Message #86
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 

Date: Wed 4 Mar 1998
Subject: Guadalupe Mountains Symposium
(Site Visits to Mescalero / Apache War Encampments)

[ AzTeC / SWA SASIG ] :

From: Ann Watson

Guadalupe Mountains Symposium, April 22-25, 1998

Guadalupe Mountains National Park invites your participation
at a research and resource management symposium, April 22-25,
1998 as the park celebrates 25 years of cultural and natural
resource stewardship. The conference will highlight results
from past and current research activities since the inception
of the park to the present. Approximately 60 presentations in
cultural and natural resource disciplines will be covered
through a slide/lecture format in plenary and concurrent
sessions, and in poster displays or exhibits.
Conference Agenda
April 22   2:00-9:00 p.m.    Registration, Open House, Reception
April 23   8:30-5:00 p.m.    Plenary and Concurrent Sessions
           6:00-9:00 p.m.    Poster Display, Hosted Social Gathering
April 24   8:00-5:00 p.m.    Plenary and Concurrent Sessions
           6:00-9:00 p.m.    Buffet Dinner, Keynote Speaker
April 25   various times     11 Scheduled Field Trips in the Park
Presentations will occur at the Pecos River Village Conference
Center in Carlsbad, New Mexico. Early registration fee for the
full conference is $60, $30 for students. The late registration
fee will be $90, $45 for students after April 6. The early
single day registration fee is $30 per day, $15 for students.
Contact Ann Watson  or phone
915/828-3251 x 101 to request a registration packet.

