Message #134
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 

Date: Mon, 13 APR 1998
Subject: Julian Hayden Passes

[ AzTeC / SWA SASIG ] :

From: Ronald P. Maldonado

I see a lot of discussion about posters that were
sat on and how companies can't pay for travel. But
no one seems to have noted the passing of Julian
Hayden. Have Southwestern archaeologist forgotten
him? Julian passed away on march 7, 1998. I believe
that is the corrected date. He passed in his sleep.
I am expecting a copy of the obit in the mail when
I receive it I'll post it.  

From: Sharon Urban

Of course we have not forgotten about Julian!  An
obit is being prepared for KIVA as I write. However,
those of us in Tucson have been lax about getting
the word out on his fiesta. There will be a fiesta
in Julian's name at his house on Saturday April 25th,
beginning in the afternoon and carrying on until
whenever. There are no formal invitations, so if
interested just show up. His place is at 4329 East
Bellevue which is on the northwest corner of
Bellevue and Speedway in Tucson. Bellevue is one
block north of Speedway. If anyone who would like to
send a note to the fiesta with any rememberances
about Julian I'll be happy to take them to the fiesta
and give them to his children. I will put them in a
folder and have them out on a table for all to read.
They can be e-mailed to me:

SASIG Ed Note -- See the following about Julian Hayden:

Donald Bahr, Juan Amith, William Smith Allison and
Julian Hayden: The Short, Swift Time of Gods on
Earth: The Hohokam Chronicles

The Archaeology of Ancient Arizona By J. Jefferson
Reid and Stephanie Whittlesey. Descriptions of
long-ago people are balanced with tales about the
archaeologists who have devoted their lives to
learning more about "those who came before."
Trekking through the desert with the famed Emil
Haury, readers will stumble upon Ventana Cave,
his "answer to a prayer." With amateur
archaeologist Richard Wetherill, they will sense
the peril of crossing the flooded San Juan River
on the way to Chaco Canyon. Others profiled in the
book are A. V. Kidder, Andrew Ellicott Douglass,
Julian Hayden, Harold S. Gladwin, and many more
names synonymous with the continuing saga of
southwestern archaeology.
In 1970, Julian Hayden theorized that both Middle
and Late Archaic Cochise were "Amargosans", who
spoke an ancestral Piman tongue, and whose range
extended 1700 kilometers from the Rio Santiago in
Jalisco to the Gila River in Arizona.
Di Peso believed that the preceramic Ootam of Pimeria
Alta placed flexed burials in pits. These burials were
then typically covered with a cairn and contained few,
if any, grave goods (Di Peso 1956). This method
prevailed until the "Hohokam intrusion". In a similar
vein, Julian Hayden places the origins of the Hohokam
"... from a Tepehuan or Tepecano contact area in which
Mexico-Mesoamerican culture was dominant and in which
pottery making and canal irrigation were practiced,
perhaps in the state of Jalisco" (Hayden 1970:89).
He equates late Amargosan culture to Ootam culture
(though he disagrees with Di Peso's temporal sequence)
and defines the limits of this culture by the range
of Brown and Red-on-brown ceramic types.
Julian Hayden argued that they are adobe puddling or mixing pits.
Archaeologist Hayden dies at 87
Archaeologist Julian Hayden, an expert on the
prehistory of Sonora's Pinacate Mountains who
worked alongside Emil Haury at some of Arizona's
most significant excavations, died...
03/07/98 Arizona Daily Star Summary: Archaeologist
Julian Hayden, an expert on the prehistory of
Sonora's Pinacate Mountains who worked alongside
Emil Haury at some of Arizona's most significant
excavations, died yesterday in Tucson. He was 87.
Though he had no academic training in archaeology,
Hayden "contributed immeasurably to our
understanding of the past," driven by boundless
energy and curiosity, said University of Arizona
anthropologist Jefferson Reid. Source: The Arizona
Daily Star Date: 19980307
My mentor Lynch thinks it's too late and the
world, especially the Pinacates, is going to hell
in a handbasket. Julian Hayden would probably agree
with Lynch. Hayden, the most legendary Pinacate
desert rat of all, was born in 1911 and got his
education laboring on archaeological digs with his
Harvard-trained father. After working as a dig
foreman on several major 20th-century finds, Hayden
made his own mark in the Pinacates. He showed up
there in the 1950s, when he was already middle-aged.
The next twenty-five years were a race, to see
everything before "the campers" discovered the
Pinacates. Not that the campers didn't include some
of Hayden's friends. Several of them accompanied
him to Pinacate in the late '70s. They had been
staying in a wash for a few days and were preparing
to leave, when one began dismantling the fire ring
that Hayden had made out of loose stones. "What are
you doing?" he barked. The friend explained that
he was just trying to practice low-impact camping.
"You put that back," ordered Hayden. "Those that
came before didn't bother to take apart their fire
rings. Besides, what if I want to camp here again?"$ebony/tw/www/tw/07-03-97/feat.htm
Through Alan Harrington, I met Bill Eastlake,
another great man of the American Southwest, and,
later that winter, Edward Abbey. His generosity
was especially supportive of local writers and
desert heroes, many of whom I first met at Alan's:
Ed Gage, Neil Claremon, Tom Cox, Chuck Bowden,
Greg McNamee, Bill Broyles, Bunny Fontana, Julian
Hayden, Drum Hadley, Terry Moore, Dan Budnik, Bill
Root, to name a few. He remained, to the end,
Tucson's great man of letters.
From Blue Desert: "Here the land always makes
promises of aching beauty and the people always
fail the land." Bowden relentlessly portrays tha
connection, and he does so with surpassing
compassion. One who, it seems, doesn't fail the
land is Julian Hayden, the legendary subject of
"Going to the Black Rock" (Journal of the Southwest
29, 3 [Autumn 1987]), a man utterly worthy of the
Pinacate and Bowden's stern admiration. A fitting
exception to the rule.

