Message #211:
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 
Subject: USFS Heritage Program - Heritage Times (Part 2)
Date: Wed, 26 Jun 1996 16:39:38 -0700 (MST)
Mime-Version: 1.0

  NW Regional Environmental History Symposium
The American Society for Environmental History will hold a
regionally focused environmental history conference August 1-4,
1996, in Pullman WA and Moscow ID.  Contact Paul Hirt, Dept. of
history, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-4030.
Ph: 509-335-4883 FAX 509-335-4171 e-mail:
A web page with conference information including, accommodations
info, is under construction at  
  Integrating Appalachian Highlands Archaeology
Call for papers. Conference is to be held at the New York State
Museum, Albany, New York; October 3-5, 1996.  Contact: Dr. Lynne
P. Sullivan and  Dr. John P. Hart, Anthropological Survey, New
York State Museum, 3122 Cultural Education Center, Albany,  NY
12230   Phone: (518) 474-5813       Fax: (518) 473-8496
E-mail: OR
  Great Basin Anthropological Conference
The GBAC will happen at Lake Tahoe in Kings Beach CA, October
10-12, 1996.   Contact Charlotte Beck, GBAC Conference Chair,
Hunter College, Clinton NY 13323.  Phone: 315-859-4473  FAX:
315-859-4632  e-mail:
  Society for Historical and Underwater Archaeology
The SHA will hold its annual meeting at the Marriott Bayfront,
Corpus Christi, TX.  Contact Dr. David Carlson, Program
Coordinator, Anthropology Dept, Texas A&M University, College
Station, TX 77843-4352.  409-847-9248; FAX 409-845-4070 

  Military and CCC Ceramics:
  Robert Morgan:R08F12D05A
I am looking for information on the ceramics produced for the
military during the 1930s. These were the tablewares made by
various contractors for use in mess halls at CCC camps and
military camps.  They are heavy duty white "institutional"
ceramics, plates, bowls, cups, and mugs.  The bottom is often
marked in blue with US Quartermaster Corp or other military
identification. Often the manufacturer's name is on it too.  We
have located several trash dumps from CCC camps and prisoner of
war camps here in South Carolina. These are common to both.  Any
information would be appreciated.  Robert Morgan, Francis Marion
& Sumter NFs, 803-887-3257, R.Morgan:R08F12D05A
  Free to good home! Spare Stove and Gas Pump!
  Guy Marden:R06F16A
For those of you who may be restoring a cabin or Forest Service
Compound, the Pine Ranger District of the Wallowa-Whitman
National Forest has a wood cook stove and a hand gas pump that
are available. If you are interested you can contact Margaret
Durner (M.DURNER:R06F16A) or Guy Marden (G.MARDEN:R06F16A).
  Adobe Guard Stations?  Andrea Maliarik:R05F07D51A
Monterey Ranger District of Los Padres National Forest has an
historic adobe guard station constructed in 1908.  The building
is a simple one-room structure measuring 20' x 24', with a
hipped roof.  It is suspected that it may be one of the few, if not the
only, FS administrative buildings of such construction left in
National Forest System Lands.  I would appreciate any
information on other adobe guard stations still in existence.
  Historic Radio Towers:
  Tom Nave:R05F15A
The old Supervisors Office compound at North Fork here on the
Sierra has a set of three Radio towers that performed as a unit
in the High Frequency (HF) radio system.  These towers date from
the late 1930s and were most likely installed using CCC labor.
They also served as part of the early warning system during
WWII.  The sets of towers were supposed to have been
installed at Forest SOs  The set here is supposed to be the last complete set
in Region 5.  I am seeking information on the HF system and if
there are any other full sets of these towers still in
existence.  I also need to know what importance this type of
setup has in the development of radio communication technology.
Anyone with information can contact me at (209) 297-0706
ext.4824 or via DG at T.Nave:R05F15A. Thank you. Tom
  Rock Art Management Plans
I am in the process of writing a management plan for three
Western Archaic petroglyph sites located on Glorieta Mesa near
Pecos, New Mexico.  A research project utilizing PIT volunteers
focused on two of the sites over the last three field seasons.
