Message #391:

From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG

To:   Matthias Giessler

Subject: Old Pueblo Archaeology

Date: Tue, 16 Dec 1997 19:34:16 -0700

[ Scanned for your enjoyment -- SASIG Ed. ]

Old Pueblo Archaeology December 1997 Issue Number 11 The Quarterly
Bulletin of Old Pueblo Archaeology Center, Tucson,  Arizona

[PHOTO / CAPTION] Artifacts from a Previous Green Valley Volunteer
Archaeological Dig Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's excavations at the
"Continental " Hohokam archaeological site in 1995 recovered the Conus
shell tinglers, pendants of Glvcvmeris shell and stone, cruciform stone
artifact, spindle whorls made from stone, fired clay, and shaped
potsherds, and Tanque Verde Red-on-brown platter (originally 34 cm in
diameter) shown here. On the following pages are more artifacts that
were found during this Green Valley project, which was sponsored by
Tucson Electric Power Company and was conducted with much assistance
from avocational archaeology volunteers.

December Offers New Archaeological Excavation Opportunity for 
Volunteers Old Pueblo Archaeology Center will excavate a portion of
Torres Blancas Village, a prehistoric Hohokam settlement on the Santa
Rita Springs development property in Green Valley, during its upcoming
Silver Springs archaeological mitigation project. Members of Old
Pueblo's Archaeology Opportunities program may participate as volunteers
in this dig and its postfieldwork studies.

The Silver Springs project's volunteer-assisted excavations will be done
on Thursdays through Mondays until December 22 and possibly later.
Artifact cleaning and interpretive studies will continue through the
spring of 1998.

The excavation project is being sponsored by Netwest Development
Corporation of Tucson, which has awarded Old Pueblo Archaeology Center a
sole-source contract to conduct archaeological data recovery excavations
to help mitigate any impacts that construction of a retirement and
assisted-living facility may have on this important archaeological site.
Torres Blancas Village has been assigned archaeological site number AZ
EE:1:194 by the Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, and has
also been called the Lakeside site.

Old Pueblo Archaeology Center began studying this Hohokam village site
in 1994 at the request of Dorn Builders, the primary developer of the
Santa Rita Springs property, after prehistoric artifacts were discovered
on the property. In its early work at the site Old Pueblo excavated
backhoe trenches to determine whether any buried archaeological features
existed where an estimated 100 Hohokam pottery sherds and about 150
nondescript flaked stone artifacts had been found in an area measuring
about 140 meters in diameter. To the archaeologists' surprise, buried
cultural features extended more than 100 m beyond the scatter of surface
artifacts. These features included at least 30 prehistoric Hohokam
"pithouse" structures, 4 human burials, and over 30 other outdoor
roasting pits and midden areas.

As a result of the 1994 findings, Dorn Builders arranged for a portion
of Torres Blancas Village to be donated to the Archaeological
Conservancy, which is preserving the donated area for future
archaeological research. Old Pueblo Archaeology Center conducted limited
archaeological data recovery excavations in the donated portion of the
site shortly before the Conservancy acquired it to obtain more detailed
information about the Hohokam occupations at the site.

The remainder of the site outside of the Archaeological Conservancy's
preserve covers areas where developments are still planned, including
the portion where Netwest will construct its new facility. In Old
Pueblo's 1994 archaeological test-trenching program and in additional
explorations conducted in the Netwest project area earlier this year, 14
prehistoric Hohokam cultural features were identified. They included 7
probable pithouse structures, 6 outdoor pits, and 1 human burial. The
pottery styles recovered from the test trenches suggest that the Hohokam
made and used these features between A.D. l100 and 130O, during the late
Rincon and Tanque Verde phases.

The human burial in the Netwest project area was removed and studied
briefly by Old Pueblo Archaeology Center before the skeletal remains and
associated grave objects were repatriated to the Tohono O'odham Nation
for reburial in a cemetery on tribal land. Old Pueblo also excavated one
of the six outdoor pits in that area of the site in 1995, where Abrego
Drive was built later.

The seven other pithouses and the other prehistoric outdoor pits in the
Netwest project area are significant because they can provide important
new archaeological information about prehistoric Hohokam subsistence,
settlement, adaptation to the environment, trade and exchange patterns,
and the Hohokam social system in the upper Santa Cruz River valley. Old
Pueblo's upcoming excavation project will attempt to recover information
to address these research issues.

