Message #231:
From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG
To:   "'Matthias Giessler'" 
Subject: Oxford V Archaeoastronomy Conference Aug 96 Program Details
Date: Tue, 16 Jul 96 09:16:00 MST
Encoding: 418 TEXT

From: Rolf Sinclair/NSF Physics Division  
To: david a jr phillips
From: david a jr phillips   To: Brian Kenny
Can you circulate this?  Thanks, Dave P.


This Program is based on applications submitted to Oxford V. Asterisks (*) 
indicate those applicants that have pre-registered.

5-8 PM  Registration
6:00    Buffet Dinner
8:30    Welcome (Peter Pesic, St. John's College)
8:45    Welcome (Oxford V Committee -- the "Gang of Ten")

Posters #1 go up
Poster Group #1: Saturday-Tuesday
*Ambruster, *Chamberlain, Eddy, *Fountain, *Freeman, Hoskinson, *Lekson, 
*Malville, *Mooney, Morris, Muglova, Munson, *Olowin, Preston, Robbins, 
Roussel-Dupre, *Rowe, *Rudolph, *Schaefer, *Stekel, *Sullivan, *Walton, 
Watson, Westerman (see below for details).

General Topics
Ray White, Presiding
8:15 AM *Sinclair, R. M. Introduction
8:45    *Gumerman, G. J. Future Planning
9:30    *Schaafsma, P. If a Rose is a Rose is a Rose, Then is it True that a 
Star is a Star is a Star?
9:50    *Gumerman, G. J.  The Universe in a Cultural Context
10:30   Coffee
11:00   *McCluskey, S. Different Astronomies, Different Cultures, and the 
Question of Cultural Relativism
11:20   *Schaefer, B. E. Astronomy that Changed the World
11:50   Discussion
12:15 PM        Lunch
General Topics (Continued)
Suzanne Chippindale, Presiding
1:30 PM *Peiser, B. J. Cultural Aspects of Astronomical Neo-Catastrophism
2:00    Masse, W. B. To Catch a Falling Star: Cosmic Impact and Cultural 
2:30    Clube, S. V. M. Comets and Civilization
3:00    Coffee
3:30    Discussion
3:50    Murray, W. B. Archaeoastronomy: Genuine and Spurious
4:10    *Lekson, S. H. A History of the Southwest
5:00    Discussion
5:30    Dinner
6:00    Bar
8:00    To Be Arranged

Mainly US Southwest
Mike Zeilik, Presiding
8:30 AM *Chamberlain, V. D. Tracking Stars in Dinetah
9:10    Poss, R. L. Chaco Canyon: Contesting Versions of the Past
9:30    *Malville, J. McK. and N. J. Malville Pilgrimage and Astronomy at 
Chaco Canyon
9:50    *Bates, B. C. A Cultural Interpretation of Astronomical Alignments: 
Crack'n Rock Community, Wupatki National Monument
10:10   Discussion
10:30   Coffee
11:00   *Bostwick, T. W. The Shaw Butte Hilltop Site: a Prehistoric Hohokam 
11:20   Farrer, C. Life Written in the Stars
11:40   Discussion
12:15 PM        Lunch
U.S.; Hawaii; Crete
Breen Murray, Presiding
1:30    *Hollabaugh, M. Celestial Imagery in Lakota Culture
1:50    *Lankford, G. E. Walking the Milky Way: the Astronomy of Death
2:10    *Warther, F. X. Search for Unity. Kilo Lokahi. Astronomy and the 
Voyage of Goddess Pele in Ancient Hawai'i
2:30    *Blomberg, M. Evidence for Elements of Greek Astronomy and Religion 
in Minoan Crete
2:50    Discussion
3:15    Coffee
3:45    Posters #1
5:30    Dinner
6:00    Bar
8:00    Invited Talk:
        "Light of the Dawn -- Astronomical Legends of the Abenaki People" 
Gerard Tsonakwa (Tucson AZ)

Outings:        Comanche Gap, School of American Research, Laboratory for 

5:00 PM         Invited Talk:  "Stardance=81"  * John David Mooney (Chicago 
7:00    BBQ on Terrace
Posters #1 go down. Posters #2 go up.

