Message #46: From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG To: "'Matthias Giessler'" Subject: Sheep is Life Fact Sheet Date: Tue, 21 Jan 97 11:20:00 MST Encoding: 198 TEXT From: Suzanne Jamison (505-536-9339) Sheep is Life :A Celebration of Navajo-Churro Shepherds and Weavers Fact Sheet Dates: Thursday-Sunday, June 19-22, 1997 Location: San Juan College, Farmington , New Mexico Contact: Recursos de Santa Fe, 505-982-9301, ext. 6. 800-732-6881 to request a brochure. Activities & Fees: Traditional Shade House and Sheep Camp - All activities free. Arts & Crafts Vendors, Special Displays, and More open to the public. Seminar - $125 for four days. Scholarships and work exchange available. Workshops - Free to seminar registrants. Nominal cost to others. Tours of the Four Corners Area - Self-guided, or by registration. Centennial Celebration of Two Grey Hills Trading Post. Sheep is Life: A Celebration of Navajo-Churro Shepherds and Weavers focuses on the importance of sheep raising to traditional Navajo life; the role of Churro sheep in the evolution of Navajo weaving; the special qualities of Navajo-Churro wool, meat and survival rates; and economic development. Dine be 'iina', Ganados del Valle, the Navajo Sheep Project, Tierra Wools and Recursos de Santa Fe are collaborating to create a public celebration June 19-22, 1997 at San Juan College in Farmington, New Mexico, and other locations in the Navajo Nation. The event includes a public seminar; hands-on activities at a sheep camp; weaving exhibits; arts and crafts sales; plus workshops on processing and weaving with Navajo-Churro wool, economic development and marketing, and livestock management. Navajo shepherds and weavers are featured presenters and artists, sharing the love of sheep, wool, weaving and land in a program including representatives from Ganados del Valle and Tierra Wools, a New Mexico-based wool and weaving cooperative. Shepherds and folk artists from other heritages are also participating. Background For the Navajo, sheep represent the Good Life. They are sacred animals given to the Dine by The Holy People. Over 50 percent of Navajos are involved in sheep raising and other agricultural pursuits, as compared to only two percent of the total U.S. population. Whereas the Navajos at one time exclusively raised the Churro breed, today it represents a small fraction of total sheep stock. Navajo acquisition of the Spanish Churro in the mid-1600s inspired a radical change from hunting and gathering to pastoralism and farming. Navajo culture and sheep have intertwined, co-evolving the distinctive Navajo-Churro breed and the famous Navajo weaving. U.S. government actions such as imprisonment of the Navajos, slaughter of flocks and appropriation of summer grazing lands, lack of understanding of the Churro genotype's special qualities, and changes in commercial demand for wool, have led to the almost total eradication of the Churro, both on the Navajo Nation and in Spanish villages. This loss negatively impacts traditional life style, health and self-sufficiency in these cultures. Navajo women are particularly affected because they own most of the herds and weaving is primarily a woman's occupation. In 1977, the Navajo Sheep Project began a breeding program to restore the Navajo-Churro genotype to its natural habitat by providing rams and ewes to both Navajo and Spanish herders and weavers. The recent reintroduction of Navajo-Churro sheep opens many opportunities for communities to reclaim pastoral and folk art traditions. This celebration seeks to strengthen community, educate the public, bring together ranchers and pastoralists, and provide economic support for Navajo-Churro producers and weavers. Outline of Presentations Seminar - lectures and discussions with invited presenters Thursday through Sunday. * All seminar sessions will be translated bilingually. There will be ample time allowed for responses, questions and dialog. * Fee of $125 for four days, to help defray food and facility costs. Navajos, sheep producers and weavers can request full fee waivers; fee reductions, scholarships and work study are available, with preference given to representatives from community-based groups, persons with low income, students, and seniors. Register with Recursos de Santa Fe, 505-982-9301. * Presentations by approximately 15 Navajo weavers and sheep producers (presenters may be a family unit rather than one individual). Augmented by approximately five presenters as their counterparts from other cultures. Some suggested topics are: "What does it mean to be a traditional person?," "Gender roles in Navajo sheep raising, wool processing and weaving," "Native perspectives on the role of trading posts and traders," and "Relationship between Navajo-Churro, weaving, herding and land management." * Scholars papers, juried by Dr. Hedlund. Approximately twelve papers, 20 minutes in length, will be presented, four each morning, Thursday through Saturday. Papers will be submitted in advance for translation into Navajo. * Roundtable and panel discussions, with representatives from various groups. In addition to responding to the presentations, suggested discussions include: "Weaver/Trader Discussion Group," "Elder/Youth