The uniqueness of these sites has been revealed through
documentation, excavation, rock varnish analysis, radiocarbon
dating, analysis of soil morphology, and archaeoastronomical
observations.  Excavation revealed more petroglyphs buried on
nearly horizontal bedrock surfaces overlain with datable
materials (i.e. charcoal, soil).  Analysis of these materials as
well as several rock varnish samples, have resulted in minimum
and maximum dates which constrain the age of the petroglyphs
(c.a. 5000 years old) rather well and lend credibility to rock
varnish dating methods.  Several of the petroglyphs also appear
to be marking solar events (i.e. solstice and equinox sunrises
and sunsets).
These sites may be the most important archaic petroglyph
sites in the western United States.  This, along with a great deal of
public interest in the sites,  offers unique challenges for
future management (e.g. interpretation, further research, etc.).
I am looking for examples of any management plans that have been
written for rock art sites or advice in dealing with this unique
situation.  You may contact me at the above DG address or
at(505) 757-6121.
  Contract Examples:
As in years past, every Spring I receive a number of
requests for
examples of contracts and scopes of work for every imaginable
Heritage activity.  My examples are getting old.  If you have
recently developed or used a contract that you think is
exemplary, please send me a copy!  Preferably an electronic copy
so that I can file it in the electronic archives for future
distribution.  Right now I am most in need of examples for
timber sale surveys and for preparation of heritage management
plans for National Register sites.  Thanks!
  OSHA, Liability, and Historic Lookouts:
  Ron R. Johnson:R06F18D10A
The Winema N.F. is now contracting the Calimus Butte Lookout and
questions have arisen concerning safety features and OSHA
requirements.  Although the lookout has been in continuous
operation for 76 years, there are now concerns with liability
(steep narrow stairs & small access hole to cupola), especially
contractors liability.  The lookout has been determined NR
eligible and is getting much needed repairs.  It is also a
popular stop for various and sundry visitors.  This is an old
1920's style cupola lookout.  Elizabeth Budy, Winema Forest
Archaeologist is seeking information on how others have dealt
with these concerns.  Contact Elizabeth at: E.Budy:R06F20A or
(541) 883-6801


  A trail for all on Rattlesnake Ridge
An accessible trail is now open on the National Register
Heritage Resource site along Rattlesnake Ridge located on the Cuba RD,
Santa Fe NF.  The trail building project was the second year
of a two-year cooperation with the Sierra Club.  In 1995 a trail was
completed to Nogales Cliff House, a National Register site also
located on the district, with the help of Sierra Club
volunteers.  The 1995 and 1996 groups were supervised under the
leadership of Jerry and Pam Meyers of Albuquerque, New Mexico.
The sites being interpreted are associated with the little known
Gallina culture (AD 1050 - AD 1276) located in the area west of
the Rio Chama on the Cuba RD.  Both sites have been
excavated and are constantly visited by people from across the United States
and from abroad.  Nogales Cliff House is a picturesque site
located high in an alcove of a sandstone cliff.  The
Rattlesnake Ridge site is a large community cluster of
surface dwellings and pithouses with an associated tower and reservoir on a hogback
ridge.  The trail at Rattlesnake Ridge was designed and
constructed to provide people of all ages and abilities the
opportunity to visit a heritage resource that is off the beaten
path.  The site is not your normal roadside attraction but one
that gives all individuals a discovery experience with good dirt
road accessibility.
This years project was a momentous undertaking that involved the
cooperation from the Supervisor Office Engineers and Landscape
Architects, help from the Coyote RD and Cuba RD personnel, and
Benson-Montin-Greer Drilling Corporation.  The Sierra Club
provided volunteer labor.  Twenty-four volunteers constructed
berms, spread aggregate, soaked the trail with over 8,000
gallons of water and compacted it to provide a firm, stable, and
slip-resistant surface.  The volunteer labor totalled over 700
hours during the week.
Range personnel from the Coyote RD with the aide of small
six-wheel dumpers carried aggregate (a mix of crushed rock and
bentonite) non-stop onto the trail over a five day period.
