Message #231: From: AzTeC SW Archaeology SIG To: "'Matthias Giessler'" Subject: Oxford V Archaeoastronomy Conference Aug 96 Program Details Date: Tue, 16 Jul 96 09:16:00 MST Encoding: 418 TEXT From: Rolf Sinclair/NSF Physics Division email@example.com To: david a jr phillips firstname.lastname@example.org From: david a jr phillips To: Brian Kenny email@example.com Can you circulate this? Thanks, Dave P. ----- OXFORD V CONFERENCE ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE IN SANTA FE, NEW MEXICO PRELIMINARY PROGRAM This Program is based on applications submitted to Oxford V. Asterisks (*) indicate those applicants that have pre-registered. SATURDAY, AUG. 3 5-8 PM Registration 6:00 Buffet Dinner 8:30 Welcome (Peter Pesic, St. John's College) 8:45 Welcome (Oxford V Committee -- the "Gang of Ten") Posters #1 go up Poster Group #1: Saturday-Tuesday *Ambruster, *Chamberlain, Eddy, *Fountain, *Freeman, Hoskinson, *Lekson, *Malville, *Mooney, Morris, Muglova, Munson, *Olowin, Preston, Robbins, Roussel-Dupre, *Rowe, *Rudolph, *Schaefer, *Stekel, *Sullivan, *Walton, Watson, Westerman (see below for details). SUNDAY, AUG. 4 General Topics Ray White, Presiding 8:15 AM *Sinclair, R. M. Introduction 8:45 *Gumerman, G. J. Future Planning 9:30 *Schaafsma, P. If a Rose is a Rose is a Rose, Then is it True that a Star is a Star is a Star? 9:50 *Gumerman, G. J. The Universe in a Cultural Context 10:30 Coffee 11:00 *McCluskey, S. Different Astronomies, Different Cultures, and the Question of Cultural Relativism 11:20 *Schaefer, B. E. Astronomy that Changed the World 11:50 Discussion 12:15 PM Lunch General Topics (Continued) Suzanne Chippindale, Presiding 1:30 PM *Peiser, B. J. Cultural Aspects of Astronomical Neo-Catastrophism 2:00 Masse, W. B. To Catch a Falling Star: Cosmic Impact and Cultural Evolution 2:30 Clube, S. V. M. Comets and Civilization 3:00 Coffee 3:30 Discussion 3:50 Murray, W. B. Archaeoastronomy: Genuine and Spurious 4:10 *Lekson, S. H. A History of the Southwest 5:00 Discussion 5:30 Dinner 6:00 Bar 8:00 To Be Arranged MONDAY, AUG. 5 Mainly US Southwest Mike Zeilik, Presiding 8:30 AM *Chamberlain, V. D. Tracking Stars in Dinetah 9:10 Poss, R. L. Chaco Canyon: Contesting Versions of the Past 9:30 *Malville, J. McK. and N. J. Malville Pilgrimage and Astronomy at Chaco Canyon 9:50 *Bates, B. C. A Cultural Interpretation of Astronomical Alignments: Crack'n Rock Community, Wupatki National Monument 10:10 Discussion 10:30 Coffee 11:00 *Bostwick, T. W. The Shaw Butte Hilltop Site: a Prehistoric Hohokam Observatory 11:20 Farrer, C. Life Written in the Stars 11:40 Discussion 12:15 PM Lunch U.S.; Hawaii; Crete Breen Murray, Presiding 1:30 *Hollabaugh, M. Celestial Imagery in Lakota Culture 1:50 *Lankford, G. E. Walking the Milky Way: the Astronomy of Death 2:10 *Warther, F. X. Search for Unity. Kilo Lokahi. Astronomy and the Voyage of Goddess Pele in Ancient Hawai'i 2:30 *Blomberg, M. Evidence for Elements of Greek Astronomy and Religion in Minoan Crete 2:50 Discussion 3:15 Coffee 3:45 Posters #1 5:30 Dinner 6:00 Bar 8:00 Invited Talk: "Light of the Dawn -- Astronomical Legends of the Abenaki People" Gerard Tsonakwa (Tucson AZ) TUESDAY, AUG. 6 Outings: Comanche Gap, School of American Research, Laboratory for Anthropology 5:00 PM Invited Talk: "Stardance=81" * John David Mooney (Chicago IL) 7:00 BBQ on Terrace Posters #1 go down. Posters #2 go up. Poster Group #2: Wednesday-Friday *Achar, Ammarell, *Cairns, Belmonte Aviles, *Carlson, *Chiu, Dermendjiev, *Esteban, *MacKie, Morante