All of Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's Archaeology Opportunities members
are welcome to participate in the Torres Blancas Village site
excavations, but please note: to volunteer for the Torres Blancas Dig
you must call Old Pueblo Archaeology Center at (520) 798-1201!

[PHOTO / CAPTION] Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's excavations at Green
Valley's Continental site, in which volunteers assisted, resulted in the
recovery of these two handled jars. See page 3 article.

Pictures from Previous Volunteer-Assisted Excavations in Green Valley

The artifact photographs in this issue of Old Pueblo Archaeology were
made by professional photographer Ken Matesich for a publication
entitled Archaeological Excavations at the Continental Site in Green
Valley, Pima County, Arizona, in 1995.  Authored by archaeologist
Jeffrey T. Jones and several other contributors, this volume was just
published by Old Pueblo Archaeology Center this fall. It is the final
report on a scientific study that Tucson Electric Power Company (TEP)
sponsored in order to preserve and interpret cultural information that
had been buried in archaeological site AZ  EE:1:32 (ASM), a significant
prehistoric village that was partly within an area where TEP needed to
expand one of its  electrical power facilities.

The 1995 Continental site excavations by Old Pueblo produced a wealth of
new information on the Classic period Hohokam occupation of the middle
Santa Cruz River basin in south-central Arizona. Nine Hohokam habitation
structures were excavated at this site by archaeologists, assisted by
many avocational archaeology volunteers. Seven of the houses had burned
down while they were still in use, and He Hohokam never retrieved many
whole artifacts that were still on those house floors. Among the
archaeological discoveries, therefore were many storage pots with
preserved foods and other  botanical materials.

[PHOTO / CAPTION] These painted and plainware pottery jars and bowls
were recovered from three of the Hohokam pithouses that Old Pueblo
Archaeology Center excavated at the Continental site in 1995.

Archaeology Opportunities: Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's membership
and volunteer program is for people who wish to participate in
archaeological excavations and other aspects of scientific cultural
research, or for those who simply wish to support archaeology education
programs. By taking part in field research, members get to discover
ancient artifacts and cultural features, learn proper archaeological
record-keeping and sketching methods, and participate in postfieldwork
analyses, artifact processing and cataloging, and database utilization
Membership benefits include op portunities to participate in Old Pueblo
Archaeology Center's excavations, field surveys, and other research
programs, 20% discounts on Old Pueblo's publications, other items and
course offerings; subscription to the Old Pueblo Archaeology quarterly
bulletin; and invitations and discounts for field trips and other
archaeology events. Persons who complete a basic three-day Sabino Canyon
Ruin field school program automatically become Archaeology Opportunities
members for a full year A yearly fee option for enrollment and
membership renewal is  also available as indicated here The back cover
of this issue includes an enrollment form.

Archaeology Opportunities Annual Dues: Category [Annual Dues]  Individual [40]<10> 2-person Household [80]<10> General
Household [120]<10> Contributing [200] Supporting [500] Sponsoring
[1000] Corporation [1000]

First-Ever Guided Tour to Be Offered at Roadrunner Vista Site On
Saturday, January 10, 1998, Old Pueblo Archaeology Center offers the
first-ever guided tour of a dig at the Roadrunner Vista site, AZ
EE:7:261(ASM), near Huachuca City. Located on a terrace overlooking the
Babocornari River, this site has been under excavation by archaeologist
Allen Denoyer since late 1995 under the sponsorship of the landowners,
Mr. and Mrs. Larry Peterson of Sonoita.

"The site was occupied around the 1100s to 1200s by the Babocomari
culture," said Mr. Denoyer. "It shows the transition  from pithouse into
cobble reinforced, adobe-walled pit rooms connected with compound walls.
The ceramics are Dichromatic Babocomari that show stylistic similarities
to both Encinas Red-on-brown and late Sedentary period styles in the
Tucson  Basin." Denoyer has excavated and recorded about half of the
site's estimated 30 prehistoric structures.