Poster Group #2: Wednesday-Friday
*Achar, Ammarell, *Cairns, Belmonte Aviles, *Carlson, *Chiu, Dermendjiev, 
*Esteban, *MacKie, Morante Lopez, *Nedjalkov, Nelson, Psztor, *Penprase, 
Reichart, Siakiewicz, *Simonia, *Soltysiak, Sprajc, Stoev, *Sumners, 
*Teames, Ulansey, Valev, Zosimovich (see below for details).

World Archaeoastronomy
Peter Pesic, Presiding
8:30 AM *Ruggles, C. Astronomy, Cosmology, and Stonehenge
9:10    *Henriksson, G. Solar Eclipses, Supernovae, and Comets on Swedish 
Rock Carvings
9:30    *Gardner, Sara Lee. Scratching the Surface of Astronomy in the Land 
of the Bible
9:50    *Krupp, E. C. Bedroom Politics and Celestial Sovereignity: The 
Cosmo-political Function of Hittite Rock Art
!0:10   Discussion
10:30   Coffee
11:00   *Nedjalkov, P. Images of Stars in Orthodox Iconographic Tradition
11:20   *Gurshtein, A. A. The Evolution of the Zodiac in the Context of 
Ancient Egyptian History
11:40   *Locher, K. The Decans of Ancient Egypt: Timekeepers for Worship, or 
Worshipped Beyond Time?
12:00 N Discussion
12:20 PM        Lunch
Afternoon Free
Dinner On Your Own in Santa Fe

World Archaeoastronomy (Continued); Mesoamerica
Ed Krupp, Presiding
8:30 AM *Snedegar, K. The Pleiades over Africa
8:50    *Mannikka, E. The Role of Astronomy in the 12th Century Temple of 
Angkor Wat
9:10    *Pankenier, D. W. Applied Astrology in Zhou China: the Battle of 
Chenpu (632 BCE)
9:30    Discussion
10:00   Coffee
10:30   Nelson, S. M. and R. E. Stencel. Archeoastronomy as Part of a Core 
10:50   *Carlson, J. B. La Malinche and San Miguel: Sacrifice and Pilgrimage 
to the Mountain of Sustenance in Ancient Mexico
11:30   Discussion
12 M    Lunch
Mesoamerica (Continued)
George Gumerman, Presiding
1:30 PM *Macri, M. and D. Beattie.  The Lunar Cycle and the Mesoamerican 
Counts of Twenty, Thirteen, Nine, and Seven
1:50    Iwaniszewski, S. Patterns of Franciscan Church Orientations: the 
Christianization of Time in the 16th C. Central Veracruz
2:10    Lebeuf, A. Lunar Observation and Eclipse Prediction at Xochicalco, 
Morelos, Mexico
2:30    Morante Lopez, R. B. Astronomical Observations at La Ciudadela, 
Teotihuacan, Mexico
2:50    Coffee
3:20    *Milbrath, S. Jupiter in Classic and Postclassic Maya Art
3:40    Discussion
4:20    Posters #2
5:30    Dinner
6:00    Bar
8:00    Public Lecture: jointly sponsored by the School of American Research 
and the Oxford V Conference
          "Skywatchers, Shamans, and Kings" E.C. Krupp (Director, Griffith 
Observatory & Planetarium, Los Angeles, CA)