During their back and forth runs from the stockpiles to dump
locations on the trail spaced every 3 feet, they traveled a
total of 176 miles.  The engineering crew from the Supervisors Office
provided a small Bobcat with a front loader to assist in loading
the six-wheel dumpers.
The forest supervision of the trail construction was aided by
Juli Niemann, Landscape Architect and Art Montoya from
Engineering.  The project is an ongoing interpretive development
implemented by the Cuba RD Heritage Resource Program.   In June,
the Youth Conservation Corp (YCC) will assist in doing the final
detail work to finish the trail.  We plan to complete the
interpretive signs and a brochure by the summer of 1997.  The
Sierra Club will return in 1997 to stabilize interpreted living
structures and tower with excavated back dirt.
The Rattlesnake Trail interpretive site, the first of its
kind on the Santa Fe National Forest is unique in its location and
discovery opportunity.  Congratulations go out to those who have
contributed their time and efforts into making this project
  The Lapidary Journal - "Culture Thieves"
  Brian Kenny <
I encourage a visit to your library or bookstore to acquire the
May 1996 edition of Lapidary Journal.  Annie Osburn has
written a review piece titled  -- Culture Thieves (The Stolen Bounty of
Pothunters and Grave Robbers Turns Black-Market Art Into Big
Bucks).  Ms. Osburn interviews a number of key persons
knowledgeable about the battle against archaeological vandals,
including -- Paul Charlton, Assistant U.S. Attorney, DOJ
(Phoenix); Mark  Bahti of Bahti Indian Arts (Tucson, AZ); Rich
Lange, Assistant Archaeologist with the Arizona State Museum;
Paul Fish, Curator of Archaeology at the Arizona State Museum;
Judge Sherry Hutt, Superior Court of Maricopa County, Arizona;
and, Martin Sullivan, Director of the Heard Museum in Phoenix.
Ms. Osburn recounts the cases of Earl Shumway of Utah, John and
Adam Bruce of Arizona, Gordon Pond, also of Arizona, and the
case of a Native American mummy illegally exhumed from a site on the
Tonto National Forest in Arizona.  Ms. Osburn also briefly
discusses ARPA and NAGPRA legislation.
According to the article, there are more ARPA prosecutions
in the state of Arizona than any other district in the U.S.  For
me, the low point of Ms. Osburn's article appears when she asks the
question: "Who really owns the past?  Is the work of
archaeologists, albeit done scientifically and with
integrity and respect, in itself a form of looting?"  A few sentences
later she notes "With tightening guidelines...some archaeologists may fear
restrictions on their trade.   A far cry from Indiana Jones,
whose persona lives through high adventure and near-death
experiences all to recover precious antiquities for a university
museum, most archaeologists work a slow and painstaking
existence to record small fragments of history."
In no way can professional archaeological site evaluation and
excavation be considered looting, especially as such
investigation is specifically required by law on federal, state
and tribal lands prior to any development activities which may
impact significant sites.  One can't pass a law requiring the
activity then call it looting.  Also, most professional
archaeologists work outside of University museums.  As
professionals in business, archaeologists do carry out
painstaking, expert efforts.
Nonetheless, the work is hardly slow.  Finally, the comment
about Indiana Jones, a fictional Hollywood character, holds no
place in an article about professional archaeologists.  Regardless of the
claptrap Hollywood engenders for purposes of entertainment,
Indiana Jones is NOT an archaeologist.  There is no reason to
raise the fictitious Jones in discussing ARPA, NAGPRA and site
Such poor analogy makes no rational or emotional sense, and only
serves to debase the real story  -- archaeologists engaging the
scientific method to interpret the past, and, archaeologists
working with Native Americans and law enforcement authorities to
protect sites from wanton destruction.



    BOOKS (and other sources)
  Lookouts, Forest History, and Humor
 Go Tell it on the Mountain  Jackie Johnson Maughan ISBN 0-8117-0738-5
Stackpole Books Mechanicsburg, PA  S22.95
In this collection of stories, essays, and jounal entries,
nineteen fire lookouts answer those questions with writings that
are funny, poignant, thoughtful, and dramatic.  Included is the
work of established writers whose lookout experience offered a
wellspring of inspiration and of veteran lookouts whose
occupation gave them great stories to tell.
