Message #186
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 

Date: Mon, 08 Jun 1998 20:44:05
Subject: Chiricahua Apaches

[ AzTeC / SWA SASIG ] :

From: Walt Hutton wah@dana.ucc.nau.edu
	
Lynda Sanchez referred me to you when I asked her
a couple of questions pertaining to my thesis. My
name's Walt Hutton, and I'm currently about half
done with my MA at Northern Arizona University...
the people we call "Chiricahua Apaches" are the
focus of my study. I was wondering if you might be
able to shed light on a couple of questions I
have -- the first concerns the origin of the term
"Chiricahua." The most likely theory seems to be
that it originated with an Opata word. I realize
there probably is no definitive answer to this
question, but any light you might be able to shed
on it would be appreciated. Secondly, I'm working
on a section of my thesis that deals with the
origins of scalping. I was wondering if you were
aware of any archaelogical sites here in the
Southwest where there are human remains that show
evidence of scalping. I'm aware that such remains
have been found in the east and on the great
plains, but know of none here. Any help you could
give me would be greatly appreciated -- and thanks
in advance for your time!

Walt Hutton
wah@dana.ucc.nau.edu


SASIG Ed. Reply:

I have no answer for either question. Regarding
the physical anthropological question, you might
contact:

Chuck Merbs cfm9336@imap1.asu.edu
http://www.asu.edu/clas/anthropology/anth_fac.htm#Merbs
or
Christy Turner abcgt@asuvm.inre.asu.edu
http://toad.asu.edu/regents/prof35.html

Also look at:

http://www.unl.edu/rhames/cannibal/cannibal.htm
http://www.dickshovel.com/scalp.html

Regarding the origin of the word 'Chiricahua', perhaps
Deni Seymour djslmas@aol.com, or John Welch
jwelch@mail.bia.gov, or SWA e-mail list members can 
respond to your question...  
Regards.




From: Jim McDonald
Subject: Chiricahua Apache Walt, A brief history of the name can be found on pages 9 & 10 of: Wilson, John P. 1995 Islands in the Desert. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque This includes citations to the original sources, the primary one being: Nentvig, Juan 1980 Rudo Ensayo: A Description of Sonora and Arizona in 1764. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. However, your message suggests that you are already familiar with Nentvig, since he is the source of the attribution to the Opata. You might try calling the Fort Sill Chiricahua-Warm Springs Apache Tribe, (405) 588-2298. The chairwoman is Ruey Darrow. Her son Michael is the tribal historian and has been doing research on the Chiricahua language. He may have an another perspective on the origin. He most likely will not be at the tribal offices, but perhaps they can put you in touch with him. If not, let me know. Jim McDonald Forest Archaeologist Coronado N.F. 520-670-4518 jmcdonal/r3_coronado@fs.fed.us From: Diana Hawks dhawks@az.blm.gov Subject: Scalping evidence in the Southwest Check the rock art evidence for Canyonlands and other Colorado Plateau sites that suggests that some of the masks and other figures actually portray evidence of scalping (including the entire face). One investigator who has done quite a bit with this is Steve Manning from North Salt Lake, Utah. Researchers in southeastern Utah may have additional information. From: dd With regard to your scalping question check the following: Allen, Wilma H., Charles F. Merbs and Walter H. Birkby 1985 Evidence for prehistoric scalping at Nuvakwewtaqa (Chavez Pass) and Grasshopper Ruin, Arizona. In HEALTH AND DISEASE IN THE PREHISTORIC SOUTHWEST, edited by C.F. Merbs and R.J. Miller, pp. 23-42. Arizona State University Anthropological Research Papers No. 34, Tempe. May there always be skeletons in your closet! Charles F. Merbs cfm9336@IMAP1.ASU.EDU Phone: (602)965-4537 or (602)965-6213 for messages FAX: (602)965-7671