The tour will begin at 10 a.m. and last till about noon. Be ready to
hike up a fairly steep hill, wear shoes that completely cover your feet
(no sandals), and bring at least 1 quart of water apiece. If you bring
your lunch we can eat together al fresco after the tour ends. This tour
is free for Archaeology Opportunities members, $10 for non-members. Call
(520) 798-1201 for reservations and directions to the tour meeting

[PHOTO / CAPTION] Prehistoric carved wooden artifacts are rare in
Arizona Hohokam sites, but the upper photo here shows one that was found
at the Continental site. One member of the Tohono O'odham tribe
commented that it is shaped just like the tips of wooden drumsticks that
are used in ceremonies on the San Xavier Indian Reservation south of
Tucson. In the lower photo are two polished stone planes from the
Continental site. The left one exhibits another rarity: ca. 800-year-old
preserved resin. This material 's position at the end opposite the blade
and its flattened appearance suggest it was applied to pad the user's
hand while planing a wood surface.

Upcoming Tours & Digs at Tucson's Sabino Canyon Ruin Old Pueblo
Archaeology Center is offering guided tours and archaeological dig
opportunities at the Sabino Canyon Ruin from December through March.
Excavations at this site that was a vibrant Hohokam Indian village
between A.D. 1000 and 1350 have recovered thousands of pottery, stone,
bone, and seashell artifacts and have revealed prehistoric pithouses,
apartment-like housing compounds with adobe and rock walls, ancient
canals, and even a dog burial.

The public guided tours that will be offered on December 6 and January
3, (Saturdays), February 8 (Sunday), and March 7 (Saturday) -- at 10
a.m. each day -- are fund raisers for Old Pueblo's nonprofit research
and education programs at the ruin. Professional archaeologists
directing the tours show and describe examples of artifacts that have
been recovered as well as several excavated Hohokam pithouses and
above-ground adobe structures, and offer interpretations of ancient
Hohokam life in the Sabino Canyon area.

Old Pueblo Archaeology Center members can go on the Sabino Canyon Ruin
tours for free with advance reservations. From nonmembers a donation of
$10 per adult and $2 per 6- to 12-year-old is requested. Children under
6 can go on the tour free. Kids under 12 years old must be accom- panied
by an adult.

[PHOTO / CAPTION] Prehistoric stone ax heads recovered from the
Continental Hohokam site in Green Valley (upper photo) are of the 3/4 -
grooved type. Fragments of a somewhat enigmatic artifact, an artiodactyl
(probably deer or antelope) shoulder blade Scapula) with multiple,
parallel notches cut into one margin of the blade, are shown in the
lower photo. A slgnificant amount of polishing was observed between the
notches on this piece, leading the osteologist who reported on it in Old
Pueblo Archaeology Center's final Continental site report to suggest
that notched artiodactyl scapulas were used as comb-like tools for
separating plant fibers to prepare them for use in textile making.

Sabino Canyon Ruin Tours (Continued) Sabino Canyon Ruin dig sessions are
scheduled for December 6, 13, 14, and 27, January 3, February 8, and
March 7. These sessions are field school classes in which proper
archaeological excavation and laboratory techniques are taught by
archaeologists. Each one-day dig/lab session begins at 8 a.m. and runs
till 1:30 p.m., and costs $69 per person.

The meeting place for the Sabino Canyon Ruin tours and digs is NOT at
the Sabino Canyon Visitor Center/tram area, so call Old Pueblo
Archaeology Center at 798-1201 for reservations and meeting place

Gourmet Archaeology Session April 24-26 at Q-Ranch Pueblo On April 24,
25, and 26, 1998, Old Pueblo Archaeology Center and the Arizona
Archaeological Society (AAS) will offer a 3-day-weekend dig expedition
and Sunday field trip at Q-Ranch Pueblo. Located 150 miles   northeast
of Phoenix near Young, Arizona, this ancient Mogollon pueblo ruin is
accessible to passenger cars and indirectly via White Mountain Passenger
Lines coaches running from Phoenix to Show Low.

The dig will be a " Gourmet Archaeology" field school package that
includes three epicurean meals per day prepared by Jonathan Rogers
(renowned among southwestern archaeologists for his gourmet cooking at
Q-Ranch) and accommodations at Q Ranch Lodge, the Rogers family's
comfortable two-story ranch house right next to the pueblo. After the
evening dinners, dig expeditioners can relax in the warmth of the
lodge's great fireplace, reminisce about the day's dig discoveries, and
learn more about the region's fascinating prehistory and history with
the session archaeologist, Allen Dart.

Minimum enrollment for the three-day dig is 7 people. The $465 fee
covers all needed dig equipment, three nights lodging, nine delectable
meals, and membership in the Arizona Archaeological Society.
Single-occupancy rooms at the lodge are available for $20 extra per
night.  For more information and a map call (520) 798-1201.