The pieces vary widely - from accounts of witnessing the effects
of forest fires and surviving windstorms, earthquakes, and
blizzards, to tales of coping with the psychological demands of
the job, the loneliness and isolation, as well as the heartbreak
of giving it up.  The rewards of working as a lookout are
described, too - discoveries made while living for weeks in
concert with the natural world.
  How to Rent a Fire Lookout
  in the Pacific Northwest    by Tom Fooley and Tish Steinfeld ISBN
0-89997-195-4 Wilderness Press Berkeley, CA.
1-800-443-7227 S12.95
Rent a secluded fire lookout in the magnificent forests of the
Pacific Northwest!  Who hasn't dreamed of staying in a quiet,
peaceful, and secluded mountain-top retreat, with a view of a
magnificent green forest that extends all the way to the
This guide describes how anyone can rent an historic fire
lookout, guard station, or ranger cabin in the National Forests
of Oregon and Washington.  This is the first complete guide to
all the rentals available to rent in Oregon and Washington.  The
authors have personally visited each site to provide you with
complete and up-to-date information on renting your own private
place in the woods.
For each site you will find: A complete description, including
type of structure available heating/lighting, cooking and
sleeping facilities, furnishings, and suitability for children;
information on the rental procedure, cost, capacity, and dates
available;  detailed directions to the site; interesting things
to do nearby; photo of each site and topographic map of the
surrounding area.
  Forest Service Humor   ISBN 1-887200-01-0 HiStory ink Books P.O. Box 52
          Hat Creek, CA. 96040 S24.95 + S2.50 postage
More than 300 true stories by 146 contributors fill the 568
pages of this new book.  With a four "H" rating - Humorous,
Hilarious, Hysterical, Huge - stories, yarns, vignettes,
anecdotes, poems, and cartoons about people, places, and events in the U.S. Forest
Service are told.  Adventures in more than 75 national forests
and stories from 1905 to the present.
  Forest Service Memories
HiStory ink Books is looking for interesting stories, anecdotes,
vignettes, and yarns for a new book to be published sometime in
the spring of 1997.  The emphasis is on History and there is no
specific theme this time as there was with the "Fire" book and
the "Humor" book.
All Forest Service retirees, employees, and spouses can
submit as many stories as they want.  Each story should have a title.  You
will be credited as the author of each story that is used.
Contact HiStory ink Books, P.O. Box 52, Hat Creek, CA. 96040 for
further information and details.
  Documentary Film - "Who's Minding the Past"
  Barry Fuller <
Our company has recently completed a documentary film entitled
"WHO'S MINDING THE PAST?"  The film stresses the importance of
cultural resources, the need to preserve them and the various
volunteer programs that people can get involved in. While the
film is not specifically about lithics, it may be of interest to
some of your membership who may be trying to promote
volunteerism and interest in historic preservation.
"SAVING THE PAST" is a ten minute presentation about
archaeological site monitoring.
We can send you information about our films or you can visit our
Web Site at for more
  Cultural Heritage Research
Cultural Heritage Research announces the following publications,
which are available free from Rocky Mountain Forest and Range
Experiment Station headquarters in Fort Collins. Ordering
addresses are:
DG: R.Schneider:S28A
Internet: /s=r.schneider/
Mail:     Publications Distribution
          Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station
          3825 East Mulberry Rd.
          Fort Collins, CO 80524  
How to order: Include your name and address in three- or
four-line format. This will be clipped out and become your
mailing label.
1. Finch, Deborah M. and Joseph A. Tainter (eds.). 1995.
Ecology, Diversity, and Sustainability of the Middle Rio Grande Basin.
Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, General
Technical Report RM-GTR-268.
The following papers from this volume may be of interest to
readers in the Heritage Program:
Deborah M. Finch and Joseph A. Tainter, "Introduction: Ecosystem
Research in a Human Context."
Dan Scurlock, "Environmental History."
Frank Wozniak, "Human Ecology and Ethnology."
Many of the natural science papers in this volume might also be
of interest, since they provide excellent summaries of the state
of environmental knowledge.