Lopez, *Nedjalkov, Nelson, Psztor, *Penprase, Reichart, Siakiewicz, *Simonia, *Soltysiak, Sprajc, Stoev, *Sumners, *Teames, Ulansey, Valev, Zosimovich (see below for details). WEDNESDAY AUG. 7 World Archaeoastronomy Peter Pesic, Presiding 8:30 AM *Ruggles, C. Astronomy, Cosmology, and Stonehenge 9:10 *Henriksson, G. Solar Eclipses, Supernovae, and Comets on Swedish Rock Carvings 9:30 *Gardner, Sara Lee. Scratching the Surface of Astronomy in the Land of the Bible 9:50 *Krupp, E. C. Bedroom Politics and Celestial Sovereignity: The Cosmo-political Function of Hittite Rock Art !0:10 Discussion 10:30 Coffee 11:00 *Nedjalkov, P. Images of Stars in Orthodox Iconographic Tradition 11:20 *Gurshtein, A. A. The Evolution of the Zodiac in the Context of Ancient Egyptian History 11:40 *Locher, K. The Decans of Ancient Egypt: Timekeepers for Worship, or Worshipped Beyond Time? 12:00 N Discussion 12:20 PM Lunch Afternoon Free Dinner On Your Own in Santa Fe THURSDAY, AUG. 8 World Archaeoastronomy (Continued); Mesoamerica Ed Krupp, Presiding 8:30 AM *Snedegar, K. The Pleiades over Africa 8:50 *Mannikka, E. The Role of Astronomy in the 12th Century Temple of Angkor Wat 9:10 *Pankenier, D. W. Applied Astrology in Zhou China: the Battle of Chenpu (632 BCE) 9:30 Discussion 10:00 Coffee 10:30 Nelson, S. M. and R. E. Stencel. Archeoastronomy as Part of a Core Curriculum 10:50 *Carlson, J. B. La Malinche and San Miguel: Sacrifice and Pilgrimage to the Mountain of Sustenance in Ancient Mexico 11:30 Discussion 12 M Lunch Mesoamerica (Continued) George Gumerman, Presiding 1:30 PM *Macri, M. and D. Beattie. The Lunar Cycle and the Mesoamerican Counts of Twenty, Thirteen, Nine, and Seven 1:50 Iwaniszewski, S. Patterns of Franciscan Church Orientations: the Christianization of Time in the 16th C. Central Veracruz 2:10 Lebeuf, A. Lunar Observation and Eclipse Prediction at Xochicalco, Morelos, Mexico 2:30 Morante Lopez, R. B. Astronomical Observations at La Ciudadela, Teotihuacan, Mexico 2:50 Coffee 3:20 *Milbrath, S. Jupiter in Classic and Postclassic Maya Art 3:40 Discussion 4:20 Posters #2 5:30 Dinner 6:00 Bar 8:00 Public Lecture: jointly sponsored by the School of American Research and the Oxford V Conference "Skywatchers, Shamans, and Kings" E.C. Krupp (Director, Griffith Observatory & Planetarium, Los Angeles, CA) FRIDAY AUG. 9 South America; Spain Steve McCluskey, Presiding 8:30 AM *Pitluga, P. B. An Analysis of The Nazca Spirals 8:55 *Zuidema, R. T. The Astronomical Significance of Processions and Pilgrimages in the Calendrical Organization of Cuzco, Peru 9:20 *Dearborn, D. S. P. Where the Sun Returns to Earth 9:40 *Frank, R. Hunting the European Sky Bears: a Proto-European Vision Quest to the End of the Earth 10:05 Discussion 10:25 Coffee 10:55 *Barrios-Garcia, J. The Painted Cave of Galdar (Grand Canary Island): an Essay of Astronomical Interpretation 11:20 Belmonte Aviles, J. A. Iberian Archeoastronomy: an Application to the Dolmens of Valencia del Alcantara 11:40 *Esteban, C. and J. A. Belmonte Aviles. Archeoastronomical Fieldwork in the Canary Islands: Overview and Implications 12:00 M Discussion 12:15 PM Lunch Conference Summary Rolf Sinclair, Presiding 1:30 Business 3:00 Coffee 3:30 Rapporteur #1 4:00 Rapporteur #2 4:30 Conclusion of Oxford V 5:00 Meeting ends. Posters #2 come down. 5:30 Dinner 6:30 Bar SATURDAY, AUG. 10 Breakfast. Leave St. John's. Start of Chaco Canyon Trip. MONDAY, AUG. 12 Return from Chaco Canyon Trip; dinner at