Message #46:
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 
Subject: Sheep is Life Fact Sheet
Date: Tue, 21 Jan 97 11:20:00 MST
Encoding: 198 TEXT

From: Suzanne Jamison (505-536-9339) 

Sheep is Life :A Celebration of Navajo-Churro Shepherds and Weavers

Fact Sheet

Dates: Thursday-Sunday, June 19-22, 1997
Location: San Juan College, Farmington , New Mexico
Contact: Recursos de Santa Fe, 505-982-9301, ext. 6.
800-732-6881 to request a brochure.

Activities & Fees:
Traditional Shade House and Sheep Camp - All activities free.
Arts & Crafts Vendors, Special Displays, and More open to the public.
Seminar - $125 for four days. Scholarships and work exchange available.
Workshops - Free to seminar registrants. Nominal cost to others.
Tours of the Four Corners Area - Self-guided, or by registration.
Centennial Celebration of Two Grey Hills Trading Post.

Sheep is Life: A Celebration of Navajo-Churro Shepherds and Weavers focuses 
on the importance of sheep raising to traditional Navajo life; the role of 
Churro sheep in the evolution of Navajo weaving; the special qualities of 
Navajo-Churro wool, meat and survival rates; and economic development.  Dine 
be 'iina', Ganados del Valle, the Navajo Sheep Project, Tierra Wools and 
Recursos de Santa Fe are collaborating to create a public celebration June 
19-22, 1997 at San Juan College in Farmington, New Mexico, and other
locations in the Navajo Nation. The event includes a public seminar; 
hands-on activities at a sheep camp; weaving exhibits; arts and crafts 
sales; plus workshops on processing and weaving with Navajo-Churro wool, 
economic development and marketing, and livestock management.  Navajo 
shepherds and weavers are featured presenters and artists, sharing the love 
of sheep, wool, weaving and land in a program including representatives from 
Ganados del Valle and Tierra Wools, a New Mexico-based wool and weaving 
cooperative. Shepherds and folk artists from other heritages are also 

For the Navajo, sheep represent the Good Life.  They are sacred animals 
given to the Dine by The Holy People.  Over 50 percent of Navajos are 
involved in sheep raising and other agricultural pursuits, as compared to 
only two percent of the total U.S. population.  Whereas the Navajos at one 
time exclusively raised the Churro breed, today it represents a small 
fraction of total sheep stock.  Navajo acquisition of the Spanish Churro in 
the mid-1600s inspired a radical change from hunting and gathering to 
pastoralism and farming.  Navajo culture and sheep have intertwined, 
co-evolving the distinctive Navajo-Churro breed and the famous Navajo 
weaving.  U.S. government actions such as imprisonment of the Navajos, 
slaughter of flocks and appropriation of summer grazing lands, lack of 
understanding of the Churro genotype's special qualities, and changes in 
commercial demand for wool, have led to the almost total eradication of the 
Churro, both on the Navajo Nation and in Spanish villages.  This loss 
negatively impacts traditional life style, health  and self-sufficiency in 
these cultures.  Navajo women are particularly affected because they own 
most of the herds and weaving is primarily a woman's occupation.  In 1977, 
the Navajo Sheep Project began a breeding program to restore the 
Navajo-Churro genotype to its natural habitat by providing rams and ewes to 
both Navajo and Spanish herders and weavers.  The recent reintroduction of
Navajo-Churro sheep opens many opportunities for communities to reclaim 
pastoral and folk art traditions.  This celebration seeks to strengthen 
community, educate the public, bring together ranchers and pastoralists, and 
provide economic support for Navajo-Churro producers and weavers.

Outline of Presentations
 Seminar - lectures and discussions with invited presenters Thursday through 
* All seminar sessions will be translated bilingually.  There will be ample 
time allowed for responses, questions and dialog.
* Fee of $125 for four days, to help defray food and facility costs. 
 Navajos, sheep producers and weavers can request full fee waivers; fee 
reductions, scholarships and work study are available, with preference given 
to representatives from community-based groups, persons with low income, 
students, and seniors.  Register with Recursos de Santa Fe, 505-982-9301.
* Presentations by approximately 15 Navajo weavers and sheep producers 
(presenters may be a family unit rather than one individual).  Augmented by 
approximately five presenters as their counterparts from other cultures. 
 Some suggested topics are: "What does it mean to be a traditional person?," 
"Gender roles in Navajo sheep raising, wool processing and weaving," "Native 
perspectives on the role of trading posts and traders," and "Relationship 
between Navajo-Churro, weaving, herding and land management."
* Scholars papers, juried by Dr. Hedlund.  Approximately twelve papers, 20 
minutes in length, will be presented, four each morning, Thursday through 
Saturday.  Papers will be submitted in advance for translation into Navajo.
* Roundtable and panel discussions, with representatives from various 
groups.  In addition to responding to the presentations, suggested 
discussions include:  "Weaver/Trader Discussion Group," "Elder/Youth 
Dialog," "Personal Accounts About Navajo-Churro Sheep," "Range Management 
and the Navajo-Churro," and so forth.