2. Hadley, Diana and Thomas E. Sheridan. 1995. Land Use History
of the San Rafael Valley, Arizona (1540-1960). Rocky Mountain
Forest and Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report
3. Lent, Stephen C., Joan K. Gaunt, and Adisa J. Wilmer. 1996.
Fire Effects on Archaeological Resources, Phase I: The Henry
Fire, Holiday Mesa, Jemez Mountains, New Mexico. Rocky Mountain
Forest and Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report
4. Shaw, Douglas W. and Deborah M. Finch (compilers). 1996.
Desired Future Conditions for Southwestern Riparian Ecosystems:
Bringing Interests and Concerns Together. Rocky Mountain Forest
and Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report
This volume has the following heritage papers:
Richard D. Periman, "The Influence of Anasazi Cobble-Mulch
Agricultural Features of Northern New Mexico Landscapes."
Carol Raish, "Historic Land Use and Grazing Patterns in Northern
New Mexico."
Joseph A. Tainter and Bonnie Bagley Tainter, "Riverine
in the Evolution of Prehistoric Land-Use Systems in the Middle
Rio Grande Valley, New Mexico."  
Frank E. Wozniak, "Human Impacts on Riparian Ecosystems of the
Middle Rio Grande Valley During Historic Times."
5. Tainter, Joseph A. 1995. "Sustainability of Complex
Societies." Futures 27: 397-407.
There is also a recent book available from the publisher.
6. Tainter, Joseph A. and Bonnie Bagley Tainter (eds.). 1996.
Evolving Complexity and Environmental Risk in the Prehistoric
Southwest. Santa Fe Institute, Studies in the Sciences of
Complexity, Proceedings Volume XXIV. Addison-Wesley,
Reading, MA.


  R4 Windows on the Past Award
The Intermountain Region winner of the 1995 Chief's Windows on
the Past award is BOB LEONARD of the Fishlake NF.  This is the
second time Bob has received this honor, given in recognition of
outstanding contributions to the development of opportunities
that connect the public to the past.  This time, Bob is
recognized for his work with the "Canyon of Gold" Miner's Park
near Marysvale, Utah.  This multi-year project includes a
self-guided interpretive trail featuring mining equipment, a
restored miner's cabin (completely furnished), an auto tour, a
high-quality brochure, and refurbished picnic facilities.  Bob
organized local volunteers and PIT volunteers and established
local partnerships to acquire artifacts and equipment and
accomplish much of this work. To my knowledge, this is the first
time this national award has been given to an individual twice.
This is even more remarkable considering the high level of
achievement exhibited by other R4 candidates for this award.
Congratulations, Bob!!
  Idaho Orchids for R1 Heritage and Engineering Employees
The Idaho Historic Preservation Council selected several R1
employees as recipients of the prestigious "Orchid Award" for
outstanding historic preservation and Heritage resource
accomplishments.  Bernie Weisgerber and the entire R1
Preservation Team are recognized for their restoration work at
Snyder Guard Station (IPNF) and Moose Creek Ranger Station
(NPNF).  Ali Abusaidi, Nez Perce NF Archeologist is recognized
for outstanding leadership in both historical and archeological
work at Moose Creek Ranger Station.  The "Orchid Award" is the
State of Idaho's highest form of recognition for excellence in
all the fields of historic preservation.  Our warmest
congratulations to the recipients!  Your excellent work reflects
very well on your Forest, on the Northern Region, and on
your personal commitment to historic preservation. -- Mike
Beckes, Northern Region

  Deadlines ...   Friday, July 19th for the next issue!  
  Details ...     Articles will be accepted and considered in the order
   received.  Articles which present major editing challenges
   will be the last published!  Articles concerning sensitive
   issues may require higher level review (OGC).  Job
   announcements will be forwarded through the Heritage Workforce
   mailing list as soon as I can process my inbox.  Whenever
   possible, specific information requests will be forwarded to
   people I know can answer the question.  Address info: e-mail
   can be sent to /s=w.reed/ or  FAX users can send to 208-364-4111; FTS 2000
   Mail users can reach me at !A11R4AFMRNO.  Until next issue ...
   -= Will =-