South America; Spain
Steve McCluskey, Presiding
8:30 AM *Pitluga, P. B. An Analysis of The Nazca Spirals
8:55    *Zuidema, R. T. The Astronomical Significance of Processions and 
Pilgrimages in the Calendrical Organization of Cuzco, Peru
9:20    *Dearborn, D. S. P. Where the Sun Returns to Earth
9:40    *Frank, R. Hunting the European Sky Bears: a Proto-European Vision 
Quest to the End of the Earth
10:05   Discussion
10:25   Coffee
10:55   *Barrios-Garcia, J. The Painted Cave of Galdar (Grand Canary 
Island): an Essay of Astronomical Interpretation
11:20   Belmonte Aviles, J. A. Iberian Archeoastronomy: an Application to 
the Dolmens of Valencia del Alcantara
11:40   *Esteban, C. and J. A. Belmonte Aviles. Archeoastronomical Fieldwork 
in the Canary Islands: Overview and Implications
12:00 M        Discussion
12:15 PM        Lunch

Conference Summary
Rolf Sinclair, Presiding
1:30    Business
3:00    Coffee
3:30    Rapporteur  #1
4:00    Rapporteur #2
4:30    Conclusion of Oxford V
5:00    Meeting ends. Posters #2 come down.
5:30    Dinner
6:30    Bar

Breakfast. Leave St. John's.
Start of Chaco Canyon Trip.

Return from Chaco Canyon Trip; dinner at St. John's.

Breakfast. Leave St. John's.


Poster Group #1: Saturday-Tuesday
*Ambruster, C. W. and T. Hull. A New Navajo Winter Solstice Sunrise Site in 
Chaco Canyon
*Chamberlain, V. D., W. R. Latady, and T. Prince. A solar Horizon Calendar 
at a Kayenta Anasazi Village
Eddy, F. W., J. McK. Malville, and D. R. Parker. The Calendars and Ceramics 
of Chimney Rock
*Fountain, J. W. A Database of Solar Markers
*Freeman, K., R. Bliss, and J. Thompson. An Anasazi Visual Communication 
System Linking Chimney Rock, Colorado and Chaco Canyon, New Mexico
Hoskinson, T. Calendric Investigations of a Complex Gila River, Arizona, 
Petroglyph Panel
*Lekson, S. H. Chaco and Casas Grandes
*Malville, J. McK. The Towers of Yellow Jacket
*Mooney, R. M.  Lunar and 45 Degree Day  Alignments at the Moonshadow Site: 
Use of Tridents by the Woodland Culture
Morris, N. Formative Cultural Affiliation and Aspects of a Calendric 
Observatory System at Parowan Gap, Utah
Muglova, P. Quantity Estimation of the Correspondence Between Cult 
Complexes' Parameters and Requirements of Astronomical Observations in 
Munson, G. E. and J. McK. Malville. The Pecked Basins of Mesa Verde
*Olowin, R. P. A Petroglyph Panel of Astronomical Significance
Preston, R. A. and A. L. Preston. Consistent Forms of Solstitial Interaction 
Between Sunlight and Petroglyphs Throughout the Prehistoric American 
Robbins, R. R. TBA
Roussel-Dupre, D. Archaeoastronomy Along the Upper Rio Grande Corridor
*Rowe, M. W. Radiocarbon dates on two "A.D. 1054 Supernova" pictographs in 
Lava Beds National Monument, California
*Rudolph, J. H. A Petroglyph Site Near Susanville, California
*Schaefer, B. E. Astronomy that Changed the World
*Stekel, F. D. Effigy Mound Archaeoastronomy
*Sullivan, W. The Future of the Past
*Walton, J. and J. McK. Malville. Astronomic Features of the Coal Bed Site, 
Watson, R. P., J. McK. Malville, and C. G. Cornucopia. Piedra del Sol and 
Primary Calendrical Stations of Chaco Canyon
Westerman, J. How the Discovery of New caves at Macu Picchu may be Related 
to measurements of Zenith and Anti-Zenith Sun Positions