[PHOTO / CAPTION] One of the metates recovered during Old Pueblo
Archaeology Centers volunteer-assisted dig at the Continental site in
Green Valley was compatible with two different manos.

Arizona Humanities Council Offers Free Archaeology Presentations The
Arizona Humanities Council, our state's affiliate of the National  
Endowment for the Humanities, makes high-quality educational and
cultural activities available to Arizona nonprofit organizations through
its Resource Center. The Resource Center's Speakers Bureau provides
knowledgeable scholars in archaeology, art history, comparative  
religion, ethics, history, and other aspects of the humanities for free
public presentations to nonprofit groups.

Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's Executive Director, Allen Dart, was  
recently added to the ARC Speakers Bureau, and is now available to make 
two these slide- and artifact-illustrated presentations about southern
Arizona archaeology through this program. One is entitled "Arts and
Culture of the Prehistoric Hohokam Indians" and the second is
"Prehistoric Pottery of the Hohokam Indians in Tucson."

If you would like to schedule one of Allen Dart's talks for your group,
please call him at (520) 798-1201 in Tucson to arrange a date, then
confirm the agreed-upon date with the AHC.

To receive a free Arizona Humanities Council 1998-99 Resource Center  
Program Catalog call Rick Noguchi in Phoenix at (602) 257-0335,
extension 27. Groups wishing to schedule a speaker should make
arrangements with the Arizona Humanities Council at least six weeks
ahead of the program date.

[PHOTO / CAPTION] The Continental site pithouse in which this stone
mortar was found did riot contain any pestles. A stone pestle that is
compatible with it, shown above, was found in another house.

Award Nominations Sought The Governor's Archaeology Advisory Commission
will sponsor the 12th  annual "Awards in Public Archaeology" as part of
the March 1998 Arizona Archaeology Awareness Month celebration. These
awards are presented to individuals and programs that have contributed
time and energy to promoting the protection and preservation of
Arizona's nonrenewable archaeological resources and educating the public
about them.

The awards can be presented to people, groups, or programs worthy of 
recognition for public service efforts to help protect or preserve
archaeological sites or raise public awareness of the sensitivity of
archaeological sites.

Nominations are due by January 12, 1998. For a nomination form call
Allen Dart at Old Pueblo Archaeology Center, (520) 798-1201, or Ann
Howard at the State Historic Preservation Office, (602) 542-7138.

Coming Events Dec 6, 10 a.m.: Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's Sabino
Canyon Ruin guided tour, Tucson (p. 5).

Dec 7-21 or later: Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's volunteer-assisted
excavations at Torres Blancas Village site in Green Valley (p. 1).

Jan 2-4: "Indian America" New Years Competition pow-wow and Indian Craft
Market, Rillito Raceway Park, River Road & Ist Ave., Tucson; $1,500
contest money, 40 authentic Indian crafts booths, traditional Indian
foods, drum contest.

Jan 3, 10 a.m. Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's Sabino Canyon Ruin guided
tour, Tucson (p. 5).Jan 9: "Treasured Earth: Hattie Cosgrove's Mimbres
Archaeology in the American Southwest" slide-illustrated talk by Carolyn
O'Bagy Davis.

Arizona Archaeological Society Coronado Chapter meeting, Bureau of Land
Management office, Safford AZ. (520) 622-8957.

Feb 8, 10 a.m.: Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's Sabino Canyon Ruin
guided tour, Tucson (p. 5).

Feb 12, 9-10 a.m.: Arts and culture of the Prehistoric Hohokam Indians"
slide-illustrated talk by Allen Dan, with artifact display. Green 
Valley Community Church, 300 W. Esperanza Blvd. in Green Valley, AZ.
Madonna Moess, (520) 625-4712.

Mar 7, 10 a.m.: Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's Sabino Canyon Ruin
guided tour, Tucson (p. 5).

Mar 10, 6:30 p.m.: ~Arts & and Culture of the Prehistoric Hohokam
Indians talk & artifact display by Allen Dart. Wells Fargo Bank, 375 W. 
Continental Rd., Green Valley. Nancy Hough, Arizona Archaeological
Society, (520) 578-9053.