Workshops - Thursday through Sunday, afternoons
A small materials fee may be charged for some workshops.
* Technical assistance workshops for sheep producers on livestock and range 
management, marketing, and economic development.  Includes alternative 
techniques such as using llamas to guard flocks.  Presented by Dine be Iina, 
Ganados del Valle and Navajo Sheep Project.
* Wool processing, dyeing and weaving workshops.  Presented by Sharon 
Natani, Sharon Begay, Molly Manzanares and others.
* Community development and marketing workshops, including a value-added 
marketing strategy presented by Sally Fox, founder of FoxFibers.  Plus other 
presenters invited from successful projects.
* Dr. McNeal will coordinate intensive workshops on Monday and Tuesday for 
the sheep and goat producers, including range management seminars .  These 
will be held at the Navajo Sheep Project farm and include technical classes 
on nutrition, breeding and veterinary procedures.

Traditional Sheep Camp and Shade House
Friday through Sunday
The public is invited to come to the sheep camp and participate in 
activities at the shade house.  There is no charge.
* Dine be 'iina is inviting weavers, sheepherders and their families to set 
up a sheep camp on the San Juan College Campus, where they can sell their 
weavings and surplus wool.  Besides making quality weavings available for 
the audience in attendance, it demonstrates to younger Navajos the economic 
viability of wool production and fiber arts.  Different breeds of sheep, 
including the Navajo-Churro, will be in portable pens and may be handled 
where possible.  Other activities include comparisons of various breeds, 
herd management discussions, demonstrations of herd llamas, and more.
* Demonstrations of other indigenous wool processing techniques will also be 
included, such as the Scottish method for making felt. * Selected suppliers 
will be invited to demonstrate and sell specialized products relating to 
sheep raising, wool production, and traditional weaving.  This is a service 
for the producers and artists, who mostly live in rural areas.
* A shade house will be constructed by Dine be Iina as part of the camp, 
where the public can participate in hands-on activities such as wool 
processing, spinning, vegetal dyeing, and weaving.  Sharon Begay, Navajo 
Culture teacher at Ganado Primary School, will adapt activities from her 
Sheep Unit for children and adults.  There will be examples of wool from 
different breeds for comparisons, materials for children to make "box 
looms," plants used in native dyeing, a fire with dye kettles, and more * 
Round Dance, a social event in which all can participate.  Time to have fun 
together sharing the common language of music and dance.

Other Celebration Activities
* Participation of Navajo Medicine People, as appropriate, to offer prayers 
and songs for the sheep.  Songs and prayers by folk artists from other 
cultures will be presented, such as Gaelic waulking songs and petitions to 
San Ysidro.
* Conference Banquet with well-known keynote speaker.  Wendall Berry has 
tentatively accepted.  There is a separate fee for dinner, which is open to 
the public.
* Annual meeting of the Navajo-Churro Sheep Association, the group that 
officially registers the breed.  Organized by Connie Taylor, Registrar, and 
other officers.
* Tour of Navajo Sheep Project facilities at La Plata, Dr. Lyle McNeal.
* Weaving and Trading Post Exhibit.  Traders associated with specific styles 
of Navajo weaving will be invited to set up demonstration booths with a 
weaver from their area and weavings exemplifying the style such as "Two Grey 
Hills," "Wide Ruins," and so forth.  Traders may sell these weavings during 
the conference.

Organizations and Press:  For setting up displays, press releases and 
information on group rates, contact Suzanne Jamison, 505-536-9339, email

Individuals and Scholarship Requests:  For brochures and to register, 
contact Recursos de Santa Fe, 505-982-9301, ext. 6; fax 505-989-8608; e-mail

Send this form with payment to: Sheep is Life, Recursos de Santa Fe, 826 
Camino del Monte Rey, A6, Santa Fe, NM  87505; or fax with credit card 
information to 505-989-8608.  To request a brochure, call 800-732-6881.

Registration Information

Mailing Address
City, State, Zip
Daytime Telephone
Fax e-mail

Register me for the:
Four-day package, Thurs.-Sun.  $125
includes workshops and receptions

One day only (indicate date)    $35
includes workshops on that day

Total Amount  $_________

Enclosed is my check #______________
Please charge to my    ______Visa            _______ MC
acct. #___________________________________________
exp. date_________________________________________
authorizing signature_____________________________

Please send me additional information on:
____Workshops, $20/workshop for those not registered for seminar. List 
topics of greatest interest to you.

____Special Tours of Trading Posts, Weavers Homes and the Four Corners Area.

____The Centennial Celebration of Two Grey Hills Trading Post.

____Fee waivers and work exchange for sheep and goat producers, students, 
and individuals with low income.