Poster Group #2: Wednesday-Friday
*Achar, N. B. N. Similarities of Representation in the Vedic and Mayan 
Ammarell, G. Navigation Practices of the Bugis of South Sulawesi, Indonesia
*Cairns, H. C. Figurative Engravings of Prehistoric Australians
Belmonte Aviles, J. A. et al. Funerary Monuments of Ancient Gran Canaria: 
Orientation,  Costumes, Motivations, and Parallelisms
*Carlson, J. The Hungry Star: Descending Venus Monsters in Greater 
*Chiu, B. C. Canton at the Tropic of Cancer II
Dermendjiev, V. N. Astronomical Significance of Some Megalithic Sites in 
Western Rhodope  Mountains
*Esteban, C. An Archaeoastronomical Approach to the Pre-Roman Iberian 
Culture: the Sanctuary of La Serreta
*MacKie, E. The Chambered Tomb of Maes Howe, Orkney Island, and the Winter 
Morante Lopez, R. B. Astronomical Observations at La Ciudadela, Teotihuacan, 
*Nedjalkov, P. Fiery Sword of St. Michael the Archangel in Russian Icons And 
Bright Comets Appearances: One Unique Icon
Nelson, S. M. and R. E. Stencel. Archaeoastronomy as Part of a Core 
P=E1sztor, E., H. Robertson, and C. Roslund. The Sun and the Processional 
*Penprase, B. E. An Educational Resource Center for Ancient Astronomy
Siakiewicz, E. An Attempt to Solve the Problem of the Irregular Subdivision 
of the Meso- American Venus Cycle
*Simonia, I. and T. Simonia. Metals as a Mirror of Ancient Georgian 
Astronomic World Outlook
*Soltysiak, A. and A. Lebeuf. POHUALLI - Computer Simulation of Mesoamerican 
Calendar System
Sprajc, I. Observational Calendar at Tenayuca, Mexico
Stoev, A. and P. Muglova. The Dichotomy "Natural-Artificial" and its 
Influence on the Archaeoastronomy Interpretation of Cult Objects in the 
Rhodopes Area
*Sumners, C. TBA
*Teames,  S. Mesopotamian Astronomy and the Origin of the Alphabet
Ulansey, D. The Cosmic Mysteries of Mithras
Valev, P. and V. N. Dermendjiev. Linear Units of Length and Astronomical 
Constants Derived from the Study of Thracian Cult Constructions
Zosimovich, I. and D. Andrienko. Ancient Monuments of Astronomical Culture 
in the Territory of  "Kiev Russia".

1996 9 A.M. - 4 P.M.


9-9:30 a.m.    Registration/Check In and Coffee
9:30-10 a.m.   Welcome and Opening Remarks
          Rolf Sinclair, National Science Foundation, Washington DC
10-11 a.m.     The Navajo Skyway.  Von del Chamberlain, Hansen Planetarium, 
Salt Lake City UT
11-noon        Star Wars in Ancient Mexico.  John Carlson, Center for 
Archaeoastronomy, College Park MD
noon-1 p.m.    Lunch on your own*
1-2 p.m.       The Enigmatic Nazca Desert Drawings.  Phyllis Pitluga, Adler 
Planetarium, Chicago IL
2-3 p.m.       Astronomy, Cosmology, and Stonehenge.  Clive Ruggles, 
University of Leicester, U.K.
3-4 p.m.       Cultural Aspects of Cosmic Disasters.  Ben Peiser, Liverpool 
John Moores University, U.K.

* Because the Community college is not convenient to many restaurants, we 
ask that you either eat at the campus cafeteria or bring your own brown bag 

Registration: Call the Community Services Division at (505) 438-1251 and ask 
to register for ES#114, The Archeoastronomy Symposium.  ThIs is open to the 
public. The fee is $45.

General Information

What is Oxford V?
"Oxford V" is the fifth in a series of triennial international meetings 
focusing on the role that astronomical phenomena have played in human 
societies, ranging from the basis of calendrics and orientation, to the 
significance given to the "ritual landscape" of the sky.  Professionals from 
across disciplines will be meeting Aug. 4 - 9 at St. John's College in Santa 
Fe to present their research and exchange ideas.  This meeting is closed to 
the public, however, several presenters at this meeting have agreed to come 
a day early to participate in our public symposium on Aug. 3.