St. John's. TUESDAY, AUG. 13 Breakfast. Leave St. John's. Sayonara! Poster Group #1: Saturday-Tuesday *Ambruster, C. W. and T. Hull. A New Navajo Winter Solstice Sunrise Site in Chaco Canyon *Chamberlain, V. D., W. R. Latady, and T. Prince. A solar Horizon Calendar at a Kayenta Anasazi Village Eddy, F. W., J. McK. Malville, and D. R. Parker. The Calendars and Ceramics of Chimney Rock *Fountain, J. W. A Database of Solar Markers *Freeman, K., R. Bliss, and J. Thompson. An Anasazi Visual Communication System Linking Chimney Rock, Colorado and Chaco Canyon, New Mexico Hoskinson, T. Calendric Investigations of a Complex Gila River, Arizona, Petroglyph Panel *Lekson, S. H. Chaco and Casas Grandes *Malville, J. McK. The Towers of Yellow Jacket *Mooney, R. M. Lunar and 45 Degree Day Alignments at the Moonshadow Site: Use of Tridents by the Woodland Culture Morris, N. Formative Cultural Affiliation and Aspects of a Calendric Observatory System at Parowan Gap, Utah Muglova, P. Quantity Estimation of the Correspondence Between Cult Complexes' Parameters and Requirements of Astronomical Observations in Antiquity Munson, G. E. and J. McK. Malville. The Pecked Basins of Mesa Verde *Olowin, R. P. A Petroglyph Panel of Astronomical Significance Preston, R. A. and A. L. Preston. Consistent Forms of Solstitial Interaction Between Sunlight and Petroglyphs Throughout the Prehistoric American Southwest Robbins, R. R. TBA Roussel-Dupre, D. Archaeoastronomy Along the Upper Rio Grande Corridor *Rowe, M. W. Radiocarbon dates on two "A.D. 1054 Supernova" pictographs in Lava Beds National Monument, California *Rudolph, J. H. A Petroglyph Site Near Susanville, California *Schaefer, B. E. Astronomy that Changed the World *Stekel, F. D. Effigy Mound Archaeoastronomy *Sullivan, W. The Future of the Past *Walton, J. and J. McK. Malville. Astronomic Features of the Coal Bed Site, Utah Watson, R. P., J. McK. Malville, and C. G. Cornucopia. Piedra del Sol and Primary Calendrical Stations of Chaco Canyon Westerman, J. How the Discovery of New caves at Macu Picchu may be Related to measurements of Zenith and Anti-Zenith Sun Positions Poster Group #2: Wednesday-Friday *Achar, N. B. N. Similarities of Representation in the Vedic and Mayan Astronomies Ammarell, G. Navigation Practices of the Bugis of South Sulawesi, Indonesia *Cairns, H. C. Figurative Engravings of Prehistoric Australians Belmonte Aviles, J. A. et al. Funerary Monuments of Ancient Gran Canaria: Orientation, Costumes, Motivations, and Parallelisms *Carlson, J. The Hungry Star: Descending Venus Monsters in Greater Mesoamerica *Chiu, B. C. Canton at the Tropic of Cancer II Dermendjiev, V. N. Astronomical Significance of Some Megalithic Sites in Western Rhodope Mountains *Esteban, C. An Archaeoastronomical Approach to the Pre-Roman Iberian Culture: the Sanctuary of La Serreta *MacKie, E. The Chambered Tomb of Maes Howe, Orkney Island, and the Winter Solstice Morante Lopez, R. B. Astronomical Observations at La Ciudadela, Teotihuacan, Mexico *Nedjalkov, P. Fiery Sword of St. Michael the Archangel in Russian Icons And Bright Comets Appearances: One Unique Icon Nelson, S. M. and R. E. Stencel. Archaeoastronomy as Part of a Core Curriculum P=E1sztor, E., H. Robertson, and C. Roslund. The Sun and the Processional Road *Penprase, B. E. An Educational Resource Center for Ancient Astronomy Siakiewicz, E. An Attempt to Solve the Problem of the Irregular Subdivision of the Meso- American Venus Cycle *Simonia, I. and T. Simonia. Metals as