Dialog," "Personal Accounts About Navajo-Churro Sheep," "Range Management and the Navajo-Churro," and so forth. Workshops - Thursday through Sunday, afternoons A small materials fee may be charged for some workshops. * Technical assistance workshops for sheep producers on livestock and range management, marketing, and economic development. Includes alternative techniques such as using llamas to guard flocks. Presented by Dine be Iina, Ganados del Valle and Navajo Sheep Project. * Wool processing, dyeing and weaving workshops. Presented by Sharon Natani, Sharon Begay, Molly Manzanares and others. * Community development and marketing workshops, including a value-added marketing strategy presented by Sally Fox, founder of FoxFibers. Plus other presenters invited from successful projects. * Dr. McNeal will coordinate intensive workshops on Monday and Tuesday for the sheep and goat producers, including range management seminars . These will be held at the Navajo Sheep Project farm and include technical classes on nutrition, breeding and veterinary procedures. Traditional Sheep Camp and Shade House Friday through Sunday The public is invited to come to the sheep camp and participate in activities at the shade house. There is no charge. * Dine be 'iina is inviting weavers, sheepherders and their families to set up a sheep camp on the San Juan College Campus, where they can sell their weavings and surplus wool. Besides making quality weavings available for the audience in attendance, it demonstrates to younger Navajos the economic viability of wool production and fiber arts. Different breeds of sheep, including the Navajo-Churro, will be in portable pens and may be handled where possible. Other activities include comparisons of various breeds, herd management discussions, demonstrations of herd llamas, and more. * Demonstrations of other indigenous wool processing techniques will also be included, such as the Scottish method for making felt. * Selected suppliers will be invited to demonstrate and sell specialized products relating to sheep raising, wool production, and traditional weaving. This is a service for the producers and artists, who mostly live in rural areas. * A shade house will be constructed by Dine be Iina as part of the camp, where the public can participate in hands-on activities such as wool processing, spinning, vegetal dyeing, and weaving. Sharon Begay, Navajo Culture teacher at Ganado Primary School, will adapt activities from her Sheep Unit for children and adults. There will be examples of wool from different breeds for comparisons, materials for children to make "box looms," plants used in native dyeing, a fire with dye kettles, and more * Round Dance, a social event in which all can participate. Time to have fun together sharing the common language of music and dance. Other Celebration Activities * Participation of Navajo Medicine People, as appropriate, to offer prayers and songs for the sheep. Songs and prayers by folk artists from other cultures will be presented, such as Gaelic waulking songs and petitions to San Ysidro. * Conference Banquet with well-known keynote speaker. Wendall Berry has tentatively accepted. There is a separate fee for dinner, which is open to the public. * Annual meeting of the Navajo-Churro Sheep Association, the group that officially registers the breed. Organized by Connie Taylor, Registrar, and other officers. * Tour of Navajo Sheep Project facilities at La Plata, Dr. Lyle McNeal. * Weaving and Trading Post Exhibit. Traders associated with specific styles of Navajo weaving will be invited to set up demonstration booths with a weaver from their area and weavings exemplifying the style such as "Two Grey Hills," "Wide Ruins," and so forth. Traders may sell these weavings during the conference. Organizations and Press: For setting up displays, press releases and information on group rates, contact Suzanne Jamison, 505-536-9339, email email@example.com. Individuals and Scholarship Requests: For brochures and to register, contact Recursos de Santa Fe, 505-982-9301, ext. 6; fax 505-989-8608; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. Send this form with payment to: Sheep is Life, Recursos de Santa Fe, 826 Camino del Monte Rey, A6, Santa Fe, NM 87505; or fax with credit card information to 505-989-8608. To request a brochure, call 800-732-6881. Registration Information Name Mailing Address City, State, Zip Daytime Telephone Fax e-mail Register me for the: Seminar Four-day package, Thurs.-Sun. $125 includes workshops and receptions One day only (indicate date) $35 includes workshops on that day Total Amount $_________ Enclosed is my check #______________ Please charge to my ______Visa _______ MC acct. #___________________________________________ exp. date_________________________________________ authorizing signature_____________________________ Please send me additional information on: ____Workshops, $20/workshop for those not registered for seminar. List topics of greatest interest to you. ____Special Tours of Trading Posts, Weavers Homes and the Four Corners Area. ____The Centennial Celebration of Two Grey Hills Trading Post. ____Fee waivers and work exchange for sheep and goat producers, students, and individuals with low income.