John Carlson:
While at the the Center for Archaeoastronomy his principal fields of 
research include astronomy, archaeology, archaeoastronomy and mesoamerican 

Von Del Chamberlain:
Retired Director of Hansen Planetarium in Salt Lake City, Utah, Von Del has 
spent his career sharing a love of astronomy and the night sky through a 
variety of public programs including stories of Native American sky lore. In 
addition to his work in the planetarium he has done extensive research in 
Native American ethnoastronomy.

Benny Peiser:
Historian and anthropologist, and senior lecturer at Liverpool John Moores 
University's School of Human Sciences.

Phyllis Pitluga:
As Senior Astronomer at The Adler Planetarium in Chicago for 24 years, 
Phyllis Petluga has spent the past decade conducting an archaeoastronomical 
investigation of the huge plant and animal drawings carved into the stony 
desert near Nazca, Peru.  This research has been featured in a National 
Geographic program and in the New Explorers series.

Clive Ruggles:
An interdisciplinarian who has worked in a variety of academic fields 
including archaeology, anthropology, astronomy, geography, computer science 
and information systems.  He is currently Senior Lecturer in Archaeological 
Studies at the University of Leicester where he teaches the only 
undergraduate course in archaeoastronomy in Britain.


The Navajo Skyway by Von Del Chamberlain
Sky symbolism is prolific in the traditions of Navajo people:  Sun, Moon, 
stars, clouds, rain, lightning, rainbows, sundogs and the varying hues of 
the sky are common elements of Navajo beliefs, lore, ritual practices, arts 
and technologies.  This illustrated presentation will outline concepts 
relating people, time and cosmos according to the Navajo world view.  It 
will include information about specific groups of stars portrayed in Navajo 
rock art and sandpaintings and about star ceilings in beautiful Canyon de 
Chelly and  elsewhere.

Star Wars in Ancient Mexico: The Murals of Cacaxtla and Xochitecatl by John 
The fortified hilltop palace of Cacaxtla, across the mountains to the east 
of Mexico City in the State of Tlaxcala, contains the finest and 
best-preserved ancient murals ever uncovered in Mexico.  They give us a 
glimpse into their world of trade, tribute, warfare and sacrifice, including 
a cult of sacred Venus-regulated warfare.  The ancient practices of mountain 
worship and pilgrimage within the ritual landscape of the Cacaxtla people 
and their ancestors are explored in light of new evidence of their survival 
in contemporary Tlaxcala.

The Enigmatic Nazca Desert Drawings:  Extraterrestrial Runways or 
Astronomical Observatories? by Phyllis Pitluga
The largest constructions on the Nazca plains along the south coast of Peru 
are quadrangle-shaped plazas (the largest is 800 x 50 meters).  The plazas 
are accompanied by huge triangles, long straight lines and about two dozen 
figures of plants and animals.  They were created by clearing aside the dark 
surface rocks to expose the light-colored subsurface.  Who did it, when and 
why?  Phyllis Pitluga has spent more than a decade analyzing this site using 
a sureveyor's theodolite and computer.  Her conclusions are surprising. 
 Judge the evidence she has to present for yourself.

Astronomy, Cosmology, and Stonehenge by Clive Ruggles
Many of the thousands of visitors who come to Stonehenge each year, whether 
around the time of midsummer sunrise or not, have the general idea that the 
monument is some sort of ancient astronomical observatory.  Yet the academic 
literature on the subject is confusing. In recent years a new view has 
emerged of Stonehenge astronomy that is in tune both with developments in 
archaeologists' understanding of social aspects of southern Britain in the 
Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, and with developments of thought and method 
in world archaeoastronomy.

Cultural Aspects of Cosmic Disasters by Benny Peiser
Ever since the early 1980's when Louis Alvarez and his colleagues linked the 
extinction of the dinosaurs to an impact catastrophe, an increasing number 
of astronomers claim that a series of cosmic disasters on a much smaller, 
yet global scale also punctuated the earth in more recent times. Could a 
more active and threatening sky have caused major cultural changes of 
prehistoric civilizations, belief systems and religious rituals?  Let's look 
at the evidence.