Julian Dodge Hayden

On March 6, Julian D. Hayden passed away in Tucson,
his long-time home. Born in 1911 in Missoula,
Montana, and raised in Riverside, California,
Julian first came to Arizona in 1929. Perhaps best
known for his study of the Sierra Pinacate in
northern Sonora, Mexico, Julian spent most of his
adult life promoting and protecting that rugged and
remote desert region. But Julian also made
significant contributions to Hohokam and
southwestern Arizona archaeology.

On January 1, 1936, Pueblo Grande was forever
changed for the better when it was blessed with the
appearance of Julian, who had come in response to a
request by City Archaeologist Odd Halseth to live at
the museum and demonstrate the manufacture of
Julianís beautiful silverwork. Julianís mother had
been a painter and he had received art training, even
earning an Associate of Arts degree from Riverside
Junior College. The artist Mary-Russell Ferrell Colton,
co-founder of the Museum of Northern Arizona, had
recommended Julian for Director of the Phoenix Art
Center. In her recommendation, Ms. Colton noted that
Julian had a "commanding personality, very quiet and
steady, and Ö the ability to get along with his fellow
humans under the most difficult conditions." Those
skills would come to be important for his four-year
stay at Pueblo Grande.

Although Julianís skills as a silversmith were widely
recognized when he came to Pueblo Grande, he also had
considerable archaeological field experience for his
24 years of age. Halseth had met Julianís
Harvard-trained father, Irwin Hayden, in 1930 when
Irwin and Julian were excavating in the Grewe ruin and
in Compound F at Casa Grande Ruins for the Los Angeles
County Museum. Irwin and Julian also had worked
together at Mesa House in southern Nevada with M. R.
Harrington, at Kiet Siel in northern Arizona, and with
Harold Gladwin and Emil Haury in 1934-1935 at the
famous site of Snaketown in southern Arizona. Julian
supervised much of the work at Mound 29, where more
than 170,000 sherds were recovered from stratigraphic
units within the trash deposits. It was at Snaketown
where Julian met his wife, Helen Pendleton, a cousin
of Snaketownís cartographer, J. Fisher Motz. Julianís
and Helenís marriage resulted in two sons and two

