in McKittrick Creek Mollusk representation in the Guadalupe Mountains Mountain lion ecology and trends in the Trans-Pecos Region of Texas Long-term Deer Trends in Guadalupe Mountains National Park Vegetation The Status of Rare Plants of Guadalupe Mountains National Park Inbreeding Depression Vulnerability of Small Populations of Columbines Ecology Wildland Fire Management in the Guadalupe Mountains Forensic Entomology The El Nino-Southern Oscillation Influence on Growth of Ancient Conifers at Guadalupe Mtns NP The Texas GAP and the Natural Resource Database Geology Application of the Permian Brushy Canyon Formation in Guadalupe Mountains as an Outcrop Analog for Deep-Marine Petroleum Reservoirs Orientation of Synsedimentary Folds in Carbonate Basin and Slope Deposits Guadalupian Series: International Standard for Middle Permian Time History of Sulfuric Acid Speleogenesis in the Guadalupe Mountains Detection of the Illawarra Reversal of the Earth's Magnetic Field in the Guadalupian Sequences and its Global Correlation Calcareous Sponges of the Middle Capitan Formation Permian Extinctions: A Fusulinacean's Way of Life and Death Lacustrine Paleoenvironments of the Trans-Pecos Closed Basin Cultural Resources and History The Career and Contributions of Wallace Pratt The Butterfield Trail and the Overland Mail The Apache Cultural Landscapes in Guadalupe Mountains National Park Archeological resources of Guadalupe Mountains National Park Legislative Mandates, Cultural Affiliation, and Guadalupe Mountains National Park Archeological Investigation of an Apache Wars Fight Locality Oral History Perspectives: Immediate and Future Historical Research Benefits Social Science The Role of Cooperating Associations in the Development of Tourism in National Parks Guadalupe Mountains NP Visitor Use Survey Results (1996-97) A Case Study in Applying Historical Research to the Educational Process Preserving a Piece of Wild Texas Field Trips Partial day and all day field trips are scheduled for Saturday, April 25. A. Botany of North McKittrick Canyon: Survey the botanical richness and diversity of North McKittrick Canyon. This 8-10 mile walk will take you through desert shrubland/woodland and the mesic forest of maples and madrones. Rare and unique plants to be seen may include McKittrick pennyroyal, mat leastdaisy, rock crevice milkwort, fiveflower rockdaisy, dwarf rock lettuce, and many others. Relatively flat terrain with some stretches of rocky wash. Limited to 20 B. Spiritual Landscape Along the El Capitan Trail: Experience Apache and Hispanic cultural landscapes from Guadalupe Canyon and along the Salt Basin Overlook at the base of El Capitan. This medium difficulty hike will take about 3 hours to reach the destination of a traditional Apache vision quest site, then a 3 hour return. Limited to 25 C. McKittrick Canyon of Wallace Pratt: Enjoy the architecture and settings of the Wallace Pratt homes, Ship-on-the-Desert and the charming stone cabin in McKittrick Canyon. After driving to Ship-on-the-Desert and the mouth of McKittrick Canyon, the group will make a leisurely 2.5 mile walk to Pratt Lodge. D. Geologic Walking Tour of Carlsbad Caverns: Group will hike through the natural entrance of Carlsbad Cavern, descend 830' feet below the surface and cover about 3 miles of walking. Subjects that will be seen and discussed on this tour include four episodes of karsting in the Guadalupe Mountains, age of the Cavern, sulfuric acid origin of large passages, origin of gypsum blocks and rinds, origin of unique minerals, origin of different speleothems, condensation-corrosion of speleothems, and creation of the popcorn line. Must wear rubber-soled shoes. Trip lasts 3-4 hours. Limited to 25 E. Geology of Rader Ridge: This hike will examine the toe-of-slope stratigraphy and sedimentation of the carbonate units of the Bell Canyon Formation, especially the Rader Member and the Pinery Member. Features of interest will include the slump feature which forms the updip end of the "Rader Slide," large-scale glide plains in the Pinery Member, and depositional processes distinguishing grainy from fine-grained basinal carbonate deposits. This fairly strenuous hike will cover about 10 miles. F. Apache War Locations: Mescalero Apache encampments along the east flank of the mountains were targets of 1868-69 Cavalry raids. Recent archeological discoveries have produced sufficient evidence to identify some of these sites. The group will make short hikes in the vicinities of Pine Springs and McKittrick Canyon to retell these stories. Partial day. G. Salt Flats and Gypsum Dunes: This group will explore the eology of Pleistocene Lake King (now the salt flats) which provide the feeder material for the second largest gypsum dune field in North America. Once on the dunes, discussions will turn to the specialized adaptations and survival strategies of plants and animals that deal with the climatic extremes of this harsh and arid environment. May require carpooling by 4WD. H. Aquatic Community of McKittrick Creek: This trip will focus on the virtually unseen community of aquatic organisms that inhabit the creek. Dip samples and hand lenses will help you discover these animals and to see how the community changes eith differences in water temperature, cover, gradient and substrate. Limited to 25 I. Dog Canyon to Lost Peak: This group will motor through the pinyon-juniper woodland of the Lincoln National Forest, and survey the vegetation and wildlife from the mountain valley of Dog Canyon to the wind-swept ridge of Lost Peak. The 8 mile round trip hike will offer vistas into West Dog Canyon and Upper McKittrick Canyon. Moderate. J. Stratotype Canyon: A Proposed International Standard: This canyon within the Western Escarpment displays attributes favoring designation of this site as an international time standard for Middle Permian time. The drive will offer views of the towering Western Escarpment, and a hike of less than 1 mile from the road with a gain of 500' elevation will place participants at the base of the section. Participants may choose to investigate Stratotype Canyon further, or continue to adjacent Shumard and/or Bone Canyon. Will require 4WD carpooling. Limited to 30 K. Birdwatching the Foothills: Bring your binoculars and discover some of the hidden sanctuaries and oases for the area bird life. Requires a moderate amount of hiking over rolling terrain to enjoy the birds that frequent the area seeps and springs. Limited to 20 For questions or additional conference information contact Ann Watson Ann_Watson@nps.gov For questions or additional conference information contact Symposium Chair Jan Wobbenhorst 915/828-3251 (x 102) Program Chair Fred Armstrong 915/828-3251 (x 132).