Old Pueblo Archaeology Center Thanks These Recent Supporters

Donors & Grantors The Archaeological Conservancy, Isobel Broome, Mrs.
Richard Coover, Donma Cosulich, Bob & Deanna Daybuff, Phil & Lou
English, Milton Frank, Mr.& Mrs. Max T. Miner, Jan Paulsen, John & Helen
Schaefer, Old Vail Middle School, Resurrection Lutheran Church J.O.Y.
Club, Patty & H. S. Russell, William "Scotty" Scott, Velma L Shoemaker,
Susan Smith, Mr. & Mrs. Stan Smith, Alice & Donald Somrak, Jim Treat,
Jim Trimbell, Charles  H. Wray, Howard & Pirjo Zirkle, & persons who
went on The Sabino Canyon Ruin tours

New & Renewing Members Thomas & Darlene Bevers, James T. Concannon,
Domma Coswich, David E. Doyel, Herb & Jane Ehns, F. K. Fuller, Jean
Guynes, Don Johnson, Michael Magnan, James A. McDonald, Mrs. & Mrs. Max
T. Miller, Gray Phillips, John & Helen Schaefer, Velma L. Shoemaker,
Harriet Smith, Jim Treat, Philip C. & Allison A. Zacharczyk.

Volunteers Special thanks this month to R. Brooks Jeffery for providing
information on Josiah Joesler-designed structures from the Arizona
Architectural Archives, U of A College of Architecture. Other recent
volunteers include Lynne Attardi, Cleta Hutchison, Jean Paul Masuda,
Karen Rathjen, Carol Richardson, & Cmdy Zokhrouf. (Our apologies if
we've overlooked  anyone!)

Archaeology for All

Everyone Can Participate in Old Pueblo Archaeology Center's Public
Programs The OPENI Dig Kids and adults can dig to discover pottery and
other artifacts buried in OPENI a realistic full-size model of a
prehistoric Indian pit-house village ruin Sessions include outdoor
archaeological excavations and indoor Native American craft activities
for ages 5 to adult. every Saturday $10 per session or special December
price $30 for four consecutive sessions (can continue into following

Sabino Canyon Ruin: 1, 2 or 3-day archaeological field school sessions
are offered at Tucson's Sabino Canyon Ruin, the site of a prehistoric
Hohokam Indian village that was inhabited between A.D. 1000 and 1350.
With guidance from archaeologists, participants learn to identify
Pre-Columbian artifacts architectural features and other evidence of
prehistoric occupations. Introductory one-day (5-hour) basic dig
sessions are open for registration every Saturday and non-weekend
sessions can be arranged for groups; minimum class size is three people.

Advance reservations are required for all dig sessions. Group rates are
available tor all programs. Call (520) 798-1201 for more information or
make reservations.

Bulletin of Old Pueblo Archaeology Center, Tucson, Arizona

IN THIS ISSUE: December Offers New Archaeological Excavation Opportunity
for Volunteers Pictures from Previous Volunteer-Assisted Excavations in
Green Valley Upcoming Archaeological Site Tours & Digs Arizona
Humanities Council Offers Free Archaeology Presentations Award
Nominations Sought Coming Events

Old Pueblo Archaeology is the quarterly bulletin of Old Pueblo
Archaeology Center, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit corporation. Old Pueblo's
Board of Directors includes Mark Tomas Bahti, JoAnn Cowgill, Allen Dart
Carolyn O. Davis (President), Frances Francisco, Stan Krzyzanowski, Marc
B. Severson, R. Gvvinn Vivian, and Bert Whitley. Please direct
questions, comments, or news items to Old Pueblo Archaeology Editor
Lynne Attardi or to Executive Director Allen Dart at Old Pueblo's post
office box address shown above, by phone (520-798-1201), or by fax

Membership/Subscription Application Form for Archaeology Opportunities
memberships or Old Pueblo Archaeology subscriptions

Name (Mr., Ms. Mrs.) Address City, State, Zip Area Code & Phone:

I Enclosed is my payment for:

Archaeology, Opportunities membership* (Category:   ) Old
PuebloArchaeology bulletin subscription only ($10.00/year) Donation to
Old Pueblo Archaeology Center TOTAL ENCLOSED

Each membership receives four issues of Old Pueblo Archaeology. Rates
are listed inside. If you are requesting a Household, Contributing,
Supporting, or Sponsoring membership please list all household members
who will receive membership benefits m the box at right. Please mail
form with your payment to Old Pueblo Archaeology Center, PO Box 40577,
Tucson AZ 85717-0577.

Questions?  Call Old Pueblo Archaeology Center at 520 2798-1201.