Message #195:
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 
Subject: GRIC and Jicarilla Get EPA Environmental Grants
Date: Tue, 27 May 1997 08:11:55 -0700


Four Tribal governments were awarded a total of $2.1 million, the largest
environmental grant EPA has ever awarded to tribal governments.  The
Jicarilla Apache Tribe in New Mexico; the Oglala Sioux Tribe in South
Dakota; the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC) in Arizona; and the
Metlakatla Indian Community in Alaska will each receive $550,000 under
EPA's Tribal Integrated Waste Management Initiative.  These cooperative
agreements will provide financial and technical assistance to the tribes to
enable them to develop regulatory infrastructure to ensure proper
management of wastes on reservation lands.  The integrated program will
include management of solid waste, hazardous waste, underground storage
tanks and emergency response planning.  These four demonstration pilots
were chosen based on proposals submitted to EPA.  

The Gila River Indian Community encompasses more than 374,000 acres in
central Arizona.  The community lies adjacent to the rapidly growing cities
of Phoenix and Chandler. There are over 50 facilities on its land that
handle hazardous waste, making it the largest hazardous waste handler on
reservation land. The tribe will use this grant to develop and implement
sound environmental regulatory programs to assist it in handling numerous
problems caused by a lack of environmental regulations in the past. 

The Oglala Sioux Tribe of Pine Ridge, S.D., land encompasses 2.7 million
acres of property in three South Dakota counties.  Its grant will be used
to build a regulatory infrastructure that will help it deal with issues
related to the Badlands Bombing Range, underground storage tanks and the
implementation of procedures for emergency response. 

The Jicarilla Apache Tribe's proposal involves a cooperative effort with
the Taos Pueblo Tribe in Dulce, N.M. and Taos, N.M. Together the two
tribes' lands encompass over a million acres of property.  The major goals
of their waste management program are to: build and strengthen capacity for
integrated waste management and emergency response through training, site
assessment and regulatory development; establish a regional planning and
information data exchange program; conduct site and risk assessments and
outreach programs to identify, evaluate, prioritize and find solutions for
potential waste management related risks in their communities.  

The Metlakatla Indian Community in Metlakatla, Alaska is located on an
island, which is accessible by air and water only, and encompasses 86,000
acres. Its current infrastructure for handling all types of wastes is
currently lacking.  This grant will enable the tribe to build this capacity
as well as share its success with other remote communities.

[ SASIG Ed. Note -- "...develop regulatory infrastructure to ensure proper
management of wastes on reservation lands" could mean cleaner tribal lands,
or inefficient bureaucracy, depending upon how well the EPA and BIA allow
the Tribal demonstation projects to be set up.  Hopefully, they will do a
good job.  FYI, An emerging trend among smaller agencies is to create
'environmental manager' staff positions to direct both environmental
clean-up projects and cultural resource management issues. I currently
count seven 'twofer' positions in federal and local governments here in the
Southwest (I hold one of them).  Knowing this trend exists may aid
archaeologists in planning career advancement in governmental management of
programs.  If you hold such a position, tell SWA about it via a SASIG
message.  Others might be curious to know about the significant salaries
offered and why anthropologists are well-suited to mix such diverse
opportunities. ]