a Mirror of Ancient Georgian Astronomic World Outlook *Soltysiak, A. and A. Lebeuf. POHUALLI - Computer Simulation of Mesoamerican Calendar System Sprajc, I. Observational Calendar at Tenayuca, Mexico Stoev, A. and P. Muglova. The Dichotomy "Natural-Artificial" and its Influence on the Archaeoastronomy Interpretation of Cult Objects in the Rhodopes Area *Sumners, C. TBA *Teames, S. Mesopotamian Astronomy and the Origin of the Alphabet Ulansey, D. The Cosmic Mysteries of Mithras Valev, P. and V. N. Dermendjiev. Linear Units of Length and Astronomical Constants Derived from the Study of Thracian Cult Constructions Zosimovich, I. and D. Andrienko. Ancient Monuments of Astronomical Culture in the Territory of "Kiev Russia". ****** ARCHAEOASTRONOMY SYMPOSIUM IN SANTA FE PUBLIC SYMPOSIUM SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1996 9 A.M. - 4 P.M. IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE FIFTH OXFORD CONFERENCE ON CULTURAL ASPECTS OF ASTRONOMY, AN INTERSECTION OF DISCIPLINES Program 9-9:30 a.m. Registration/Check In and Coffee 9:30-10 a.m. Welcome and Opening Remarks Rolf Sinclair, National Science Foundation, Washington DC 10-11 a.m. The Navajo Skyway. Von del Chamberlain, Hansen Planetarium, Salt Lake City UT 11-noon Star Wars in Ancient Mexico. John Carlson, Center for Archaeoastronomy, College Park MD noon-1 p.m. Lunch on your own* 1-2 p.m. The Enigmatic Nazca Desert Drawings. Phyllis Pitluga, Adler Planetarium, Chicago IL 2-3 p.m. Astronomy, Cosmology, and Stonehenge. Clive Ruggles, University of Leicester, U.K. 3-4 p.m. Cultural Aspects of Cosmic Disasters. Ben Peiser, Liverpool John Moores University, U.K. * Because the Community college is not convenient to many restaurants, we ask that you either eat at the campus cafeteria or bring your own brown bag lunch. Registration: Call the Community Services Division at (505) 438-1251 and ask to register for ES#114, The Archeoastronomy Symposium. ThIs is open to the public. The fee is $45. General Information What is Oxford V? "Oxford V" is the fifth in a series of triennial international meetings focusing on the role that astronomical phenomena have played in human societies, ranging from the basis of calendrics and orientation, to the significance given to the "ritual landscape" of the sky. Professionals from across disciplines will be meeting Aug. 4 - 9 at St. John's College in Santa Fe to present their research and exchange ideas. This meeting is closed to the public, however, several presenters at this meeting have agreed to come a day early to participate in our public symposium on Aug. 3. Presenters John Carlson: While at the the Center for Archaeoastronomy his principal fields of research include astronomy, archaeology, archaeoastronomy and mesoamerican studies. Von Del Chamberlain: Retired Director of Hansen Planetarium in Salt Lake City, Utah, Von Del has spent his career sharing a love of astronomy and the night sky through a variety of public programs including stories of Native American sky lore. In addition to his work in the planetarium he has done extensive research in Native American ethnoastronomy. Benny Peiser: Historian and anthropologist, and senior lecturer at Liverpool John Moores University's School of Human Sciences. Phyllis Pitluga: As Senior Astronomer at The Adler Planetarium in Chicago for 24 years, Phyllis Petluga has spent the past decade conducting an archaeoastronomical investigation of the huge plant and animal drawings carved into the stony