While at Pueblo Grande demonstrating his jewelry,
Julian immediately became interested in the on-going
excavations on the platform mound. By February,
Julian was excavating and taking notes and
photographs for Halsethís Civilian Conservation Corp
(CCC) project in exchange for room and board. By
June, Halseth managed to get Julian hired as a
student technician for the CCC, and by October to
junior foreman, when in fact Julian had already been
supervising the CCC crew since January. In May 1938,
Julian was promoted to senior foreman, although the
National Park Service wondered how Julian was
advancing in position so fast without any academic

From 1936 to 1940, Julian supervised the excavation
of hundreds of pithouses, adobe rooms, compound
walls, cremations, burials, hornos, a canal, and
various pit features. His CCC crews excavated more
than 50 rooms on top of and adjacent to the
platform mound, which remains today one of the most
systematic excavations of a Hohokam platform mound
that has ever been undertaken. Julianís field notes
and sketches are meticulous, his 700+ photographs
clear and informative, and his excavation techniques
outstanding. In David Wilcoxís discussion of Julianís
work (Archaeology of the Pueblo Grande Platform Mound
and Surrounding Features, C. E. Downum and T. W.
Bostwick, eds., Pueblo Grande Museum Anthropological
Papers No. 1, 1994), he called Julian the finest
field archaeologist he has ever known to have worked
in the Southwest.

Unfortunately, due to Julianís and Oddís strong
personalities, they became distrustful of each other
and Julian left before he could write a report on
his excavations at Pueblo Grande. However, because
his records are so detailed, Chris Downum and I have
been able to publish two volumes in 1993 and 1994
filled with Julianís material, with other volumes
planned. Julian assisted in the editing of those
volumes, and wrote a foreword to the first volume,
and it was a great honor and privilege to have
worked with him. He often spoke of how happy he was
that his Pueblo Grande investigations were being
published, 50 years after he had undertaken that
work. In fact, up until 1983 when his records were
found in storage, Julian had thought that all his
notes and sketches had been discarded and therefore
would never be published.

After Julian left Pueblo Grande in early 1940, he
moved to Tucson and then excavated University
Indian Ruin, a Hohokam platform mound site. Because
there was no money available to publish his study,
Julian had to wait until 1957 to publish it through
the Southwestern Mounments Association with some of
his own money. In 1942, Julian supervised the
excavations under Emil Haury in Ventana Cave, one of
the most important ancient rockshelters in the
Sonoran Desert. It was Julian that saved a piece of
charcoal from the PaleoIndian deposits which Haury
later had dated by the radiocarbon technique to
9,345 B.C., firmly establishing that the lower
deposits were from the late Pleistocene.

Julian wrote a variety of articles about ancient
desert people, including articles for American
Antiquity, Kiva, and Journal of the Southwest. He
also authored an article about a Tohono OíOdham
(Papago) vikita ceremony he and Charlie Steen
observed, and recorded a Oíodham creation myth in
the mid-1930s which served the basis for a 1994
book by Donald Bahr and others called The Hohokam
Chronicles: The Short and Swift Time of Gods on
Earth. As Gary Nabhan has noted, Julianís detailed
ethnographic accounts provide information that was
no longer available after World War II.

Julian was also a gifted story-teller, and was well
known by his friends as one of the master weavers
of real Sonoran Desert tales. I remember several of
Julianís stories told in front of his house (which
he built himself), sipping his special tequila,
while he fed cheese to the lizards in his yard. It
was a commanding performance by Julian each time I

In 1987, Julian received the Arizona Archaeology
Councilís Award for Public Spirited Archaeology.
The Society for American Archaeology awarded him
the Don Crabtree Award for Avocational Archaeology
in 1988, calling Julian an "archaeologist
extrordinaire." In 1992, he was honored by Friends
of Pronatura for his life-long commitment to the
Sierra Pinacate region. Julian also served as the
President of the Arizona Archaeological and
Historical Society.

The Sonoran Desert lost a truly great man and a
friend with the passing of Julian Hayden.

Todd W. Bostwick
Phoenix City Archaeologist
Pueblo Grande Museum
Phoenix, Arizona
29 April 1998