General Session Highlights
Overviews: Guadalupe Mountains Biological,Cultural,and
Geological Resources
The Role and Future of Science in the National Park System 
Research Challenges of a New National Park
Overview of the Guadalupe Mountains NP Resource Management Program
The Role of History in Managing Natural National Parks
Integrating Genetic Information into Natural Resource Stewardship
The Geologic Significance of Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Looking to the Future
Breeding Avifauna of the Trans-Pecos Mountain Islands
Changes in Bird Distributions in the Guadalupe Mountains 
Native Bee Pollinators of Guadalupe Mountains NP
Insects within the Guadalupe Mountains and Surrounding Area 
Invertebrate Distributions in McKittrick Creek
Mollusk representation in the Guadalupe Mountains
Mountain lion ecology and trends in the Trans-Pecos Region of Texas 
Long-term Deer Trends in Guadalupe Mountains National Park
The Status of Rare Plants of Guadalupe Mountains National Park 
Inbreeding Depression Vulnerability of Small Populations of Columbines
 Wildland Fire Management in the Guadalupe Mountains 
Forensic Entomology
The El Nino-Southern Oscillation Influence on Growth of Ancient
Conifers at Guadalupe Mtns NP
The Texas GAP and the Natural Resource Database
Application of the Permian Brushy Canyon Formation in Guadalupe
Mountains as an Outcrop Analog for Deep-Marine Petroleum Reservoirs
Orientation of Synsedimentary Folds in Carbonate Basin and Slope Deposits
Guadalupian Series: International Standard for Middle Permian Time 
History of Sulfuric Acid Speleogenesis in the Guadalupe Mountains
Detection of the Illawarra Reversal of the Earth's Magnetic Field
in the Guadalupian Sequences and its Global Correlation
Calcareous Sponges of the Middle Capitan Formation
Permian Extinctions: A Fusulinacean's Way of Life and Death 
Lacustrine Paleoenvironments of the Trans-Pecos Closed Basin
Cultural Resources and History
The Career and Contributions of Wallace Pratt 
The Butterfield Trail and the Overland Mail
The Apache Cultural Landscapes in Guadalupe Mountains National Park 
Archeological resources of Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Legislative Mandates, Cultural Affiliation, and Guadalupe
Mountains National Park
Archeological Investigation of an Apache Wars Fight Locality
Oral History Perspectives: Immediate and Future Historical
Research Benefits
Social Science
The Role of Cooperating Associations in the Development of Tourism
in National Parks
Guadalupe Mountains NP Visitor Use Survey Results (1996-97)
A Case Study in Applying Historical Research to the Educational
Preserving a Piece of Wild Texas
Field Trips
Partial day and all day field trips are scheduled for Saturday,
April 25.
A.  Botany of North McKittrick Canyon:  Survey the botanical
richness and diversity of North McKittrick Canyon.  This 8-10 mile
walk will take you through desert shrubland/woodland and the
mesic forest of maples and madrones.  Rare and unique plants to be
seen may include McKittrick pennyroyal, mat leastdaisy, rock
crevice milkwort, fiveflower rockdaisy, dwarf rock lettuce, and
many others.  Relatively flat terrain with some stretches of rocky
wash.  Limited to 20
B.  Spiritual Landscape Along the El Capitan Trail: Experience
Apache and Hispanic cultural landscapes from Guadalupe Canyon
and along the Salt Basin Overlook at the base of El Capitan.
This medium difficulty hike will take about 3 hours to reach
the destination of a traditional Apache vision quest site, then
a 3 hour return.  Limited to 25
C.  McKittrick Canyon of Wallace Pratt: Enjoy the architecture
and settings of the Wallace Pratt homes, Ship-on-the-Desert and
the charming stone cabin in McKittrick Canyon. After driving to
Ship-on-the-Desert and the mouth of McKittrick Canyon, the group
will make a leisurely 2.5 mile walk to Pratt Lodge.
D.  Geologic Walking Tour of Carlsbad Caverns: Group will hike
through the natural entrance of Carlsbad Cavern, descend 830'
feet below the surface and cover about 3 miles of walking.
Subjects that will be seen and discussed on this tour include
four episodes of karsting in the Guadalupe Mountains, age of the
Cavern, sulfuric acid origin of large passages, origin of gypsum
blocks and rinds, origin of unique minerals, origin of different
speleothems, condensation-corrosion of speleothems, and creation
of the popcorn line.  Must wear rubber-soled shoes.  Trip lasts
3-4 hours.  Limited to 25
E.  Geology of Rader Ridge: This hike will examine the toe-of-slope
stratigraphy and sedimentation of the carbonate units of the
Bell Canyon Formation, especially the Rader Member and the Pinery
Member. Features of interest will include the slump feature which
forms the updip end of the "Rader Slide," large-scale glide
plains in the Pinery Member, and depositional processes
distinguishing grainy from fine-grained basinal carbonate
deposits.  This fairly strenuous hike will cover about 10 miles.
F.  Apache War Locations: Mescalero Apache encampments along the
east flank of the mountains were targets of 1868-69 Cavalry
raids.  Recent archeological discoveries have produced
sufficient evidence to identify some of these sites.  The group
will make short hikes in the vicinities of Pine Springs and
McKittrick Canyon to retell these stories.  Partial day.
G.  Salt Flats and Gypsum Dunes: This group will explore the
eology of Pleistocene Lake King (now the salt flats) which
provide the feeder material for the second largest gypsum dune
field in North America. Once on the dunes, discussions will turn
to the specialized adaptations and survival strategies of plants
and animals that deal with the climatic extremes of this harsh
and arid environment.  May require carpooling by 4WD.
H.  Aquatic Community of McKittrick Creek: This trip will focus
on the virtually unseen community of aquatic organisms that
inhabit the creek.  Dip samples and hand lenses will help you
discover these animals and to see how the community changes
eith differences in water temperature, cover, gradient and
substrate.  Limited to 25
I.  Dog Canyon to Lost Peak: This group will motor through
the pinyon-juniper woodland of the Lincoln National Forest,
and survey the vegetation and wildlife  from the mountain
valley of Dog Canyon to the wind-swept ridge of Lost Peak.
The 8 mile round trip hike will offer vistas into West Dog
Canyon and Upper McKittrick Canyon.  Moderate.
J.  Stratotype Canyon: A Proposed International Standard: This
canyon within the Western Escarpment displays attributes
favoring designation of this site as an international time
standard for Middle Permian time. The drive will offer views
of the towering Western Escarpment, and a hike of less than 1
mile from the road with a gain of 500' elevation will place
participants at the base of the section. Participants may
choose to investigate Stratotype Canyon further, or continue
to adjacent Shumard and/or Bone Canyon.  Will require 4WD
carpooling.  Limited to 30
K.  Birdwatching the Foothills:  Bring your binoculars and
discover some of the hidden sanctuaries and oases for the
area bird life.  Requires a moderate amount of hiking over
rolling terrain to enjoy the birds that frequent the area
seeps and springs.  Limited to 20             
For questions or additional conference information contact
Ann Watson

For questions or additional conference information contact
Symposium Chair Jan Wobbenhorst 915/828-3251 (x 102)
Program Chair Fred Armstrong 915/828-3251 (x 132).