desert near Nazca, Peru. This research has been featured in a National Geographic program and in the New Explorers series. Clive Ruggles: An interdisciplinarian who has worked in a variety of academic fields including archaeology, anthropology, astronomy, geography, computer science and information systems. He is currently Senior Lecturer in Archaeological Studies at the University of Leicester where he teaches the only undergraduate course in archaeoastronomy in Britain. Abstracts The Navajo Skyway by Von Del Chamberlain Sky symbolism is prolific in the traditions of Navajo people: Sun, Moon, stars, clouds, rain, lightning, rainbows, sundogs and the varying hues of the sky are common elements of Navajo beliefs, lore, ritual practices, arts and technologies. This illustrated presentation will outline concepts relating people, time and cosmos according to the Navajo world view. It will include information about specific groups of stars portrayed in Navajo rock art and sandpaintings and about star ceilings in beautiful Canyon de Chelly and elsewhere. Star Wars in Ancient Mexico: The Murals of Cacaxtla and Xochitecatl by John Carlson The fortified hilltop palace of Cacaxtla, across the mountains to the east of Mexico City in the State of Tlaxcala, contains the finest and best-preserved ancient murals ever uncovered in Mexico. They give us a glimpse into their world of trade, tribute, warfare and sacrifice, including a cult of sacred Venus-regulated warfare. The ancient practices of mountain worship and pilgrimage within the ritual landscape of the Cacaxtla people and their ancestors are explored in light of new evidence of their survival in contemporary Tlaxcala. The Enigmatic Nazca Desert Drawings: Extraterrestrial Runways or Astronomical Observatories? by Phyllis Pitluga The largest constructions on the Nazca plains along the south coast of Peru are quadrangle-shaped plazas (the largest is 800 x 50 meters). The plazas are accompanied by huge triangles, long straight lines and about two dozen figures of plants and animals. They were created by clearing aside the dark surface rocks to expose the light-colored subsurface. Who did it, when and why? Phyllis Pitluga has spent more than a decade analyzing this site using a sureveyor's theodolite and computer. Her conclusions are surprising. Judge the evidence she has to present for yourself. Astronomy, Cosmology, and Stonehenge by Clive Ruggles Many of the thousands of visitors who come to Stonehenge each year, whether around the time of midsummer sunrise or not, have the general idea that the monument is some sort of ancient astronomical observatory. Yet the academic literature on the subject is confusing. In recent years a new view has emerged of Stonehenge astronomy that is in tune both with developments in archaeologists' understanding of social aspects of southern Britain in the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, and with developments of thought and method in world archaeoastronomy. Cultural Aspects of Cosmic Disasters by Benny Peiser Ever since the early 1980's when Louis Alvarez and his colleagues linked the extinction of the dinosaurs to an impact catastrophe, an increasing number of astronomers claim that a series of cosmic disasters on a much smaller, yet global scale also punctuated the earth in more recent times. Could a more active and threatening sky have caused major cultural changes of prehistoric civilizations, belief systems and religious rituals? Let's look at the evidence.